Before the Cuban revolution, underpresident Fulgencio Batista, Cuba was plagued withunemployment and limited water infrastructure. Lessthan 50% of children were given education and hygiene was very poor.Furthermore, Batista was far more dictatorial than anyone had expected. He evenlet American companies dominate the economy and formed links to organizedcrime.
75% of Cuba’s most fertile and arable land wasowned by foreigners. All of this contributed to making life worse forCuban citizens and angered them. During the revolution, there wasn’tmuch change in the lives of Cuban people, but if you were supporting therevolution or joined the military of Cuba, you would have to fight for yourcause. You would be given access to food and water as these were twonecessities for survival and you were valuable as a supporter. After Batistawas overthrown and most of his government officials were either executed orimprisoned, the new government presented laws to deliver equality for blackCubans and to provide greater rights for women.
Attemptswere made to improve communications, medical facilities, health, housing, andeducation. In addition, places of entertainment and art were opened suchas art exhibitions, concerts, and theatres. Throughout time, all children weregiven education, unemployment and corruption were greatly reduced, and hugeimprovements were made when it came to hygiene and sanitation.
The newgovernment also subdivided the larger pieces of land into smaller cooperatives,therefore providing more jobs and increasing the living standards. Thegovernment also nationalized all privately-owned property. They were able tonationalize $25 billion dollars of property. The government also nationalizedall religiously owned property because they declared the county as an atheistcountry.
Bishops, popes, etc. … were expelled from the country. The governmentalso took money from mafia leaders and arrested them. For all foreign landowners, private land owners, religious people, criminals, mafia leaders, oranti revolutionaries’ lives was made horrible because they were exiled,executed, or imprisoned. The lives of the rest of the Cuban people had greatlyimproved from what they once were because of all the efforts of the newgovernment.