1.0 Introduction to Marxism. 1.1 Ideology All political ideas created by the social, historical situations and political purpose have the dexterity to persuade and template political deed and can also shape the community and life of every individual. According to varying beliefs and perceptions of the ruling class different types of ideologies came into existence. One of which is the Marxism, a philosophy of history that observe capitalism and strongly believes capitalism is doomed to fail and socialism is destined to replace it.1.2 Marxism Marxism is defined as an ideology based on the perceptions of socialism in which the public ownership of the means of production, exchange and distribution is the dominant feature.?1.3 Capitalism Capitalism which is defined as the ideology that embrace on the private ownership of the means of production and distribution of good, featured to have free competitive market and is mainly encouraged by the economy profit. 1.4. Karl Marx Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist and political thinker, well known as the father of twentieth century communism. Karl Marx was a former teacher and journalist who after retirement spent rest of his life in London as an active revolutionary and writer accompanied by his colleague Friedrich Engels. The main vehicle for propagating Marx’s ideas was the set of basic documents of the First International that Marx wrote. Marxism was a result of the works of Marx’s lifelong fellow worker, Engels who was a German socialist,leader Karl Kautsky and the Russian theoretician Georgi Plekhanov during 1857-1918 to summarize the ideas of Marxto the world that graced the needs of the growing socialist movement. Karl Marx died in 1883 after which Marxism came into existence. 1.5 Thesis Statement Marx strongly believed that political power reflects class interests and that capitalism has fostered competitive and selfish behavior, human inequality due to the unequal structure of society and precisely in favor of capital. Thus, with his own theory derived from a synthesis of Hegelian, philosophy, British political economy and French socialism strongly reasons why Capitalism is doomed to collapse.2.0 History of Marxism 2.1 History of the word. Dating back to 1871 Marx gained popularity through the aligning of the International with the Paris.. During 1877-1878 Friedrich demarcated Marx’s ideas from those of his rivals Karl Duhring and the Utopian socialists and subjected them to criticism by publishing his article “Anti Duhring”. This contributed largely towards making Marxism the dominant ideology of European socialism and particularly of the preeminent European socialists, the German social democrats. In 1880s the word Marxism seems to have appeared and it was certainly used in 1882 by anarchist Paul Brousse in a pamphlet. Moreover, in 1880s the term Marxism started too be used in more positive sense in Russia. During 1864-1876 the anarchist Michael Bukinin and his disciples used terms Marxian, Marxists and Marxids to refer to Marx and his adherents. For example; Bukunin’s followers always make negative connotation using the term Marxist in such phrases as Marxist falsifications. By 1895 Marxism and Marxist were in common usage however, Marxists for example Rosa Luxemberg favored other labels such as scientific socialism or social democracy. And also Marx and Engels strongly avoided the use of terms as Marxists and Marxism it can be supported by Marx’s remark quoted by Engels,”What is certain is that I am not a Marxist”? 2.1.1. 20th century It was in 20th century that the Divisions of Marxism such as Marxism Leninism, Marxism -Leninism-Maoism, Austro- Marxism, Analytical Marxism, Structural Marxism and Post-Marxism were developed. 2.2. History of movement Place where Marxism first started is Europe and in particular, Germany. Some of the key thinkers and innovators in the Marx tradition from Europe was Karl Kautsky, the revisionist espoused by Edward Bernstein and Rusa Luxemberg. Each of them contributed largely to Marxism. For example, Bernstein made the bold leap to embrace reform not just in practice but in principles to. even in countries such as France, Italy, UK adopted some of the Marxist theories/ideas. However, in terms of grouping state power European didn’t achieve much of success while Russia gained power leaded by Lenin. Lenin crucially modified Marx ideas while saying true to Marx ideas. This was also because of the lesson learnt from European’s failure. 2.3 Theory and practice. 2.3. Death of Marxism 3.0 According to Marx, capitalism is doomed to collapse and throughout his time he has highlighted a lot of reasons why Capitalism is doomed to collapse. And the reasons are firstly, Marx believed that in a capitalist society modern work is driven apart. Work is a source of greatest joy but in order for it to be a fulfilled work worker need to see themselves in the object they have created. According to Marx, people in capitalist society don’t have any freedom to showcase their talent and they are just working under the managers supervision to produce what they are told to for the only benefit of profit. For example; a cupboard smooth and straight made by a person is an example of how at its best labor has the chance to externalize his individuality. However, in modern world it’s too rare and they are totally specialized. Even though, the specialized method contributes to efficiency it is holding back the people to derive a true sense of contribution they might be making towards real humanity. So he described capitalism as not creative and fulfilling. Secondly, Marx strongly supported that Modern work is insecure because they are deeply dependent on technology and once you are not anymore, a productive citizen you will be abandoned where as in communism when it is clearly understood emotionally it expresses one belonging for eternity and not the fear of abandonment. Thirdly, Marx strongly argues that capitalism is only in favor of capitals and is unfair for the labors. This is because in capitalist society the labors work so hard and it’s the capitalists who gains huge profit by declining the income of the labors. With this believe Marx labels the capitalists to be thieves who are stealing the hard work of the work force. Fourthly, Marx believed that capitalism is bad for capitalists. He supported his perception with an argument he made for the reasons behind the “Bonju” marriage being the beneficial of business enhancement and not love. This argument he made strongly speaks on his behalf of how capitalist system forces everyone to put economic interest at the heart of their lives and doesn’t know the real meaning of marriage. He says that capitalism develops a mentally of people in such a way that all their judgements are based on economic terms. For instance; they think a person who don’t work is worthless which eventually leads to abandonment, happiness is based on ones wealth and people and things will invariably make money. Fifthly, Marxism is strong believer that ideas of capitalist teach all the people to be anxious, competitive, puppet, etc. All these points mentioned are the reasons why Marx strongly believed that Capitalism is doomed to collapse. 4.0 All the reasons Marx have mentioned supporting why he believed the Capitalism is doomed to collapse he have clearly succeeded in explaining how the collapse would occur. Karl Marx strongly believed that capitalism is preparing its own death. And due to all the reasons mentioned above the inequality and homelessness basedideology he believed capitalism will destined to be overthrown by proletarian revolution and would form a new mode of ideology that is communism which is classless, free of inequality and where human will shape the ideal and not vice versa. Such a revolution would occur in the most mature capitalist countries for example; Germany, Belgium and France. According to him the revolution will occur when both objective and subjective conditions were ripe. As class antagonisms intensified, the proletarian would recognize the fact of its own exploitation and become a revolutionary force. Marx nevertheless recognized that there could be no immediate transition from capitalism to communism. A transitionary ‘socialist’ stage of development would last as long as class antagonisms persisted. This would be characterized by what Marx called ‘revolutionary dictorship of the proletariat’, in affect, a proletarian state whose purpose would be to safeguard the gains of the revolution by preventing counter-revolution by the dispossessed bourgeoisie. Hlowever, as class antagonisms began to fade with the emergence of full communism, the state would be classless since it will lose its reasons for existence. 5.0 criticism of Marxism With all the reasons stated why capitalism is doomed to collapse and the need for ideology to be replaced by Marxism. It stuck as an epiphany to me that if despite all the pros of Marxism why did it end? According to my perception I think there a lot of reasons to argue on the points made by Marx. He strongly believed that capitalism is doomed to fail and reasoned why is that so. However, he failed to express the advantages it has besides disadvantages. There are a lot of field where we can argue those reasons because Marx have only pointed out the negative sides of capitalism and overlooked its advantages. Advantages such as efficient production, financial incentives, creative destruction, political freedom due to economic freedom, Mechanisms for overcoming discrimination and bringing people together, dynamic efficiency, efficient allocation of resources, etc. According to Marx in capitalism world modern work is alienated. But according to my perception I think depending on the specialized way to enhance economy is the best way to promote the efficiency of production. Why not achieve more than what one cannot achieve without specialized technology and be more productive in the end even though it hampers ones plat form to show his or her talent. Capitalism focuses more on the economy thus enhancing the industries to produce good. All this will contribute towards creating job opportunities for the labors and at the end of the day they are benefited as well not just the capitals. Marx believed that in capitalist society people make valued judgments which he explained it as a negative impact however, I think it’s not. If people develop a mentally that their happiness is based on more wealth then everyone is the society will work hard to earn and make a stand in the society which will make them independent on others in terms of money. Evidence suggests that people work hardest when there is a personal financial incentive. For example; capitals are only risking in setting up business because of the financial rewards they will gain. If there is no profit then there won’t be no new firms thus leading to lose of job opportunities to many. This is good because it will help eradicate poverty and homelessness. Economic freedom helps political freedom as said by famous key thinkers like Milton Friedman, “History suggests that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom. Clearly it is not a sufficient condition.” A state that limits the rights of individuals to business will lead to political interference. Furthermore, Capitalism encourages trade between different nations and different people. This will bring unity and neglect racism because they are only focused on promoting the economy thus, making a society hate free towards each other.