5G is the fifth-generation wirelessbroadband technology that is based on the IEEE802.11acstandard. The network expandability is increased up to hundreds of thousands ofconnections.The signal technology of 5G has also been improved for greater coverage aswell as spectral and signalling efficiency. These improvements stand to furtherenable changes like pervasivecomputing and the Internet of Things (IoT) 1.As 5G is in the stage of development, it is not openfor use by anyone. However, lots of companies have started creating 5G productsand testing them. Many advancements have come from companies like Nokia, Qualcomm,Samsung, etc with upcoming companies forming partnerships and pledging money tocontinue the research in 5G technology and its applications 2.
As the demand for mobile broadband is increasingcontinuously, 5G will become the next major phase in mobile communications standards.Today, the features that are in demand for running new applications that requiremassive broadband capabilities are high network speeds and low latency. So, thedriving forces for the 5G evolution are speed and latency.
Tele-Communication companies like Ericsson and NTTDocomo have predicted that the first 5G networks would arrive by 2020, but forthe deployment of 5G technology it may take until 2030.The expectations of 5G technology are Better and faster coverage: It would be deployed with the help of base stations fixed at small distanced gaps on post lamps etc. unlike 4G where the base stations were placed at fixed positions, for handling cellular traffic over a wide area. This model would enable better coverage and put an end our broadband miseries.Low Latency: Latency is typically the time lag between a packet of data to reach from its source to the designated site. With the advent of 5G, latency should be reduced significantly compared to LTE.
Increased Capacity: Network capacity is the maximum capacity of a network path for sending packets of data from source to destination. While LTE has a theoretical capacity of 100 Mbps, for downloading data and about 50 Mbps for uploading, 5G should be able to bring about better network capacity to meet the increased demand for data and allow seamless connection for services to be run in future.Convenience: 5G is expected to provide new experiences of convenience, backed with ultimate connectivity.
All devices would share information readily and work in sync in order to enhance users’ convenience, entertainment, productivity, etc.Increased Scalability: 5G technology is going to be scalable to extreme variations. It will enhance the existing speed and efficiency by scaling up to connect the Internet of Things and enable new types of services 3.The future enhancement of 5G technology is with the incorporationof Nano-core integrated with artificial intelligence(AI).
Also, 6G technology,6Gnetwork, 6G wiki, etc are getting familiar with the evolution of new mobiletechnologies. After 5G is adopted, 6G will come into the mobile world. 6G willinclude the relevant technologies that is out of scope in 5G technology 4.For example, users may demand and expect massive global coverage, highercapacities, etc and 6G will be expected to include all these demands of theusers.Many of the cellular devices connected nowadays are machines (IoT) ratherthan people, with the rise of Smart Homes, Smart Building and Smart Cities, so5G and 6G will include increased demands for machine-to-machine communications,including robotic and autonomous drone delivery and transport systems. TheInternet-of-Everything (IoE) is a related development 5.
REFERENCES1 http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/5G2 https://www.techworld.com/apps-wearables/what-is-5g-everything-you-need-know-about-5g-3634921/3 http://www.codeyeti.com/5g-technology-future-scope/4https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t=j==s=web=4=rja=8=0ahUKEwjjxIjjyNzYAhWHtpQKHVziAMAQFgg6MAM=http%3A%2F%2Fijcsit.com%2Fdocs%2FVolume%25205%2Fvol5issue06%2Fijcsit20140506314.pdf=AOvVaw1v0YJEo3_-AzDGGkHCxBcd5 http://www.cablefree.net/wireless-technology/4g-lte-beyond-5g-roadmap-6g-beyond/