Skinnerwas an influential psychologist, andbehaviorist who constructed the hypothesis of operant conditioning based on thetheory that controlled conduct by resultsmeans the behavior will happenagain. In the classroom, Skinner contendedthat students should be advised immediately of mistakes of their work if theywere to become capable learners (Casas,2002, p. 3). Skinner and his cohorts trustedthat by making teaching and providing information more logical, instructorscould have a plan that could empower them to teach students more efficiently (Casas,2002, p. 26).Albert Bandura is the front-runner of the psychology field. He is outstanding for his hypothesis ofsocial learning and self-efficacy.
Bandura’s social cognitive theoryoffers a dominant model of moral intervention. His model of ethical behavior, self-evaluative responses, and natural impacts workas collaborating elements of each other (Zsolnai, 2016, p. 426).Bandura believed behaviors are an aftereffect of the formation of information asindicated by the point of view of the evaluator who perceives and decipherswhat happens at that exact time.
Perceptionand insight are focal in Bandura’s method (Almeida, 2014, p. 110). Skinner usedthe theory of operant conditioning where learning occurs based on the responsesthat control the consequences. Skinnerused the Skinner box where rats received rewards based on a response. The operant conditioning consists of twoprinciples: reinforcement andpunishment. He also used the Air cribconcept of removing children from the parents for the first developing stagesof their lives.Albert Banduradescribes self-efficacy as confidence in one’s own ability to manage eventsthat impact their lives. In theclassroom, expectations and high self-esteem will not guarantee that studentscan achieve rigorous demands.
The bestenvironment for teaching and learning rigor requires self-efficacy to bebalanced and connected. Academic intolerance can cause the most prominent studentsto burnout from fatigue. Givenopportunities to discover superiorqualities, students are empowered to accept they can succeed (Perron, Gomez,and Testa, 2016, p. 9). Believing inone’s ability to achieve may not alwayslead to success.
Thinking about one’s ability not to perform will probably lead to failure.Skinner andBandura both outcomes were the byproduct of behaviors. Skinner believed individuals responded to ecologicalimpacts, though Bandura believed individuals reacted to objectives and purposesthroughout everyday life. According toBandura, individuals learn by watching others and model their activities or practices(Thomas, 2005). Children may view the results of others remunerated and display similar conduct which builds their want to proceed with specific behavior. Children may observe discipline for response and decrease the wish to continuewith a particular action.