Global warming refers to the increase in the air temperature near the water bodies’ surface and it affects the climatic conditions in various parts of the world causing a lot of climatic changes. O-zone depletion is an effect of global warming and it refers to the destruction of the ozone layer by the atomic chlorine or bromine and other contributory substances referred to as o-zone depleting substances (ODS).O-zone depletion has very major consequences which include; the changing of the precipitation patterns, significant changes in the agricultural yields, extreme weather conditions, glacier retreat and an increase in the sea water level as well as an increase in the global temperatures. Ozone depletion has caused major climatic changes in the African continent and this has led to the shrinkage of the icecaps in major African mountains like mt Kenya.The east African coral reefs are also in the danger of disappearing because of the effects of the ozone depletion and this will further affect the fisheries the food security the marine biodiversity as well as the tourism income in the African countries.
To combat the climatic changes caused by the ozone depletion the rich countries must aid the African continent as a whole since the continent is uniquely vulnerable to the climatic shifts with over 50%of the African people being dependent on rain fed small scale agriculture.In responding to this problem the most effective GIN (global issues networks) would be the African governments. This would be very efficient in controlling ozone depletion such that the governments can implement rules and laws that would help in the reduction of the global warming. This would also be easily followed since the governments can easily monitor the progress of global warming and even they can also come up with consequences for those who would refuse to cooperate with the instigated global warming measures.The issue of ozone depletion would require facilitators from the civil society such as the African national academy of sciences, the public and also the private organizations such as the general assembly of the United Nations. In addition to this other main actors who have been playing a significant role in controlling the issue in the African continent include; Oxfam, action aid, Greenpeace and friends of the earth.
The civil society has a direct link with the people living in a country and thus it would be easier to communicate to the public on any issues that are related to global warming.It is also very easy to conduct civic education and enlighten a lot of people on ways that they can reduce the global warming. On the other hand the private actors have a lot of expertise in dealing with certain specific issues that require the global attention . It is equally important if the private actors are also involved in addressing this problem of global warming since they have experts in that specific area who are already specialized.
This means that the specialized and trained individuals easily understand the extent to which the problem can either be reduced or even be completely solved.Similarly the public actors would be very resourceful in controlling this global issue of global warming. This is because it can easily allocate funds for this initiative from the public through taxation and also by pulling together the public resources. When it comes to funding the private actors such as the wildlife societies in Africa as well as the aerosol manufacturers association play a crucial key role since they can easily access donations from well wishers and even other organizations so that they can support the work that is done.The actors such as the United Nations and the worldwide fund for nature on the other hand contain individuals who are specialized in the area of global warming since they may have studied this particular area.
All the actors involved in the issue of ozone depletion have the experience in solving this problem since it is an issue that has required the attention of every one globally as it affects every living thing.The actors are also very resourceful in terms of providing the pole with information that relates to global warming thus every individual becomes knowledgeable and they can positively contribute to solving the problem. The actors also have facilities that enhance the solving of this problem and they include research laboratories in which extensive research work is done that further helps in controlling global warming. (Maslin, 2004)ReferencesMaslin, M.
(2004): Global warming: a very short introduction, Oxford University Press, New York