213256 Investigative survey to carry on an interview, of no more than 30 proceedingss, with an experient Youth Worker, on the impact of young person policy on their professional individuality and pattern and critically discourse cardinal subjects raised by the respondent in visible radiation of relevant literature on the subject.
The young person worker was interviewed in a private office of the Connexions edifice in which he worked. The interview lasted for about 20 proceedingss with two breaks. A list of inquiries had been drawn up in progress, nevertheless the young person worker had some rather strong sentiments and did non necessitate motivating to speak about how he felt.
A full list of citations from the interview used in this survey is provided in Appendix 1, but shorter samples of these are used within the text.Questions posed were as follows:
- Remark on how the Connexions Strategy has impacted on your function.
- Do you experience that the current system of accreditation for young person workers is successful?
- Do you experience that the current flexible course of study including choosing out of Key Stage 4 elements is manageable?
- How do you experience about the scheme of aiming fiscal support for those in larning?
- What do you understand the term ‘joined up thinking’ to intend?
- Are there any issues which you feel impact on your professional development?
The content of the interview can be analysed by being broken into four chief subjects, which will be discussed individually. Youth Work has changed beyond acknowledgment in the last 10 old ages ; Targets become barriers ; Peoples are non Numberss ; Life experience can non be accredited. On the whole it seemed that the respondent had a rather negative and pessimistic position of current young person service proviso.
This negative position is reflected in the literature.Young person Work has changed beyond acknowledgment in the last ten old ages“I don’t feel like a young person worker any more ; I’m a facilitator for instruction which is merely a fancy word for a instructor. I ne’er wanted to be a instructor. That’s non what I signed up for. I feel like the land has shifted underneath me and now I’m a portion of the establishment.
” ( Appendix 1, a )Many young person workers come from a background of utilizing the young person services themselves when younger. The young person worker in this interview had used the services as a adolescent and has been working in this country for 15 old ages. He gained youth work makings and continued working in the same young person Centre for the continuance of the 15 old ages. As such he has a wealth of experience of the service.
One of the points that was most strongly made during the interview was that since the Connexions Strategy ( DfES, 2002 ) was implemented, the alterations to the manner that young person workers are expected to work has changed the work to the extent that it should no longer be referred to as ‘youth work’ but as educational control. He has discussed this issue with a figure of co-workers and with other young person workers in other Centres, and has said that this is a normally held sentiment. It is besides prevailing in the literature. Jeffs and Smith ( 2001 ) province that “the Connexions scheme is merely another facet of the turning centralisation and control that has characterized instruction and public assistance policy in recent years.” [ online ] Garratt ( 2002 ) discusses the concerns sing proviso of wagess for conformity, and the commanding facet such as the usage of a database to track advancement.One of the jobs highlighted by both the respondent and the literature is that the scheme expects youth workers to take ‘disaffected’ immature people and model them into a ‘better class’ of individual to be integrated into society and no longer excluded.
The scheme purports to value the young person workers’ accomplishments and experience and to tackle and do usage of their connexion with the immature people. The point made by many young person workers, and surely the respondent, is that although they appreciate being valued, they feel as if they are being manipulated and bewraying their committedness to the immature people with whom they work. They worry that the control being exercised will drive away the really people who should profit from the Centres.“This scheme is forcing… [ immature people ] to be included, it is patronizing and it’s doing us portion of the constitution and no longer attractive to the immature people we should be here for.
” ( Appendix 1, B )Targets become barriers“You can’t drag them off the street, it’s supposed to be voluntary involvement… Young people come into a young person Centre anticipating to socialize, to happen their ain infinite without being controlled by adults… It’s non voluntary any longer, it’s merely the instruction system in camouflage. And so that stops the childs from desiring to come along.” ( Appendix 1, degree Celsius )“When people are already disaffected and disengaged, utilizing something that is traveling to drive them further off is a large mistake.” ( Appendix 1, vitamin D )One point made rather strongly in a figure of ways was that the new manner of working would drive immature people off and hence travel against the ethos of young person work. The socially excluded immature people, who would hold been attracted to the young person Centre as a location where they would hold no outlooks placed on them, will be less likely to go engaged in Centre activities if they feel that their public presentation is monitored. Thus the targeted client group will be less likely to go to the Centre and will alternatively take to socialize elsewhere, with deductions to their safety.Britton et. Al.
( 2002 ) found that the Connexions calling counsel service overlooks immature people at the borders, peculiarly black and cultural minority people and point to the jobs of communications between bureaus and of happening a befriender suited to the client. When interactions with official bureaus are deeply disempowering, being farther allow down by Connexions is unacceptable ( Britton et. al.
, 2002 ) .Peoples are non NumbersIt was understood that a 60 % mark does account for 40 % of service users non deriving accreditation, nevertheless the whole thought of marks was something that the respondent objected to. “Targets cut down people to Numberss. It becomes impersonal and hence uncaring.” ( Appendix 1, degree Celsius )Beckmann & A ; Cooper ( 2005 ) warn of the injury that can be done by a “profoundly reductionist and dehumanizing ‘education’ system.” ( p.475 ) Sing persons as units of productiveness and necessitating a continual addition in productiveness is damaging to the person and finally to society.
The depersonalization of immature people is discussed by Watts ( 2001 ) , who points to several design defects in the Connexions scheme. These include non taking into history the subjective frame of mention of immature people, and the fact that they may already be working within “informal economies” ( Watts, 2001, p.157 ) .There was besides a feeling that the scheme is experimental and that immature people are being used as “guinea hogs in one immense experiment.” ( Appendix 1, vitamin D ) .
This has far making negative deductions which will non be discovered until farther into the hereafter. Ainley, Barnes & A ; Momen ( 2002 ) discourse how the experimental bringing of societal services creates an “extremely unsure societal policy environment.” ( p.376 )Life experience is non accreditable“Life doesn’t come in orderly small boxes that you tick off a list. You might be able to make that with some accomplishments but you can’t do a individual into a valuable citizen by clicking their boxes.” ( Appendix 1, vitamin E )The 4th cardinal subject under treatment is that life experience is non something that can be scored and accredited. The respondent expressed a contempt for usage of larning results and proficiencies, noticing that they have their topographic point but that they are non ever appropriate.
In peculiar, there are some accomplishments that are so aeriform it is improbable to happen an result that will suit.Mention was made of some experiences, for illustration taking a group of immature people abroad for charity work, which are life-changing. Reducing this kind of experience to a list of results is impersonal. Trying to replace the experience with a less-funded option is a treachery of the committedness to immature people.The system of larning and public presentation outcomes seems to hold depersonalised much of the acquisition and experiential work that had antecedently been done.
This will hold far-reaching negative effects in the hereafter.“Some of the workers we get in now seem to hold this mentality of run intoing marks and clicking boxes, and I’m certain that’s because they’ve been through this accreditation system themselves. It’s all a large machine to them.” ( Appendix 1, vitamin E )Beckmann & A ; Cooper ( 2005 ) warn that dehumanizing young person work will bring forth more disenchantment than earlier.DecisionThe respondent in this interview seemed to hold a negative attitude towards the system in which he works. This begs the inquiry as to why he is working in this function.
He explained that he had gone into young person work due to a profound personal demand to give back to society the support that he had as a immature individual himself. He felt that he had a committedness and a responsibility to the immature people who attend his Centre and that he should non abandon them. “If I left now so I’d feel like I was giving in to the system and go forthing the childs to fend for themselves. That’s non a good feeling.” ( Appendix 1, degree Fahrenheit )It seems that there is a black mentality for young person service proviso if this respondent is seen as the mean young person worker. If the young person workers themselves have become ill-affected so this may be black to the immature people utilizing the service. However, if the long-run young person workers leave and are replaced by transeunt staff of the ‘box-ticking’ mentality the respondent references above, so this will supply a really hapless hereafter for service users.MentionsAinley, P.
, Barnes T. & A ; Momen A. ( 2002 ) Making Connections: a instance survey in modern-day societal policyCritical Social Policy, 22 ( 2 ) 376-388Beckmann, A. & A ; Cooper, C. ( 2005 ) Conditions of domination: contemplations on injuries generated by the British province instruction systemBritish Journal of Sociology of Education, 26 ( 4 ) 475 – 489Britton, L. , Chatrik, B. , Coles, B. , Craig, G.
, Hylton, C. & A ; Mumtaz, S. ( 2002 )Missing Connections: The Career Dynamics and Welfare Needs of Black and Minority Ethnic Young People at the Margins. Portland, OR: International Specialist Book Services ( distributer for Policy Press )Department for Education and Employment ( DfEE ) ( 2001 )Transforming Youth Work. Developing youth work for immature people, London: Department for Education and Employment/Connexions.
Department for Education and Skills ( DfES ) ( 2002 )Transforming Youth Work – resourcing first-class young person services,London: Department for Education and Skills/Connexions.Garratt, P. ( 2002 ) Encounters in the new public assistance spheres of the Third Way: societal work, the Connexions bureau and personal advisorsCritical Social Policy, 22 ( 4 ) 596-618Jeffs, T. and Smith, M. K. ( 2001 ) Social exclusion, joined-up thought and individualisation – new labour’s connections schemethe encyclopaedia of informal instruction, hypertext transfer protocol: //www.infed.
org/personaladvisers/connexions_strategy.htm. accessed 15/11/08Smith, M. K. ( 2002 ) Transforming Youth Work – Resourcing first-class young person services. A review,the informal instruction home page, www.infed.org/youthwork/transforming_youth_work_2.
htm. accessed 15/11/08Watts A. G. ( 2001 ) Career counsel and societal exclusion: a prophylactic narrativeBritish Journal of Guidance & A ; Reding, 29 ( 2 ) 157-176Appendix 1 Full citations from interviewa. “I was working in the young person Centre before it became Connexions.
Back so when you worked with the childs, it was approximately freedom to make what you felt like within the usual societal boundaries and courtesies. Now you have to acquire them engaged and produce an terminal merchandise. You have to present socially included young persons into the work force. I don’t feel like a young person worker any more ; I’m a facilitator for instruction which is merely a fancy word for a instructor. I ne’er wanted to be a instructor. That’s non what I signed up for. I feel like the land has shifted underneath me and now I’m a portion of the establishment.”B.
“People talk about the immature people being socially excluded and what they don’t take into history is that many of those childs have intentionally excluded themselves and hold refused to purchase into society because they object to its ideals. This scheme is coercing them to be included, it is patronizing and it’s doing us portion of the constitution and no longer attractive to the immature people we should be here for.”c. “It’s pathetic to anticipate us to be able to run into marks. We have to acquire 25 % of the young person population to come to the young person Centre, how make you make that? You can’t drag them off the street, it’s supposed to be voluntary engagement. And so we have to acquire 60 % of those immature people to subscribe up to some kind of commissioned class.
Young people come into a young person Centre anticipating to socialize, to happen their ain infinite without being controlled by grownups or dictated to like they are at place or school or how they might anticipate to be treated in a occupation. And so we are supposed to leap on them with mark up for this, survey for that, and it’s like they’re back in school. It’s non voluntary any longer, it’s merely the instruction system in camouflage. And so that stops the childs from desiring to come along.
Targets cut down people to Numberss. It becomes impersonal and hence uncaring.”d. “The Connexions scheme is experimental psychological science. It hasn’t been decently tested and there are so many cardinal defects in it. The childs now are guinea hogs in one immense experiment. It’s like that in instruction anyhow but they don’t take into history the harm that can be done.
When people are already disaffected and disengaged, utilizing something that is traveling to drive them further off is a large mistake.”e. “We used to take childs on trips, acquire them to organize the whole thing themselves and all that readying was experience for them.
We did things like adorning an orphanhood in Romania. That was life changing, that is something which stays with you for the remainder of your life. It’s stayed with me decidedly and sometimes I meet one of those childs now they’re grownups and they still talk about it. But how do you recognize that? Life doesn’t come in orderly small boxes that you tick off a list. You might be able to make that with some accomplishments but you can’t do a individual into a valuable citizen by clicking their boxes. It’s the same with the young person work making itself, you can acquire person who looks excellent on paper but who is a awful young person worker because they don’t handle the childs like human existences.
Some of the workers we get in now seem to hold this mentality of run intoing marks and clicking boxes, and I’m certain that’s because they’ve been through this accreditation system themselves. It’s all a large machine to them.”f.
“I’ve been experiencing more and more recently like I should go forth the occupation and travel someplace else. I could acquire work in other countries of societal attention but I’ve a feeling that it’s traveling to be the same kind of thing wherever I go so I’d have to hold a complete calling alteration and travel to work in retail or factory work or something. That would intend me retraining which I’m non averse to, but it would besides do me experience like I was allowing the childs down. I went into this occupation as a career, because I love the work, I love the childs, non merely for a occupation to gain money. And if I left now so I’d feel like I was giving in to the system and go forthing the childs to fend for themselves.
That’s non a good feeling.”