Asian parents work to have extremely strong and close family bonds especially with parent children relationships but they have kept a strong level of discipline especially for girls for their children along with high expectations. Gender differences also emerge by the way children have been socialised. While girls are encouraged to help their mother with housework but only a small proportion of boys are expected to do the same.
They are also given toys, girls are given dolls to look after but boys are given toy cars to pull apart. Different behaviour is expected and it is seen as normal for a boy to be boisterous but bad for a girl to be so.Children grow up being the person their parents have taught them to be. The wider family Now a person can expect to live at lest into their seventies with women usually outliving men. There are lots of old widows that live alone but fewer old men.
This results in the growth of three generation families. Old people were often looked up to and powerful, firstly for surviving to an old age but also the oldest male in the family would own all the land, he would remain wealthy until he died. Things have changed and now old age is normal but they rarely have economic power over younger generations and not of a high status.Some people think that old people are abandoned in society. This has an impact on families. Grand parents are able to give more support and care within the family. For example if they live close grandparents can provide childcare in holidays and after school. In the same way the family can look after the grand parents, in practise this is normally the adult daughter’s responsibility.
These women can experience role conflict if the responsibility of the roles of an employee, mother and adult daughter conflict. Fertility and women Women are choosing to have children later in their lives. Some women have fewer children or none at all.There are several reasons for this change in fertility, one being the increasing availability of birth control. Women have the choice to whether they want children at all, and if they do they can decide when and how many. This means that women can plan their families around their lives. More women are furthering their education.
Women can choose to wait until a convenient time until they have left education and built a successful career for themselves or travelled. Another fact is the cost of children, they may wish to wait to be able to afford the expenses of having a child or until they can afford a house to live in.People are tending to want a higher standard of living instead of spending a lot of time and money rearing children. There is a growing decline in religion, which means that there isn’t such disapproval on birth control. The media also show smaller families or couples having children later because of women having careers which makes it more socially acceptable. Probably the most important reason is the changing attitudes to women.
Over this century women have changed their views on their role. Traditionally women would have children and then stay at home as a housewife and look after them.Women see this as just part of their lives, but they also want careers. The result is fewer children and later on in life. All of the reasons listed mean that it is now normal to have only two children in a family.
Cultural expectations mean that large families can be seen as slightly abnormal. The result of lower fertility is that we have an ageing population with a lot of old and middle age people but fewer young people. This means there will be a smaller population. There will be less people to fill jobs and carry on society.