Before starting a business in the UK we need to know
how a business can work under legal
Environment and what are the different rules and
regulations for a business to operate in Uk. And
what are the institutions who participate in enforcing and making of law and
how do these laws effect businesses and how do the institutions resolve the
international disputes and ethical ways to handle a business
What are the sources of law in the UK?
There are four prime authorities from which the law
is being followed and enforced in the UK
Convention On Human Rights
The law in legislation is created by a legislature
which is the parliament that consists of two houses. The house of commons which
has 650 members of the parliament who are called MP’s who represent their
geographic constituency and are elected by the electors votes. The house of
lords has 800 members among 600 of them are elected by the quean on the
recommendation of the prime minster the 200 members are from the church who
have gotten the title of “lady” ,”lord”
or senior bishops.
Common law: The
decisions of the senior appellate courts become a part of the law. Senior
appellate courts are courts that hear appeals from Court Of Appeal and Supreme
European Union Law: The
European Union law is followed by all European countries and UK being a state
member of European union follows the laws made by the union.
European Convention On Human Rights: The human rights act was established in 1998 and came into
effect in 2000, making UK a signatory to the European convention on human
rights (ECHR), which enables all the courts in UK to protect all rights that
are included in the European Convention On Human Rights.
Classifying Law In UK
When we talk about classification
of law its classified in two parts, private law and public law. Private law,
governs relationships between individuals and private organizations whereas
Public law, is law made to govern the relationship between the state and
What is the civil and criminal law?
And where are the decisions taken place if the organization or an individual
has committed them?
Civil law looks
up for areas like contracts, family matters, negligence, employment, land law
and probate. If an individual believes
that a person or an organization has committed a civil crime they can fill up a
claim form and send it to the country court which then solve claims for cases
that involve 25,000 euros, and claims that have done damage to a person and
less than 50,000 euros. The high court usually hears cases of higher value. A
person who starts a claim is called a claimant and proves the defendant has done
a civil crime, and if the defendant is found guilty they usually have to pay
some amount to the claimant or upon the court order a warning is issued for the
defendant to not behave in a certain way.
Criminal law is a
branch of public law that deals with cases which have to do with violations
done by a person against a society. The crimes committed by suspects are
reported to the police who then investigate into the case and are arrests the
person for interviewing and further investigation. The case is further looked
by the crown prosecution services and if the violator is found guilty the court
then orders for suitable punishments. The crown courts handle bigger cases such
as murder and rape. Smaller offences such as speeding are heard by magistrate’s
courts which are present in towns as well.