Despite the many positive things that can be said to support the issue of surrogate motherhood, there are also numerous others that oppose it. To begin with, there is the issue of legality of parenthood.
This is usually in question especially when the surrogate mother decides not to honor the arrangement and decides that she wants the child for herself. Since these arrangements are mostly informal with no involvement of the law, then it may be possible for an individual to back out of the agreement and the person requiring the child having no ay of legal redress.There is also the legal issue of who is the legal parent of such a child and in case of legal dispute the courts have a difficult time trying to decide such cases.
In the case of Buzzanca vs Buzzanca in 1998, concerning the parentage of Jaycee B. there were two different rulings. The case was between an infertile couple who had contracted a surrogate mother to get a child on their behalf. However, the couple did not donate the sperm and egg since they were from anonymous sources. When the case was brought to the court, the judge ruled that the legal parents of the child were the anonymous sperm and egg donors.
The child was to remain a legal orphan for three years while the couple took the case back to court and the court of appeal granted them parental rights over the child (Maule L. S. & Schmid K.
2006). There is also the issue of the psychological impact the revelation of the manner of conception will have on the child (Nekkebroek J. Bonduelle M.
& Ponjaert-Kristoffersen I. ). There is the worry that the child’s wellbeing is affected negatively when he or she learns that the method of conception was artificial.
There are a lot of questions that the child will have about it and this may be hard to explain. There is also a problem concerning at which age is the child ready for the issue to be raised. Since it cannot be a neighborhood secret, people are bound to know and hence through talk lead the child to know.
The issue is when the parents should tell the child because in the long-run they will know from other sources including close relatives. With the women liberalization, came a section of women who raise awareness concerning women issues.They came up with the idea of ‘global sisterhood’ that joins women from all over the world and discusses issues that affect them and how to help each other overcome the problems that they face and in the process empower women to become a force to recon with. However, there is also the issue of feminism that came up from the liberalization of women and it has brought with it a breed of women who would like to completely disassociate themselves from the men. These women prefer to be single parents and get children through artificial insemination instead of going through the normal process of conception (Purewal S.& Van Den Akker O. June 2007).
There are those who see the process of pregnancy and childbirth as undermining women power and this has captured so much of their attention as to hinder progress in other areas (Gupta J. A. 2006).
The excitement over the ability of a woman to get a child without going through the traditional process has taken over the women in the developed world and in the process they have forgotten the women in underdeveloped countries have other problems that also need to be addressed.It is therefore seen as relegating other important issues concerning women to the back while taking all the attention and resources. In conclusion, the issue of surrogate motherhood has many opinions both for and against it. However, no one can deny the fact that it has enabled many childless couples get children of their own. It has also provided an avenue for people who have a different sexual orientation to be able to get children who have their genes. There are still some areas where research has to be done especially on legal issues.The possibility of this issue being incorporated in the laws so as to have the arrangements done in a legal way to ensure that the people concerned in the arrangement are all legally protected from fraud (Rothman B. K.
2008).References1. Franklin S. Dec. 2006, Origin Stories Revisited: IVF as an Anthropological Project, Culture Medicine and Psychiatry Vol. 30 Gupta J. A.
Feb 2006, Towards Transnational Feminisms: Some Reflections and Concerns in Relation to the Globalization of Reproductive Technologies,