A new conceptcalled ‘Human Resource Management’ – a modern version of what usedto be called as personnel management was born inthe 1980’s. Prior to that, the field was generally known as “personneladministration (management)”, which was mainly concerned the technicalaspects of hiring, evaluating, training, and compensating of employees and wasvery much of “staff” function in most organizations, did notnormally focus on the relationship of disparate employment practices on overallorganizational performance or on the systematic relationships among suchpractices and also lacked a unifying paradigm. Throughout history, humanresource management has changed in name, mainly due to the changes in socialand economic activities. HRM came to counter balance these trendsand to consider the concept of the Man as a Man and not as a machine.
There are number of models that havebeen postulated by various scholars to describe the HRM concept: The HarvardModel – was postulated by Beer et al (1984) at Harvard University; The Michigan model – was propounded by Fombrun Tichyand Devanna (1984) – at the Michigan Business School; The Guest model – waspropounded by David Guest in 1987; Model by John Sorey (1989) etc. Importance of engagement, culture and technology for businesses isincreasing. As these priorities shift, so has the role of HR across manyindustries.
HR teamis one of the most important pillars in modernbusiness, which is responsible for ensuring the right people are hired,managed and tasked with helping business grow and develop. Since HR serves as animportant role, it is essential for HR professional to have the skills requiredto hire and help employees succeed in their jobs. The job of Human Resourcestoday is to make people and organizations grow. Which knowledge, skills and behaviorsrequired by HR professionals? The CIPD Profession Map sets outstandards for HR professionals around the world: the activities, knowledge andbehaviours needed for success: Professional zones in CIPD framework areorganisation design, organisation development, resourcing and talentplanning, learning and development, performance and reward, employee engagement,employee relations, service delivery and information.
The CIPD model includes the followingcompetences necessary for HR professionals: – role model (to set an example with the actions, observingbalance of private, organizational and legal interests);- inquisitiveness;- resolute thinker (capability quickly to analyze andunderstand information volumes within duties);- ability to influence;- enjoy confidence (ability by means of the professionalism,combining business and HR examination, to add value to the work, organizationactivity, colleagues);- cooperate;- capability to work for result;- readiness for changes.