Anu does Atticus teach Scout about human nature

Anu Sidhu Mrs. FraizerEnglish Period: 3January 30 2018Reading Guide #1Part 1 – Chapters 1-7 Comprehension (3 points each; except #1, which is worth 6 points)1.      Describe the town of Maycomb. What is the general pace of life in the town? What are the prevailing faith, poli­tics, and social customs of the residents? Maycomb is a small town, everyone knows everyone. It is quiet and hot. Kids play out in the street and adults wander about looking for jobs or working. There is a lot of racial discrimination in the town. People nonchalantly talk about people of color as if they were inferior to them. 2.      What does Atticus teach Scout about human nature toward the end of Chapter 3? At the end of chapter 3 Atticus is trying to get Scout to go back to school. He says that she shouldn’t judge Miss Caroline for not knowing Walter Cunningham wouldn’t take the quarter because he couldn’t pay her back. He teaches her not to judge anyone until you’ve seen things from their point of view or walked in their shoes. 3.      What rumors about Boo Radley circulate among the residents of Maycomb/children? Multiple rumors about Boo Radley are circulating among the children. One that is brought up by Jem is that he is actually dead and that his parents shoved him up the chimney. Another one is that he only comes out at night when everyone is asleep and if people’s azalea’s were frozen it was because he breathed on them at night. The last one that was popular among the school kids was that if you ate a pecan that fell off the Radley’s pecan tree you would die. “Radley pecans would kill you” 4.      To what is the narrator alluding when she says that Maycomb County “had recently been told that it had nothing to fear but fear itself”? She is alluding at Franklin D. Roosevelt’s famous inauguration speech. He gave this speech after running against Herbert Hoover who was the president during the Great Depression. After Herbert Hoover was  president people felt he didn’t do much to pull the country out of the Great Depression and this is why Lee says the people in the town had hope because there was a new president in office.   Analysis (5 points each)5.      How is Arthur “Boo” Radley characterized, and what techniques does Lee use to characterize him in this way?In the beginning of Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird Boo Radley is a common topic among the children. In the book the children are scared of the Radley household. Scout, the main character of the story, describes Boo Radley as ¨”Inside the house lived a malevolent phantom. People knew he existed, but Jem and I had never seen him. People said he only went out at night when the moon was down, and peeped into people’s windows. When people’s azaleas froze in a cold snap, it was because he had breathed on them.” (Lee, 10) Evaluation (10 points each)6.      How effectively is Lee employing her first-person narrator? What does the adult narrator contribute to the overall impact of the novel? Lee’s use of first-person narration is very impactful in her novel, To Kill a Mockingbird. It lets the reader understand the thinking of the main character whereas if it was third person narrator the story would not be as impactful. An example of this is when Scout is having lunch with Walter Cunningham and she states “She stood waiting for Walter to help himself. Walter poured his syrup on his vegetables and meat with a generous hand. He probably would’ve poured it into his milk glass had I not asked him what in the sam hill he was doing” (Lee, 32) In this quote it shows how having the main character narrating the book lets the reader know exactly what the characters thoughts are. It is unfiltered and exactly how the author wants the reader to interpret the book, instead of having a third person saying something like “Walter poured syrup on his food and the scout asked what he was doing”. The narration engages the reader and makes it as if they were really in the story alongside Jem, Atticus and Scout watching Walter. Having Scout’s adult self narrate adds emphasis to the book. If it was Scout herself then the book would be very bland and not very descriptive. Having the older version of Scout tell the story like she was recalling a memory lets the reader see the unbiased perspective of 5 year old while also being able to have the story be engaging for the reader.7.      Is the part of the novel about Boo Radley significant? Why or why not? The part about Boo Radley is a significant part of the book. Boo Radley is a common topic among many of the people in town. The conversations about him show the mentality of the people in the town. Many people in the town are extremely superstitious and will believe anything that doesn’t already have an existing explanation. For example, when Jem states “I don’t think he’s still in there. He died years ago and they shoved him up the chimney.” (Lee, 51) This shows how quick people in Maycomb especially the children are at making up ridiculous stories to explain why Boo Radley never came out of the house. Adults in Maycomb are just as naive. Many of the adults are just as close minded as the adults. An example of like this is Mrs. Stephanie Crawford. In the book it states that Jem got all his outrageous stories from her. Another example is when it talks about how there was a string of crimes and people’s animals were being mutilated and eaten. People found out who it actually was, Crazy Addie, but still thought that it was Boo Radley. People’s need to be right clouds there judgement, I think that this will help set up the coming events in the story   Chapter 1:Piety- Being religious or being devoted to a faithUnsullied- FlawlessChapter 2:Revelations- surprising factVexation-to be annoyedChapter 3:Expounding-to explain and idea or thoughtCondescension-to patronize or belittle, think highly of yourself Chapter 4-Cowardice- being scared or frightenedHot Steam- a superstition that a ghost/unknown entity will suck your soul out of you Chapter 5-Foolhardy- to be recklessTacit- to understand Chapter 6-Collards- a type of cabbage Desolate- deserted or bare, emptyChapter 7-Ascertain- to make sure of Tarnished- damaged, flawed


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