1.1 residential treatment facilities (“The AFCARS Report,” 2016).

1.1  IntroductionThesystems put in place in the human services filed to help children have aprofound effect on society to create change. This especially applies to thefoster care system that is designed to help children in need. It is estimatedthat on any given day, approximately 428,000 children enter the foster caresystem (“The AFCARS Report,” 2016). In 2015, it is projected that over 670,000children had spent some time in foster care (“Trends in Foster Care andAdoption: FY 2006 – FY 2015,” 2016). Calculated on average, children in thefoster care system are in state care for approximately two years and 6% haveremained in foster care for five or more years (“The AFCARS Report,” 2016).

In2015, 14% of children in foster care live in group homes or residential treatmentfacilities (“The AFCARS Report,” 2016). 20,000 children in 2015 aged out of thefoster care system without reunification with families or permanent placement(“The AFCARS Report,” 2016). These children that age out without reunificationor permanent placements were more likely to experience homelessness,unemployment and incarceration in adulthood (“The AFCARS Report,” 2016).

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Statementof the Problem            The problem of the study is to analyze secondary data ofGroup Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential CareCenter (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department ofChildren and Families to examine which has more favorable permanent placementsin the state of Wisconsin. ThePurpose of the Study            The purpose of the study is to determine if ResidentialCare Centers or Group Homes are better to help troubled children transitioninto more permanent placements. The study explores the differences betweenGroup Homes and Residential Treatment Centers. The results attained from thisstudy can help families make choices on the best care for their children, helphuman services professionals make better informed decisions for placing thechildren they work with and even policy makers. This study also shows thepossible differences between Group Homes and Residential Care Centers to decideif the potential exists to create alternative programs or placements for thechildren with high needs in order to delay or prevent them from being placed inthese centers. The secondary data that was utilized in this study was from GroupHome (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care Center(RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department ofChildren and Families.

Significanceof the Study            This study issignificant because of the increase of children entering Group Homes and ResidentialTreatment Centers. Delimitationsof the Study            These are thefollowing delimitations of this study:1.     This study examined secondary data ofGroup Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential CareCenter (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department ofChildren and Families.

2.     Descriptive statistics were used to analyzethe data in this study.3.

      Limitationsof the StudyLimitations of the study should benarrowed down as much as possible. Wargo (2015) defines limitations of thestudy as extraneous factors in which the researcher has no control over thatmay influence the outcomes of the study. The following limitations are in thisstudy:1.     Other variables not listed might havealtered the study and this study is limited to the information obtained fromGroup Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential CareCenter (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department ofChildren and Families. 2.

     Variables that are important to thestudy are missing that could not be obtained from the secondary data such asdemographic information.3.     Child Placing Agency Dashboard Measureswere excluded from the study as they are larger entities that contain moreentities than just Group Homes and Residential Treatment Centers. 4.     The data obtained from the secondarystudy is self-reported and it is possible that it could contain data this isinaccurate. For example, a child in the care center was disgruntled aboutsomething and could have gave negative feedback when in fact he or she hadpositive experience but might have responded in the moment. 5.     The samples collected in the secondarydata has to contain duplicated clients could go between Group Homes andResidential Treatment Centers.

6.     The secondary data came from surveyscollected in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2015. No other data prior exists. Assumptions of the StudyAssumptions of the study shouldseek the truth. It is defined as the accuracy, honesty or trueness ofinformation attained regarding different populations within the study,statistical analysis, research design and delimitations of the study (Wargo, 2015).These are the following assumptions for this study:Assumptions for this study are the following: Group Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of Children and Families research data was collected ethically, responsibly and in an unbiased manner.

  Information gathered from Group Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of Children and Families had residents answer both reasonably and honestly. The samples from Group Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of Children and Families were selected equally and experience the same aspects of the study. Residents from Group Home (GH) Performance Based Measures Dashboard and the Residential Care Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard from Wisconsin Department of Children and Families had genuine interest in participating in the research and do not have any other intentions unrelated to the study. Hypothesis      Theyhypothesis is that Group Homes and Resident Treatment Centers will be differentbased on demographics, length of stay, permanency and care provides. Theyhypothesis are explained are explained more in detail.  Demographics: ResidentialTreatment Centers will have more admitted than group homes (Baker,Wulczyn, & Dale, 2005).

Length of Stay:Residential Treatment Centers have kids longer than Group Homes due totreatment received. Permanency:Residential Treatment Centers have more placements in less restrictive settingsthan Group Homes (Lyons, Woltman, Martinovich, & Hancock, 2009).Care Providers: Thosethat work with the youth in Group Homes and Residential Treatment centers have animpact on residents’ lives and placements. Definition of Terms andAbbreviations1.     GH, Group Homes –A residence where peoplelive in a group that requires special care and attention where supervision isprovided (“Group Home,” 2017).

2.     Group Home (GH) Performance BasedMeasures Dashboard – Surveyed data on Group Homes collected by WisconsinDepartment of Children and Families (“Group Home (GH) Performance BasedMeasures Dashboard,” 2017). 3.     RCC, Residential Treatment Centers – Afacility where psychiatry health care is provided to people that have emotionaldisorders or behavioral issues that require medication to relieve fromstressors and also receive supervision (“Residential Treatment,” 2017).4.     Residential Care Center (RCC)Performance Based Measures Dashboard – Surveyed data on Residential TreatmentCenters collected by Wisconsin Department of Children and Families(“Residential Care Center (RCC) Performance Based Measures Dashboard,”2017)  5.     Residents – Are people that are residingat a facility or center for some length of time (“Resident,”2017).

             CHAPTER2According to a study conducted by Wonnum (2014), staff thatwork at group homes play an important part in children’s lives through buildingpositive relationships. By being positive role models, staffs were positiveinfluences on the children that they worked with. Staff members helped childrencreate positive changes in children socially, behaviorally, mentally,illustrate how to interact positively with others and develop problem solvingskills. This in turn also created positive outcomes when children aredischarged from group homes. While at group homes, children learn to developtrust through positive relationships.

As a result, children that had problembehaviors eventually stop these behaviors and were more likely to exhibitpositive behaviors after they were discharged from the group home (Wonnum,2014). The relationships developed go with child developmentaltheories. Cherry (2017) stated that Erikson’s theory of psychosocialdevelopment places emphasis on developmental stages from birth all the wayuntil people die.  (Cherry, 2017)