Advents of 1917 were the ones which that provided decisive power towards finishing the ongoing war. The naval blockade by Britain started having some serious impacts over the Germans. In it’s answer, in February of 1917, the German General Staff convinced Chancellor Theobald to announce unrestricted warfare of submarines, in-order to starve out the Britains from the war. In august, the newly created convoy system was used for the first time which later on proved to be very successful in easily eliminating the U-boat risk.
British were saved from starvation, whereas on the other hand, industrial output of Germans fell and the United States came into the war far earlier than the Germans had expected.On the 3rd of May 1917, while the Nivelle Offensive was going on, 2nd Colonial Division of French started to refuse the direct orders given to them by arriving wasted and not with their weapons. These Mutinies of French Army ultimately spread to more French divisions and led to almost 20,100 men desert. But, by performing them appeal to their patriotism and duty, along with the large number of arrests and tests, were encouraged to the point at which they once again started guarding their trenches.The Central Power’s victory at the Battle of Caporetto led the Allies to the formation of Supreme War Council in order to make and execute the future plans.In December, a truce was made between Russia and the Central Powers, resulting in freeing of vast number of German army which could be used on the west front. The Central Powers were aware with the fact that they can not win a protracted war, but they had in their minds high hopes for victory based on a last quick attack. More so ever, in Europe revolution started to spread and tension and confusion among the people of both sides also started to increase.
Thus, both sides really wanted to have a fast clear cut victory.