Cyberterrorism defined as politically motivated acts of deliberate large-scale disruption of computer networks is on the rampage. Today computer viruses and Trojans designed to do everything from stealing data, to watching user internet in their webcam, and to theft of billions of dollars. Some cybercriminal today goes as far as targeting power, utilities and infrastructure. Computers control our military equipment, everything from missile to satellites and to nuclear defence network. Cyber can make all of these things impossible. Cyber is considered a new domain of warfare. It is not necessarily a bad thing. On the one hand, it means have whole new front on which need to defend network, but in the other hand it means have a whole new way to attack. A whole new way to stop evil people from doing evil things. Example, suppose a terrorist wants to blow up a building, and wants to do this again and again in the future. So he does not want to be in that building when it explodes. He is going to use a cell phone as a remote detonator. Now, it used to be the only way to stop this terrorist was with a hail of bullets and a car chase, but that is not necessarily true anymore. A well-crafted cyber-attack could break into his phone, disable the over voltage protections on his battery, drastically overload the circuit and explode. No more phone, no more detonator and maybe no more terrorist. So how does this work? It all comes back to those ones and zeros. Binary information makes your phone work, and used correctly, it can make your phone explode. Thus, the recent studies have revealed that the emergence of cybercrime and terrorism and its impact on society.
TECHNOLOGY PERSPECTIVE 1
If terrorist are going to engage in adverse actions against the country fundamentally it has to involve people terrace. According to (Phillip, 2016) cyber may be the storage of important data and files. Right now these terrors can be planners, they can be funny, they can be foot soldiers, they have different possible roles but at the end of the day yet, there is be adverse actions against the country by do terrorism tactics it has to involve people terrorist. These terrorist will make transactions in support of their plans, plots, and activities and when take those financial, communication and transport communication one can image what the many possible transactions that people can engage in support of their plans, plots and activities. The fact that studied by Phillip (2016) agree in cyber world could cause violation of privacy. Those transaction will leave a signature in the information space and the hypothesis is if take those transactions over space and time by a group of people who are plotting nefarious things against the country that will form a unique signature in the information space. Now those transactions that signature lives in database that are in the public that are in that are collected by government and intelligence community agencies and that also live in private databases.
TECHNOLOGY PERSPECTIVE 2
September 11, 2001, terrorist strikes set the tone for warfare in the 21st century. Cyber warfare emphasizes their attack through virtual warfare from anywhere (Philipp, 2003). The 21st century has also seen the rise of another kind of warfare that lets nations and loners do battle without guns or bombs. The biggest threat we face may be a rogue actor with a laptop and a desire to wreak havoc. Cyberwarfare is probably the greatest challenge that we have as far as our nation’s national security is the concern. We have an advantage over another form of competition with possible allies except one, and that is cyberwarfare. This is going to be the new battlefield an unseen invisible battlefield where teams of hacker from various nations will due. For example, in 2010 a computer virus named ‘Stuxnet’ demolished a secret Iran nuclear weapons plant. Hacker at Symantec Corporation unravelled its mysteries. What made Stuxnet differently was it did not just stick to the cyber world, it actually reached and caused a sort of real-world kinetic damage. So Stuxnet just began spreading all around the world onto Windows machines everywhere supported by.
SOCIAL PERSPECTIVE 1
It is now clear this cyber threat is one of the most serious economic and national security challenges face as a nation. Cyberwarfare provide a general awareness of cyber law (Gordon, 2007). President Obama is putting money where his mouth is allocating more than 350 million dollars of federal government spending this year to securing infrastructure and substantial but undisclosed amounts more to national intelligence budget and he is appointed a cybersecurity coordinator at the White House But in the halls of congress there is an audible anxiety that neither the government nor the private sector is moving fast enough the government has not gotten its act together the private sector which is 90% of it has his problems in getting its act together. Cyberwarfare connecting society to the worldwide (Phillip, 2011). The primary threat comes from other nation-states and from intelligence services of a few countries. The Chinese are good they have a lot people and a lot of money. There are a few other countries that do this as well. The second thereat would be cybercrime. There is a few countries that are sanctuaries for cybercrime and unfortunately it would be Russian and China again. In part because cyber criminals can be proxies and can be mercenaries. So the government does not want to do it. Government ask the cybercriminal to help them out. Google alleges that China broke into the email accounts of several of it is user. In January, 2010 Google the world’s largest internet Search Company announced this networks had been breached by attacks that originated in China. With toes to China and may cause a serious ripple effect the China use some fairly basic techniques to exploit vulnerabilities in the network of Google and 30 other companies. This was not just Google to get in and in Google case do two things steal intellectual property how Google search engines worked and look for information on Tibet and human right activist and things like Gmail. Gmail accounts were compromised presumably of human rights activists and workers and possibly some source code. What cybercriminal did is they exploited a vulnerability in Internet Explorer that allowed them to get inside the company but cybercriminal were not financially oriented, they probably more looking to find future opportunities for exploitation and potentially more politically motivated.
CRITIQUES BOTH PERSPECTIVES
Never underestimate the risk and potential of future scenario. Governments have some pretty serious challenges when talk about cyber. Thing about the cold roll cold war and the idea of government versus government it was very that sort of James Bond spies very skilled professionals doing operation on each other. When look at the cyber warfare are talking about attackers who have the ability to for individual who have a political agenda to operate on those to attack the government and we still have the state sponsored threat. Chances are high that such incident will be directed against other IT systems, especially if connected to real-world machinery. So, government are put in a difficult position because how do they dedicate their resources do they dedicate to the potentially very well-trained very dangerous nation states or do they focus their efforts on more individual radicals even that can easily get hold of cyber and used them against critical infrastructure or use them for just propaganda.
The cyber war a conflict thought without foot soldiers, guns or missiles. Instead attacks are launched by computer hacker. In Malaysia, there is a growing concern that pose a massive threat to national security and a conviction that the world military superpower needs to be prepared for the fight ahead. The worst case scenario is an attack on networks that kicked out of critical infrastructure something took on power grid, strip down order that composes for one of our defence systems. Something like that would paralyze the country requires loss of life causing enormous economic damage and would be very difficult to restore in a short period of time. It is a new form of warfare, it is a new form of how disrupt infrastructure. There are attacks on networks every single day that come from multiple sources around the world. Countries or individuals that engage in cyberattack should face consequences and international condemnation. China responded with outrange calling the veiled accusation groundless. In some ways the China could not have picked a worse company to hit because Google was the favourite child of this administration. Big mistake they should gone after somebody else. So, the government responsible it is the kind of question that plagued cybersecurity expert they call it attribution problem and it makes responding to attacks inherently difficult. Since hacker can commandeer computers to attack others remotely it is hard to determine where they are based and tougher still to determine who they are working for.
Does it matter whether there is a difference between cybercrime, cyberterrorism and cyberwarfare? The problem is to deal with all of these things? It hard to agree on exactly what definitions and how to differentiate cybercrime from crime in general or cyber terrorism from the great world of terrorism or cyber warfare. It began in World War II when the British built a primitive computer to try intercept successfully German communication and because of this government able to make significant inroads into German tactics strategy and war plan. Information is really hard to constrain. Example of a wonderful automated attack is there was a slammer worm that was very powerful in 2003 it took over large portions of the internet and slowed things down. It was an automated warm it just propagated from computer to computer and eventually it got into a nuclear plant without intending to so it got into nuclear plants in Ohio and actually disabled safety systems and monitoring systems using at the time now. Cybercrime is a scary concept for many reason. It can do possible serious damage to various aspect of our lives. It is difficult to catch, track and prosecute. The information ago has brought us many good things, but along with those good things came some bad things too. From cybercrime it can be cyberwarfare. All we can do as citizen is protect ourselves by protecting our information, who we give it to and how much we give it out.