1 CONSTITUENCY BACKGROUND INFORMATION 1.1 IntroductionThis sectionprovides the background information on the socio-economic and infrastructuralinformation that has a bearing on the growth of the constituency.
The sectionprovides description of the constituency in terms of the location, size,physiographic and natural conditions, demographic profiles as well as theadministrative and political units. In addition, it provides information oninfrastructure and access; land and land use; community organizations/non-stateactors; crop, livestock and fish production; forestry, environment and climatechange; mining; tourism; employment and other sources of income; water andsanitation; health access and nutrition, education and literacy, trade energy,housing, transport and communication, community development and social welfare. 1.2 Geographical location and sizeKabeteConstituency is one of the five constituencies in the Kiambu County. It islocated in the central region and covers a total area of 232.7 Km2.
Kabeteis situated on the western side of Nairobi and South East of Kajiado County. 1.3 Physiographical and Natural conditions1.3.1 Physical &Topographical featuresKabete is in the lowerhighland zone of Kiambu’s Topographical zones. Hills, plateaus and highelevating plains characterize it. The area lies between 1500-1800 meters abovesea level.
It is covered bywell-drained volcanic loan soils that support crop farming. The climate is cooland wet with short rains in August and September. The long rains come in Aprilmaking it a high agricultural potential area. Besides subsistence, farmingthere is a commercial farming being carried out in the constituency.The mean temperature is26 degrees Celsius ranging from 7 degrees Celsius – 34 degrees Celsius. 1.3.
2 Administrative unitsCurrently theconstituency is divided into 5 wards namely:Gitaru WardMuguga WardNyadhuna WardKabete wardUthiru Ward1.4 Population density and distributionKabete constituency hasthe highest population currently at 2534 persons/KM2. This is due to proximity to Nairobi city.The constituency has slightlymore females than the males but the ratio is 50:50.
The population of thoseless than 18years in the constituency is 46% while those aged between 18 to 55years account for 36%. Those above 55 years are at 18%. 0 -4 and 20-24 agegroups form the highest populations in the constituency.1.5 Political UnitsKabete constituency hasfive electoral wards.
Eligible and registered voters as at December 2013 was88,761/- and 62,174- consecutively.1.6 Infrastructure access1.6.1 RoadsKabete has an extensiveroad network. The constituency has 54.
35 kilometers of tarmacked roadsdistributed amongst five locations.1.6.2 Roof and floortypes93% ofpeople in Kabete use ribbed iron sheets for roofing. This provides a goodopportunity to harvest rainwater. The common use cement and gravel for theirfloors though there is an uproar of tiles and wood with the recent urbanizationof the area.1.
6.3 Energy andlighting.With the flagship ofthe rural electrification project in Kenya. Most people in Kabete useelectricity. It is ranked among the top nationally in regard to the extent ofelectricity coverage. However, people still use charcoal, firewood and paraffinas their source of fuel. Gas and electricity is still minimally used.
1.6.4 Post andTelecommunicationThere is one main postoffice in Kabete at Uthiru with other subsidiary collection points within theConstituency. Telephone network is available in most of the places. Other meansof communication are mobile phones and the internet. Mobile telephone boostersare present especially along the highway and other major roads makingcommunication easy and there enhancing socioeconomic development.
1.7 Economic ActivitiesKabete has been ranked the least poorconstituency out of the 290 constituencies nationally. It has the lowestpercentage of people living below the poverty line in Kiambu County .Agriculture and business are the maineconomic activities. The main agricultural products are maize, potatoes, kales,cabbages, carrots and peas that are sold in Nairobi’s Wakulima market.
Mostfarmers do zero grazing. Animals kept include dairy cattle, poultry and pigs.1.8 EducationThere are approximately60 primary schools with an enrolment of approximately 28,145 pupils. It has ahigh concentration of private schools.
There is an imbalance of opportunitybetween boys and girls in Kabete, in quality of education facilities as well asin education performance.There are more girls’schools than boys’ schools in the area. On average, more girls than boysregister for higher education. Boy’s education is therefore a key priority. 2 Governance Kabete current Member of Parliament is Honorable George MukuruMuchai elected in August 2017.CDFC Members are:Ø Benson Eric Kamau Ruguru Maleyouth representative member.
Ø Paul Kinyanjui Gitau MaleAdult representative member.Ø Cnythia Muchiri Gathugu Femaleyouth representative member.Ø Miriam Muthoni Njehia Femaleadult representative member.Ø Evanson Buro Kugomo Representativeof people living with disability member.
Ø John Njuguna Njau Nomineeof the constituency office male member.Ø Jane Muthoni Nyoko Nomineeof the constituency office female member.2.1 Key features, resources availableand how wealth can be increased.
2.1.1 Key features,resources availableü Its proximity to Nairobi hence ready markets for farm produce.ü Availability of small industries.
ü Supportive institutions like banks.ü Availability of human resource and many professionals who settlein the constituency from different parts of Kenya.ü Extensive road network including the Nairobi Nakuru highway.ü Committed leadership.ü Existence of many women groups.
ü Good community policing networks.ü Many health care facilities and adequate number of educationalfacilities.ü Adequate rainfall.
ü Rich soils for agriculture.ü An entrepreneurial spirit among people.2.1.
2 How wealth canbe increased.Kabete being an aridpart, it contains diatomite deposits that are unexploited. There is thereforegreat need for investment in the area to determine economic viability of thedeposits.Alsowith good governance and accountability of CDF he constituency can improve itswealth