Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaah; Ahl as Sunnah wa’l Jama’ah A Muslim movement founded in India in the 1880s by Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi, literally ‘People of the way of The Prophet and the Muslim Community’.
ahlul bayt (see ahl al-bayt).
?khirah hereafter or eternal life
Akhl?q The practice of virtue. Morals.
Al-Ikhl?? Sincerity and genuineness in religious beliefs.
Al-Bir Piety and righteousness and every act of obedience to Allah.
?lam?n Literally “worlds”, humankind, jinn, angels and all that exists.
Al Hijr ( within Al Kaaba) A semi-circular wall north-west of Kaaba.
ahlur rushd Discerning people.
Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (780–855 ce) A notable Islamic scholar from Baghdad, founder of the Hanbali school of jurisprudence (fiqh).
Aishah bint Abu Bakr Second, and youngest, wife of the Prophet Muhammad and daughter of Abu Bakr, the marriage taking place after the death of Muhammad’s first wife Khadijah bint Khuwaylid. An expert in medicine, history and rhetoric, Aisha is usually considered Muhammad’s favourite wife. When accused of adultery, Muhammad received a revelation exonerating her. She was with Muhammad when he died, and after his death led a rebel army at the Battle of Bassorah (alt. Battle of the Camel, Battle of Jamal) against the Caliphate of Ali ibn Abi Talib, which she lost. This was the first war between two armies of Muslims. She is generally viewed positively by Sunnis for being Muhammad’s favourite wife, but negatively by Shi’ites for her role in stirring up inter-Muslim hostility.
ajal The time of death that Allah has predetermined for each individual, on which human individuals have no influence.
ajir al-khas, al- A person hired or employed to perform a job for a certain amount of time.
ajir al-mushtarak, al- A worker who is not employed by any one employer and can therefore work for multiple temporary employers, even simultaneously.
ajr Fees, wages, compensation. The price paid by the hirer in an ijarah (lease) contract.
ajr al-mithl (see ajrul mithl).
ajrul mithl, al-ajr al-mithl Payment based on the going rate in the community in which the payable service is performed.
akhirah The hereafter, the afterlife. A person’s conduct in life will determine whether akhirah means heaven or hell, as decided by Allah.
akhras A person who cannot speak, a mute person.
akl al-suht The illegitimate acquisition of wealth.