Before starting a business in the UK we need to knowhow a business can work under legal Environment and what are the different rules andregulations for a business to operate in Uk. Andwhat are the institutions who participate in enforcing and making of law andhow do these laws effect businesses and how do the institutions resolve theinternational disputes and ethical ways to handle a business What are the sources of law in the UK?There are four prime authorities from which the lawis being followed and enforced in the UK1. Legislation2. CommonLaw3. EuropeanUnion Law 4.
EuropeanConvention On Human RightsLegislation:The law in legislation is created by a legislaturewhich is the parliament that consists of two houses. The house of commons whichhas 650 members of the parliament who are called MP’s who represent theirgeographic constituency and are elected by the electors votes. The house oflords has 800 members among 600 of them are elected by the quean on therecommendation of the prime minster the 200 members are from the church whohave gotten the title of “lady” ,”lord”or senior bishops.Common law: Thedecisions of the senior appellate courts become a part of the law. Seniorappellate courts are courts that hear appeals from Court Of Appeal and SupremeCourt.European Union Law: TheEuropean Union law is followed by all European countries and UK being a statemember of European union follows the laws made by the union. European Convention On Human Rights: The human rights act was established in 1998 and came intoeffect in 2000, making UK a signatory to the European convention on humanrights (ECHR), which enables all the courts in UK to protect all rights thatare included in the European Convention On Human Rights.
Classifying Law In UKWhen we talk about classificationof law its classified in two parts, private law and public law. Private law,governs relationships between individuals and private organizations whereasPublic law, is law made to govern the relationship between the state andcitizens. What is the civil and criminal law?And where are the decisions taken place if the organization or an individualhas committed them?Civil law looksup for areas like contracts, family matters, negligence, employment, land lawand probate.
If an individual believesthat a person or an organization has committed a civil crime they can fill up aclaim form and send it to the country court which then solve claims for casesthat involve 25,000 euros, and claims that have done damage to a person andless than 50,000 euros. The high court usually hears cases of higher value. Aperson who starts a claim is called a claimant and proves the defendant has donea civil crime, and if the defendant is found guilty they usually have to paysome amount to the claimant or upon the court order a warning is issued for thedefendant to not behave in a certain way.
Criminal law is abranch of public law that deals with cases which have to do with violationsdone by a person against a society. The crimes committed by suspects arereported to the police who then investigate into the case and are arrests theperson for interviewing and further investigation. The case is further lookedby the crown prosecution services and if the violator is found guilty the courtthen orders for suitable punishments.
The crown courts handle bigger cases suchas murder and rape. Smaller offences such as speeding are heard by magistrate’scourts which are present in towns as well.