Background in nature, and had little to no

Background and Historical Context Emily Jane Bront? was born on the 30th of July in 1818 in a parsonage located in the village of Thornton, in Yorkshire, England. She was born into a family of six children and was the second youngest. Bront? was an English novelist and poet, most famously known for Wuthering Heights, a highly regarded work in English literature.  Her life was not well accounted for, as she often secluded herself into the depths of her room, to focus on her writing and creative process. Biographers often use Bront?’s novel for biographical information on her life, beliefs, and personality, as she was reclusive in nature, and had little to no friends other than her sisters; her love for mysticism and solitude is evidently translated into her literary work, and her use of romanticism accompanied with a gothic evil shocked Victorian audiences. Bront?’s poems are commonly used as methods to interpret her novel, in particular poems regarding isolation, reclusiveness, freedom, and rebellion.  Two of Emily’s sisters, Charlotte and Anne also took an interest in writing, the majority of which was inspired by a mythical world called “Gondal” the sisters created. Remnants of this world can be seen in some of Emily’s poems, and in fragments of journal entries from both Charlotte and Anne.  A myriad of people impacted Bront?’s writing and shaped her life. Her father, Patrick Bront?, was a cleric at the parsonage and was known within his family for his imaginative poetry despite his vocation. Her mother Maria, an avid Methodist, also took an interest in poetry but died at the young age of 38 when Emily was just three years old. Because of this, Maria’s sister Elizabeth took care of the Bront? children and subsequently brought a Christian fervor to the household that Emily deeply opposed. In an attempt to emulate elements of her life, she created motherless characters in her novel. Speculations have been made that the character Joseph in Bront?’s novel, who was a devoted evangelist, was an allusion to her aunt who imposed a religious vehemence when raising the Bront? children. Haworth, the village her family grew up in became the inspiration for the setting of her novel; a desolate region surrounded by moors. In 1845 Charlotte came across some of Emily’s poems, and later discovered that Anne also had a significant collection of her own written work. A year later, the three sisters published a compilation of their poetry under the pseudonyms Ellis, Currer, and Acton Bell. The sisters chose these male pen-names to avoid exposing themselves to harsh prejudice that accompanied being a women writer at this time. A novel such as Wuthering Heights allowed for Victorian audiences to discuss the ever-changing social dynamic of the nineteenth century. With the Victorian reign in full effect, female authors often discussed the social limitations they faced, as well as their own need for independence.¹ Emily Bront?, on December 19th, 1848 died, when out of stubbornness refused to see a doctor for her dire case of tuberculosis. The literary genius has yet to be forgotten, as her poems and novel are still utilized for poetic discussion, and is regarded as one of the greatest literary innovators of the nineteenth century. Compare and ContrastDuring the Victorian era, death was quite commonly seen as a topic of much discussion within written works, as well as social conformities. Accompanying this, tombs and cemeteries were quite commonly visited, as it was normal for those who were mourning people to relish in sorrow over the deceased. Elements of death within Bront?’s work is evident. However, she refuses to conform to this Victorian attitude that one must wallow in pity, rather, continue on with life and not indulge in nonsensical pain. Evidence of this can be seen in both “Song” and “Remembrance.” Bront?’s “Hope” depicts the speaker’s feelings towards the emotion itself, revealing its cruel nature. Bront?’s “Remembrance” and “Song”, are thematically similar, as they all allude to elements of death, love, and exude a sense of solemnity and endearment. Both of these poems come from a point of view of the speaker having lost a loved one; opposingly one being from a male perspective, the other female. The male speaker in “Song” can be seen rhetorically asking “where”(16, Song)  all of the mourners’ “tears” (16, Song) are upon the arrival of her death. The speaker appears to exude a sense of indignance for those who have seemingly forgotten this woman. Contrastingly, “Remembrance” touches upon the speaker’s attempt to accept the death of her loved one, and attempts to find comfort in letting go.  A sense of self-awareness is demonstrated in “Remembrance” when the speaker comes to the sudden realization that her “thoughts” (5, Remembrance) of the death of her lover “no longer” (5, Remembrance) consume her. The speaker questions whether or not time has depleted the love she once felt for this man and conveys that her “life’s bliss” (19, Remembrance) was buried along with her loved one, as he was the one who brought her happiness. “Song” reflects upon the beauty of life, despite death. “Wild deer” (5, Song) and “birds” (6, Song)  can be seen leaving the dead woman’s solitude. Bront? conveys to the reader that despite this woman’s passing, the environment surrounding her continues to teem with life, as though they have been unaffected, which parallels to the reaction of those close to her. Bront?’s “Hope” elucidates the speaker’s personal view of hope through an extended metaphor along with the use of personification. Hope can be described as “timid” (1, Hope), insinuating that it has the possibility to intervene, but chooses to “turn her face away” (8, Hope).  Hope’s lack of intervention is portrayed as “cruel” (5, Hope), rather an act of diffidence. Her initial characterization of hope is negative, an atypical connotation of the word. As the poem progresses, hope’s abandonment continues to increase to a point where at the end, hope leaves and “ne’er returned again” (20, Hope). Bront?’s depiction of hope reveals her underlying sense of abandonment, due to her real-life experiences. Likewise, “Song” also exudes a sense of despair, as the speaker questions why nobody will give his lover the grief he feels she deserves. Ironically, Bront?’s use of antithesis portrays a lack of hope in the speaker towards the emotion itself. Both poems end on a rather bleak note, leaving the reader with a sense of despair. Their ending thoughts however differ; “Song” comes to terms with the fact that his lover is no longer alive to witness the distasteful reactions her friends have towards her death, whereas in “Hope”, the speaker is alive, and feels a sense of abandonment due to this. Bront?’s “Remembrance” and “Song” both possess elements, of death and love, whilst exuding a sense of solemnity and endearment. They differ in terms of how long their lover has been dead, which explains their contrasting nature of grief and attachment. “Hope” and “Song”  both contain a disheartened tone, and differ in their conclusions; the deceased women in “Song” lacks the ability to feel the solitude she has been placed in due to the lack of interest from those who once knew her. The speaker in “Hope” is alive and feels deserted by the very thing that should have intended to fill her with aspirations and optimism. Bront?’s poems altogether fill her readers with the intended emotions she hopes to convey, which explains her literary success years after her death.  


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