Recognition is simply the process of determining whether a stimuli being introduced has been presented to the person before. In this process, the person was subjected to certain stimuli. When a person has been introduced to the stimuli before, the person will recognize the stimuli when it is presented again to the person. An example is when a person met someone before. When the person met again someone that was introduced in the past, the person tends to recognize the face of that someone even though the name was not remembered. Through recognition, one can determine how well the brain memory performs.
Two types of procedure test are used in order to study recognition memory performance of a person. One types is by yes-no and the other is by forced-choice procedures. In the yes-no procedure, the person is only asked whether the stimuli were already introduced. On the other hand, forced-choice procedure gives certain choices for the person to choose from (Eysenck & Keane, 2000). Recognition is a different process than recall. Recognition is used instead of recall due to several reasons. First, performance of memory of a person can be obtained is more reliable in recognition than recall procedures because of the guessing rates.
In recall, a person who is unable to recall a certain stimuli will have a memory performance score of zero. On the other hand, recognition gives a person a certain chance in order to correctly answer a recognition question due to the existence of choices. Second, in recall, a person needs more or complete information regarding the stimuli in order to correctly recall it. On the other hand, recognition does not need complete information and may only need a bit of information in order to properly recognize an object (Eysenck & Keane, 2000). Statement of the Problem
Dual Coding Theory (DCT) has been seen in different applications in cognitive phenomena. The different applications of DCT include problem solving, concept learning and language. Dual Coding Theory involves the principle of recall and recognition which is enhanced by presenting bits of information in both verbal and non-verbal types. With this knowledge in mind, the researcher wants to determine whether memory recognition is affected by the type of information given to a person (non-verbal, verbal). The researcher wants to answer the following question.
Is there a difference between the memory recognition of a person when exposed to different types of information (verbal, non-verbal)? Hypothesis In order to answer the question, the researcher created a testable hypothesis. The following are the hypotheses for the research. Null hypothesis: There is no difference between the memory recognition of a person when exposed to different types of information (verbal, non-verbal). Alternative Hypothesis: There is at least one difference between the memory recognition of a person when exposed to different types of information (verbal, non-verbal).