ABSTRACT:Wondering how you’re going to use your English in the realworld? Learning English is more about knowing how to reach people’s heart andmaking them understand your reasoning than just reviewing vocabulary andgrammar. You need to know how to actually use the language, and to know howothers use it. Luckily, there’s a way to learn English thatwill help you with both of these things: ‘immersion’.As kids we were alltold that English is a must-learn language and that the whole world knows it.
Those who knew English used to show off their communication skills therebyconsidering themselves as worthy competitors. Knowing English meant everything.Luckily our school was of English medium and we had to learn it anyways.Eventually it became something very common and a part of my life. This article reviews indetail about the benefits of immersion technique and how it has gained momentumin the past ten years. We will also look into some of the Immersion programsoffered in universities and other organisations and how they help inutilizing the principles of immersion to make the entire learning process funand much more easier.
KEYWORDS:Immersion technique, Bilingualism,Immersion programs, Language development, Immersion school benefits, Duallanguage learning INTRODUCTION:The Immersion Method: It is a more natural way of learning alanguage and also one of the efficient way of learning a second language i.e; alanguage other than one’s mother tongue or a foreign language. Not only does ithelp you learn real-world language skills but also makes learning fun! It alsomakes learning easier, because you can learn the language in a way that relatesto your own life and experiences.
This makes the language feel more relevantand provides more motivation to learn.For example, if youwant to use your English in business ideals, maybe you would prefer to learnfrom real business audio rather than taking an English course. If you’regetting bored learning random food vocabulary, maybe you would rather learnthat vocabulary from an English-language television program about cooking. Ormaybe you would just like to converse about different topics with a tutor inEnglish, instead of sitting inside a classroom all day. No matter what your English-learninggoals are, immersion can help you to achieve them.Immersion means being involved in depth or submergedby something.
In this case the language being learnt is constantly used in adaily basis alongside the individual’s first language. This occurswhen a learner, willingly or unwillingly, finds himselfor herselfin a new environment and must quickly adapt in order tosurvive. One simple example is of an individual who is put into a new surroundingwith absolutely no idea about the culture or the language. This reminds me of astudent from Bihar who showed up in my Tamil (second language) class knowing nothingabout the language. It was surprising to see that in a few short weeks she wascommunicating clearly.Bilingualismdevelops more easily, the earlier the second language is introduced. A child’sbrain is in sync to the language acquisition and development. It is capable of installing,processing, analysing and differentiating the various sounds, rhythms andtunes.
This makes learning easier and kids are able to analyse a secondlanguage in barely identical method as they learnt their first.PURPOSE:One way of looking at immersion is that it’s a way of joining the cultureof the language that you’re learning. In the case of English, you may useimmersion by watching English movies,reading English-language books andmagazines and even eating foodfrom English-speaking countries. This might help give you exposure(access and experience) beyond textbook exercises.Today,learning foreign languages is a necessity for everyone, particularly for our youth who will eventually be workingin the other communities. The standard method of language learning does notgive very satisfying results. Therefore, we should envision immersion asanother way as it not only makes us perceive the entire concept thoroughly butits results are also long-lasting. The successfulacquisition of a foreign language depends on the subsequent three factors: The intensity of contact – the language in means of communication, interaction, and part of socialisation and whether or not it covers all potential aspects of life.
The length of teaching – this must to be guaranteed over an extended amount of time (6-7 years). Mode of teaching.The immersionmethod has proved to be the most successful in all three areas. SomeCommon questions regarding Immersion: 1) Do I need to go anywhere? Anylanguage learner will tell you that they learn best when they use the languageday and night. But is it really necessary for you to travel to another area ifyou want to learn through immersion? Well according to me, travelling canundoubtedly facilitate, but no, you needn’t go anywhere. You can use immersionwithout ever leaving your native land. The web has made it possible for us toexperience the world around us without leaving our desks. For example, if youhave access to YouTube, you can search for movies, television shows andcommercials from countries all over the world.
It’s not necessary to leave yourhome for immersion, but if you do have a chance to travel to anEnglish-speaking country, don’t pass it up. Nothing helps you learn more thanbeing around native English speakers. 2) Does it cost money? It doesn’t haveto. If you already have internet access, you don’t have to pay anything extrato watch some English-speaking programs. You can even make videos your main wayof learning by using FluentU. FluentU is a monthly subscription site which provides language immersion through native videos. It takesreal-world videos like music videos, film trailers, advertisements, chats,media interactions and inspiring talks and turns them into personalizedlanguage learning lessons.
PROJECT DESCRIPTION: 1) Surveyon the immersion programs in India: InIndia the official languages are Hindi and English. The British colony legacyhad led to English being the primary language for government, business, tradeand education. According to the InternationalJournal of Indian Psychology, although Hindi is taught as a primarylanguage in North India, it is slowly being displaced by English. In theSouthern states, the medium of instruction in schools is both the statelanguage and English, with Hindi taking on the third language status. Again inthe south, English immersion models in schools have been brought into effect.Whereas most of the urban private schools in the country offer an Englishimmersion program, the government schools offer native language instruction. 2) The different types of formalimmersion programs offered around the world: · Certain programs, like from the BostonLanguage Institute, allow you to choose between group immersion or privateimmersion. Other programs, like Cornell University’s Summer College program,offer college credit.
· Many other formal immersion programsalso embody a homestay option, which gives you a chance to live with anEnglish-speaking family and experience the culture. · ESL students are expected to learn varioussubjects through immersion. Immigrant students who attend native colleges findthemselves in an immersion situation; for instance, the refugee children fromBosnia attending German schools, or Puerto Ricans in American schools. SUPPORT AND COST NEEDED: A.
Ways of practising immersion onyour own: 1) Take cultural field trips: · Look for English restaurants, stores andclubs near your area. If you reside in a country where English is not thedominant language, rummage around for tourist areas. English speakers love totravel, and many countries have dedicated areas where they meet. Restaurantsand stores in these areas will have menus which offer a variety of cuisines tomake travellers more comfortable. Several staffs in these restaurants andstores will know English. Visit theselocations and practice ordering and asking about other products in English.
· In addition, some organizations, such aschurches, may hold some conferences and services in English if there is a hugegathering of English speakers in the area. 2) Plan immersion days: Animmersion day goes one step beyond the cultural field trip. It is especially agood choice if there are not many major English-speaking areas in yourlocality.
Decide ahead of time that you’ll only listen to and speak in Englishfor one full day. It will be uncomfortable, however at the end of the day,you’ll be happy that you accepted the challenge. 3) Findan online tutor for conversation practice: Forthe purposes of immersion, you need to finda tutor who will communicate with you in English most of the time. Italki and many other online sites willgive you an advanced search option to find the right tutor.
You can select atutor among many who can teach the language you’re learning, in this caseEnglish. Since online tutoring is done through platforms like Skype, you can have notes in front ofyou to help you speak during your practise sessions. The best thing aboutonline tutors is that they often charge very little for the time theycommunicate with you in English. Fig1:Statistical analysis of the time taken by each method in reaching fluency of alanguage.
4) Spend some time Abroad : Many language learners enjoy Couchsurfing.You can meet people and stay anywhere in the world for little to no cost.You’ll make new friends and learn a great deal about English communicationskills. 5) Takean Immersion Class: The best wayto immerse yourself is to look for a course in your area that’s 100% inEnglish. There has been an increase in the number of immersion programs offeredby institutions, certain organisations and NGOs in the past few years.
If ucome across any in your society, then I gladly suggest you to go ahead with it.You will learn better when you are exposed to a surrounding were there areothers who have the same purpose like you. You may even make somenew English-speaking friends at the same time. Fig 2: Statistical growth in the number of Immersion programsoffered by institutions over the past four decades.B. Conducting an immersion program inschool or other institutions: There are a variety of ways in which immersionprograms can be enacted. Some are called full immersion, in which the teacherspeaks only in English and the student’s native language is not considered. Theother approach is called the sink-or-swim approach is often discouraging andfrustrating to the children.
Therefore what is preferred is a partial immersionprogram, which acknowledges the child’s home language and at the same timegives emphasis to English. Immersion teachers shouldclearly understand the content which needs to be taught at every grade level.They should systematically weave together familiar language with new words andphrases, so that students continually develop their language proficiency.
Inthis way, language acquisition in an immersion program represents the naturallearning curve for a first language, in which a child is is taught to framesentences from unfamiliar words and letters. While immersion takes place in aschool or daycare environment, the role of home is just as important. Studentswho concentrate only on English and don’t give equal importance to their nativelanguage are later unable to keep up with their friends. Majority of a child’s vocabularyis discovered at home.
If a child’s home language is ignored, once they reachkindergarten-level English proficiency, their vocabulary will not expand ineither language. That’s why it’s necessary to continue teaching the child’snative language as well as English, be that at home or in special classes takenafter school.The role of parents: A parent’s role in their child’slanguage development is infinitely important, no matter what language theirchild is learning. Parents should attempt to make connections with the tutor tosee how it is working.
They should try and contact their child’s school aboutresources like translators who can act as a go-between at parent-teachermeetings. So learning multiple languages need not be difficult for your childprovided they have the right learning environment.The benefits of learning English through Immersion: 1) You’ll have a chanceto learn about another culture: Usingimmersion will help you learn about the culture of the language you’restudying. English is a language with a wide variety of cultures. 2) You’ll overcomeinsecurities: Locals are often happy tosee someone attempt to learn their native language. It shows that you careabout them enough to work to communicate with them. 3) You’ll exercise yourmind and learn faster: A study reported by PsychologyToday showed that children in secondlanguage immersion courses perform better than students who aren’t in thosecourses. Students showed cognitive improvement.
The best way to master a secondlanguage is by using it. That’s what immersion will help you to do. 4) You’ll learn like anative: Slang and spoken language are a bigpart of sounding natural when you speak. CONCLUSION:In the pastten years, the number of dual language learners has increased in classroomsacross the world, and so much new research about how best to teach thesechildren has come to the forefront.Two schools of thought have emerged fromthis research: immersion and dual language learning.Immersion schoolbenefits have been studied for years, while the benefits of dual languagelearning are still being analysed. That being said, programs in which the twopractices overlap tend to have the best results.
Benefits of immersion programsthat feature dual language learning include speed and the ability to makeconnections between both languages. Through thisarticle I want to convey the fact that Immersion does not require anyparticular talent and is suitable for all children and all social backgrounds.It promotes the cognitive development of children and is the method forlearning languages that leads to attaining a far higher level in the foreignlanguage than through conventional language courses.
Now, go ahead and immerseyourself in a new language and spread the joy of learning to everyone aroundyou. REFERENCES:1) Immersion Technique, Jeff Shore- Sales keynote speakerand author, jeffshore.com2) English Immersion Program, users.skynet.be3) The Immersion method, All About Educare, www.educare.de4) Language teaching method, esl.fis.edu5) Immersion teaching-successful approaches, ChrisLivaccari, mobile.edweek.org6) Immersionprogramme, teachingenglish.org7) International Journal of IndianPsychology, a book on Immersion8) Fiveeffective ways to learn English, www.fluentu.com9) Immersionschool benefits, www.gryphonhouse.com