Back Pain: Backpain is very common; approximately everyone has back pain at least once intheir lives. In most cases back painresolves with home treatment and self-care.
Back pain is not usually seriousbut may be uncomfortable and painful. Back pain effect people of any age, it isespecially more common among adults. Experts says that back pain is associatedwith muscles and the way our bones. Usually back pain classify into two typeswhich are acute and chronic. Acute pain is normal pain and last less than sixweeks. Acute pain is of short duration that is directly related to soft tissuedamage such as a sprained ankle which may be caused by a fall or heavy lifting.Back pain that lasts more than three months, the pain itself becomes a disease.Chronic pain is related to nervous system.
Signs and Symptoms: Themain symptom of back pain is pain anywhere on the back, depending on the nervesaffected. While a sign is something other people, such as the doctor detect.Approximately, in all cases signs and symptoms clear up on their own within ashort period. The most common sign and symptoms of back pain are:· Weight loss· Difficulty urination· Pain down the legs· Trauma to your back· Persistent back pain· Urinary incontinence· Inflammation on the back· You loss you bowel control· Numbness around the anus· Elevated body temperature· Pain reaches below the knees· Numbness around the genitals· Numbness around the buttocksCauses of Back Pain: Themost common causes of back pain are strained muscles, strained ligaments and amuscle spasm. Some other causes of back pain are:· Sciatica· Arthritis· Shingles· Bulging disks· Bad mattress· Osteoporosis· Ruptured disks· Sleep disorders· Other infections· Cancer of the spine· Infection of the spine· Cauda equina syndrome· Abnormal curvature of the spineRisk Factors: Arisk factor is something which increases the likelihood of developing adisease. For example, stress significantly raises the risk of developingheadache. Therefore, stress is a risk factor for headache.
The most risk factorsof developing back pain are:· Anxiety· Obesity· Smoking· Pregnancy· Depression· A sedentary lifestyle· A mentally stressful job· Strenuous physical work· Strenuous physical exercise· Gender – more common in femalesDiagnosis and Treatment: Inmost cases, doctors diagnose back pain after carrying out interviewing thepatient or physical examination. According to the NHS (British National HealthService), people aged less than 20 and more than 55 years and drug abusers seekmedical advice if they experience back pain. Some of well-known diagnosesmethods are X-rays, CT scans or MRI, Bone Scan, Electromyography or EMG, Achiropractor, an osteopath and a physical therapist. In most cases back painimproves by home treatment and self-care itself without medical help. But insome cases some painkillers prescribed for short periods. Prescribed painrelievers are:ü Codeineü Percocetü Vicodinü Kadianü Lortabü Watsonü Vicodin ESü Vicodin HPü MS Continü Hysingla ERü Zohydro ERü Zydone