AbstractNDP, more commonly known as Narcissistic Personality Disorder, will be broken down into parts as a way of delving into each area of this complex disorder. It is a mental disease that makes people view themselves as superior to all others, and that they therefore deserve constant praise. Though the causes for NDP are not concise, this paper will explore the genetic and environmental factors that play a key role in its development.
The symptoms of narcissism are all associated with the elevated sense of importance that all narcissists have, possibly a facade for their own fragile self-esteem. This care for one’s self, and one’s self only, can have effects on both the narcissist and the people around them. Keywords: environment, genetics, elevated sense of importance, fragile self-esteemNarcissistic/Histrionic Personality Disorder Narcissistic personality disorder or NPD is the want for attention, the need for praise from those who surround them, and the absence of feeling for others (Narcissistic Personality Disorder, 2017). According to Mayo Clinic (2017), the disorder is found more commonly in men than women and first seen in early adult years. Selfishness may also be a key factor because people with this disorder will always put themselves above others in most situations. On the exterior a narcissist’s self-esteem may appear to be sturdy, but looking under the surface their self-esteem is so fragile (Narcissistic Personality Disorder, 2017). To protect their self-esteem they will deny their flaws and refute those who try and prove them wrong. They want to appear stronger than everyone else and be acknowledged for their achievements to know that others see them as superior.
Defeat is something they cannot tolerate, to be defeated means they are not as great as they believe themselves to be. When they are exposed for who they truly are the results could be massive. Tiptoeing around the fragile self-esteem of these individuals is not always the easiest action because those with this disorder make it difficult to want to help them (Mayo Clinic, 2017).Causes Unfortunately, the root of narcissism and personality disorder is highly complicated thus there is no one cause. It has been found that the environment and genetics play a major role in the development of this psychological disorder (Mayo Clinic, 2017). Though each case has different origins, narcissism is usually a result of certain parenting styles. Authoritarian, neglectful, and indulgent parenting are all potential causes for this conceited disorder that plagues six percent of the U.S’s population (Narcissistic Personality Disorder, 2017).
Parenting Gone Wrong Often times, the development of narcissism is fueled by how parents raise their children. For instance, if a parent over exaggerates the praise of a child excessively, the child can grow up to always seek that praise and have too high a self esteem that actually negatively impacts them. This inflation of ego is not healthy for kids which is why they must be taught how to empathize. This mental disease can also be a product of ignorant and or abusive parenting since the individual learns to be self-centered, almost as if it were a survival instinct (Goldberg, 2017).Hitler Because the causes for NPD are not fully understood, Adolf Hitler, German dictator during World War 1, will be examined for his case of inflated ego. This maniac is held responsible for the slaughter of millions of innocent lives on the basis that those that did not meet his standards for the perfect German race were to be eliminated. Though little is known from his childhood, it is known that he was a particularly frail child and had a physically abusive relationship with his father. Hitler’s narcissism was fueled by wretched parenting thus explaining his violent and unforgivable actions (Diamond, 2014).
Symptoms The symptoms of narcissism vary among different groups, as does the severity of each symptom. However, the symptoms for the majority suffering from narcissism tend to be similar, always involving an over-inflated sense of self and a compulsive need to be admired and seen as superior to others. It more often afflicts males instead of females, most commonly beginning in the adolescent years. Those who are narcissistic believe in their own superiority and that personally, they are entitled to special treatment. They only associate themselves with people who are gifted or otherwise unique in any way (Narcissistic Personality Disorder, 2017).
Sense of Self Those affected by narcissism exaggerate their own value, not only to those around them, but also to the entire world. Though they view themselves as above others, they still require admiration and constant affirmation that they are superior, affecting their family members more than anybody else. This may seem ironic, but those with narcissism usually believe that everyone around them has to value them to prove that they are really superior, showing their fragile self-esteem. Those that perceive humiliation or apparent insult, can lash out or even harm the person criticizing them. These narcissists believe they are unique in all aspects and that only certain people can understand or appreciate them (Narcissistic Personality Disorder, 2017). Even if the person has no achievements to show that he/she is better, the narcissist will argue his/her supremacy by exaggerating true capabilities or talents (Mayo Clinic, 2017). How Behavior Affects Others Narcissists are inconsiderate of those around them because they are purely focused on themselves. They lack empathy and disregard the feelings of others completely.
Because narcissists are unable to consider the feelings of others, they will take advantage of others and destroy what those people have worked for, in order to advance themselves or to prevent that group or individual from getting recognition. Because they see themselves as the preeminent force to everything around them, they will dominate conversations or mock people who are apparently inferior. Without doubt, they expect compliance from all around them and only interact positively with people they view as on par with them. They will become obsessed with fantasies about their own power or brilliance, with very few other people involved, with the possible exception of a perfect mate (Mayo Clinic).Conclusion Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), is the constant demand of attention and praise one needs to gain self-confidence.
Individuals that undergo this disorder often want to achieve self-esteem enhancement. Narcissists may appear to have high confidence, but always have self doubt within themselves. Narcissism had no specific cause but is a common result of genetics and bad parenting. If one is raised with extreme praising, then he/she is very likely to develop this disorder. Narcissism affects people in different ways. People experiencing this disorder have a high tendency to seek admiration.
They view themselves to be of more greater worth than others. Although they feel superior, narcissists need to be praised and given attention. A narcissist’s biggest fear is to feel ordinary. Narcissism personality disorder is something that can last a few years or even a lifetime depending on each individual. It can be treated through therapy and support groups. To live with this disorder, one needs continual recognition, commendation, and adoration.