The history of this globe stands as a proof to the fact that the Nations of Northern Hemisphere have dominated over the Southern hemisphere.
Many reasons have contributed to this fact. This essay briefly discusses the economic factors which underlie this situation. The fate of southern hemisphere is not only man made, nature is also a major player in deciding the destiny of the southern hemisphere. Geographically the ratio of the land to sea mass is considerably less than that in the northern hemisphere.Land is very less in south, than in the north.
The northern hemisphere has huge land masses spread across the continents of Asia, Africa, America and Europe. Conversely, the southern hemisphere has two peninsular masses of south America and South Africa, in addition to island mass of Australia and New Zealand. Less land automatically implies less population and less resources. This leads to shortage of all skills and commodities and facilities required for economic growth. Another geographic reason is that most of the land mass of the southern hemisphere is spread across the equatorial belt. Excess of rainfall, combined with very humid atmosphere, imposes several restrictions on the agricultural practices.Congo and Amazon basins house the densest forest layer of this world even today.
On the other hand, Australia and New Zealand, though not in the equatorial zone, are nearer to the Antarctic, where the weather is not supportive of variety of agricultural products. In f act western part of Australia houses vast stretches of desert land, where cultivation cannot be thought of also !! The availability of land for cultivation is very less in the southern hemisphere, and for whatever land is available for cultivation, weather turns out to be another enemy of agricultural development.On the other hand, in the northern hemisphere plenty of land is available in the temperate zone, for cultivation, and a variety of products can be cultivated on it, which would be enough for all the population of this world.
Naturally convenient circumstances for good agricultural cultivation, have always given the northern hemisphere a lead in economic affairs, right from the word go. Geography leads to history. Due to its geography, the southern nations by and large, lacked the communications with the rest of the world, or even within themselves. Trade with the outer world was minimal, to begin with.Almost all nations lived within themselves. With no technological advances available to them, it was almost impossible for the natives to come out of the dense forest of Congo and Amazon basins, to see the outside world and trade with them.
This was not true for the North. Records of trade between countries in northern hemisphere date back to a few thousand years. Cooperation enabled the exchange of goods, and countries did not lack in any commodity.
Feasibility of transportation played an important role in facilitating this trade. Transportation was possible because lands were plain, and weather bearable.As a matter of fact, trade and exchange flourished in northern hemisphere, and there was no such scope in the southern hemisphere. All the civilizations, which mark the development of civilized society of human beings, were born on the major river banks of the northern temperate zone.
Be it the Indian, Mongol, Egyptian, Mesopotamian or the Greek, all were born and flourished in the North. This led to development of learning as a major tool of civilization.The concept of knowledge evolved, flourished and dominated from the North. India , China and Egypt were the earliest learning head quarters on the globe, and they were aware of the universe, mathematics and other branches of knowledge, much ahead of the Europeans. Good academics led to the spirit of exploration, and renaissance marked the beginning of an era, where the European concepts started dominating the world affairs. Education and learning lead to technical developments also, and mass production through industrial development gave the people of North, especially Europe and America, a very distinct economic advantage. This led to colonization of most of the nations of the Southern hemisphere, denying them any rights for economic development for many centuries together.
The paradox is reached when a man from the north is successful in putting his feet on moon, another man in the interiors of Congo basin has to fight for two square meals a day!!! A stage was reached when the intellectual and the economic powers of Europeans and Americans could not be challenged by anyone. They left no stone unturned in exploiting this situation. Slavery is the biggest proof of economic dominance of north over the south. North also has the biggest known oil reserves on this globe.
All countries, including United States are dependent on the countries of middleeast for their crude oil requirements.International agencies also play an important role in this gap, which is ever increasing. Red Cross and Unesco have been doing commendable work for increasing literacy levels and improving health conditions for the people of southern hemisphere.These efforts are bound to improve the general economic condition of the people. One needs to hope that these steps will surely contribute to lessening the economic gap between the north and south.
On the other hand, IAEA, and other international agencies on nuclear warfare, have strict norms for any new entrants to the nuclear league. These agencies, apparently work according to the directives received from the developed nations, especially the USA. Tomorrow, even if Brazil or Argentina develop technically to become a nuclear power, they will face immediate sanctions from the UN. These sanctions are aimed at stalling the economic progress of the country which has ‘dared to’ venture without the permission of the ‘ big brother’. Slavery may have gone, but the greed of the white community of north, is still there. While nature has been partial to the southern sphere, their misery is multiplied by the greedy dominance of the people of north, especially the whites.