Area of Study Control

Control is how much power a group or individual has over a specific situation. It is a fundamental element of life and can display itself in both positive and negative ways. In saying that, negative forms of control are ever-present while positive forms are much more difficult to sustain. Nineteen Eighty Four by George Orwell, China??™s All-out War Against Internet Freedom by Lin Xiaofan and Into the Wild by Sean Penn explore this. Repression and authority illustrate how control can be shown negatively while freedom highlights how control can have a positive influence.In both 1984 and CAOWAIF, control is highlighted negatively through repression. Repression occurs when a group or individual has minimal freedom and is forced to conform on certain topics, thus eliminating individuality. Orwell presents this idea in 1984 through the Party by highlighting how the members are repressed and act like a single body.

This is shown in the description: ???Marching forward in perfect unity, all thinking the same thoughts and shouting the same slogans.” One of the ways the Party achieves this is by the introduction of Newspeak. Newspeak abolishes any words that make it possible to counteract the control of the Party. As presented in the novel, ???The purpose of Newspeak was ??¦ to make all other modes of thought impossible.” Similarly, repression is present in CAOWAIF, wherein the author, Lin Xiaofan, writes of the Chinese government who keep their country repressed by not allowing them access to specific websites. The government is effectively depriving the general public the freedom of independent thought. Emotive language is used in the article to highlight that repression is present.

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Powerful, controlling words such as ???war against freedom???, ???forced??? and ???silencing??? illustrate this. While repression is an inevitable component of society in small amounts, the excessive use in 1984 and CAOWAIF is an example of negative manifestation of control.Authoritative control involves an imposing figure having power over others.

The authority figure uses their control to force others to conform to their demands, leading to a negative effect on those being controlled. In George Orwell??™s 1984, the Party have total authority over their subjects by controlling how society functions. Symbolism is used to highlight this as Big Brother is the symbol of authority, fear and discipline. This is illustrated when ???Big Brother seemed to tower up, an invincible, fearless protector, standing like a rock against the hordes of Asia???. Lin Xiaofan??™s CAOWAIF also addresses a controlling, authoritative force; the Chinese government. The article highlights the negative complications that arise from having a supreme authority figure ruling a society, as any hope of freedom for the general public is lost. Amongst public protests in a Chinese province, the government decided to ???leave the region cut off from the world for six months???.

Alliteration is used to highlight the effect of the authoritative figure in CAOWAIF. An alliterative device is placed on ???fleeting freedom??? to demonstrate how little freedom is left in China. An authority figure doesn??™t necessarily have to be a government, a group or an individual. Sean Penn successfully illustrates this in ITW. In Christopher McCandless??™ bid to escape control and to ???no longer be poisoned by civilisation???, he discovers that someone or something will always have power over him. After travelling to Alaska to ???be all the way out there. Just on my own???, Chris realises that there will always be an influential authoritative force, in his case nature.

Despite there not being a government, parent or teacher, nature had authority over him as it essentially controlled if he survived or perished. Upon Chris realising this, Penn uses long shots to illustrate how small and insignificant Chris is against the unrelenting nature. Authority is an ever-present element of life, which, when negatively displayed, depletes all autonomy from an individual??™s life.While control usually manifests itself in negative ways, it can be seen having a positive sway over a situation. For an individual to have total control over their life is freedom. In ITW, Chris McCandless travels to Alaska to experience this as he believes without material goods, he will truly be happy. This is shown when he carves into a piece of wood ???No phone.

No pool. No pets. No cigarettes. Ultimate freedom.??? For the majority of the film, Chris experiences freedom which is highlighted by Penn??™s use of clear, high angle camera shots and bright lighting. By contrast, when Chris re-enters civilization and thus loses his ???ultimate freedom???, unfocused, low angle camera shots with poor lighting are used. In a similar way to Chris travelling to Alaska to gain control over himself, Winston seeks out Mr Charrington??™s shop in 1984 to escape the totalitarian society.

Just as Alaska was where Chris gained freedom, Charrington??™s shop is where Winston does the same. He believes that ???So long as they were actually in this room, no harm could come to them ??¦ the room itself was sanctuary???. The apparent change in freedom is illustrated in the change of tone. The tone of 1984 deviates from dull and depressing that Orwell writes in for the majority of the novel to a slightly more energetic tone that is used when Winston is in Charrington??™s room. This highlights that freedom is a positive variant of control. To have total freedom over one??™s actions, thoughts and life is the ultimate control.

In the discussed texts, both positive and negative types of control are addressed. While repression and authority are very negative forms of control, they are always existent in everyday life. On the same note, freedom, which is a way control can positively manifest itself, cannot be achieved absolutely and without interference. Control is a fundamental element of life where the negative aspects are ever-present and the positive features are virtually impossible to obtain and sustain.