Capital Punishment

The existence of the death penalty in any society raises one underlying question: have we established our justice systems out of a desire for rehabilitation, or out of a desire for retribution? 1. Capital punishment is a practice in which prisoners are executed in accordance with judicial practice when they are convicted of committing what is known as a “capital crime. ” Capital crimes are crimes deemed so heinous that they should be punishable by death. People may also use the term “death penalty” to refer to capital punishment.Worldwide, this practice is extremely controversial, with a variety of concerns ranging from human rights to economic efficiency being raised in discussions about capital punishment. Suggest Edits The practice of executing people for certain crimes is very old; in fact, the term itself dates to a Latin root, capitalis, which means “of the head,” a reference to a common execution method used in Roman times. At various points in history, a wide range of crimes have been punishable by death, including rape, murder, treason, mutiny, and theft.

In the military, death sentences for “cowardice” were used as recently as the First World War, when soldiers were shot by firing squads assembled from the men who served with them, providing both a punishment and a warning. As early as the 1800s, some members of society were pushing for abolition of the death penalty, arguing that it was an inhumane method of punishment. Many abolitionists were also involved with animal welfare organizations and antislavery organizations.

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Their efforts were at least partially successful; by the beginning of the 21st century, only 58 nations were practicing the death penalty, and several of these nations had very restrictive terms which had to be met in order for capital punishment to be an option. China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the United States lead the world in executions annually. Suggest Edits Arguments for capital punishment include the suggestion that it acts as a deterrent, by reminding criminals that they can pay the ultimate price for some claims.It is also touted in some regions as a safety measure which effectively removes people who have committed horrific crimes from the street without having to worry about their release on parole in the future.

Some supporters also argue that capital punishment provides closure to family members of victims. Furthermore, supporters argue, it is possible to administer the death penalty justly and humanely. Suggest Edits People who oppose the death penalty argue that it is unevenly applied, creating the potential for erroneous executions of innocent people.Opponents are also perturbed by differing standards in judicial practice; for example, some nations allow capital punishment for crimes such as drug trafficking, and in some nations where homosexuality remains criminalized, it is punishable by death. Opponents also argue that administering capital punishment justly and fairly is tremendously expensive, and it is more cost effective to focus on incarceration. 2.

Capital punishment or the death penalty is a legal process whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.The judicial decree that someone be punished in this manner is a death sentence, while the actual process of killing the person is an execution. Crimes that can result in a death penalty are known as capital crimes or capital offences. The term capital originates from the Latin capitalis, literally “regarding the head” (referring to execution by beheading).

3. Capital punishment is the practice of executing someone as punishment for a specific crime after a proper legal trial. It can only be used by a state, so when non-state organisations speak of having ‘executed’ a person they have actually committed a murder.It is usually only used as a punishment for particularly serious types of murder, but in some countries treason, types of fraud, adultery and rape are capital crimes. The phrase ‘capital punishment’ comes from the Latin word for the head. A ‘corporal’ punishment, such as flogging, takes its name from the Latin word for the body. Capital punishment is used in many countries around the world. According to Amnesty International as at May 2012, 141 countries have abolished the death penalty either in law on in practice.

ARGUEMENTS AGAINST CAPITAL PUNISHMENTEveryone thinks human life is valuable. Some of those against capital punishment believe that human life is so valuable that even the worst murderers should not be deprived of the value of their lives. They believe that the value of the offender’s life cannot be destroyed by the offender’s bad conduct – even if they have killed someone. Some abolitionists don’t go that far. They say that life should be preserved unless there is a very good reason not to, and that those who are in favour of capital punishment are the ones who have to justify their position.The most common and most cogent argument against capital punishment is that sooner or later, innocent people will get killed, because of mistakes or flaws in the justice system.

Witnesses, (where they are part of the process), prosecutors and jurors can all make mistakes. When this is coupled with flaws in the system it is inevitable that innocent people will be convicted of crimes. Where capital punishment is used such mistakes cannot be put right. 1. You can’t take it back The death penalty is irreversible.Absolute judgments may lead to people paying for crimes they did not commit. Texas man Cameron Todd Willingham, for example, was found innocent after his 2004 execution. 2.

It doesn’t deter criminals In fact, evidence startlingly reveals the opposite! Twenty seven years after abolishing the death penalty, Canada saw a 44 per cent drop in murders across the country. And it wasn’t alone. 3. There’s no ‘humane’ way to kill The 2006 execution of Angel Nieves Diaz, by a so-called ‘humane’ lethal injection, took 34 minutes and required two doses.

Other methods of execution used around the world include hanging, shooting and beheading. The nature of these deaths only continues to perpetuate the cycle of violence and does not alleviate the pain already suffered by the victims’ family. 4. It makes a public spectacle of an individual’s death Executions are often undertaken in an extremely public manner, with public hangings in Iran or live broadcasts of lethal injections in the US. 5.

The death penalty is disappearing Out of 198 countries around the world only 21 continue to use capital unishment. And while countries that carried out executions in 2011 did so at an alarming rate, those employing capital punishment have decreased by more than a third in the last decade. With this clear downward trend, public pressure may help persuade the world’s biggest executors China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and the USA to stop. There are countless arguments for and against the death penalty. In an imperfect world where we can never be sure we have ever got the “worst of the worst” is it ever justified to take a life?

Capital Punishment

Did you know that in the past 20 years more than 124 convicts on death row have now been exonerated because of new evidence? Or that, some convicted murderers, having served their time, have been released to go on and kill again? Capital punishment is a controversial topic that has been discussed by people for centuries and has been an awkward topic for the police and government. The idea of capital punishment has been floating around for many years from crucifixions to the Lethal Injection.

Capital punishment is defined as the killing of a person by judicial process as punishment; and the crimes that can result in a death penalty are known as capital crimes or capital offences. My aim today is persuade and inform and in the end lead you to the correct decision that is capital punishment is an unimaginable horror, and is blatantly a miscarriage of power. To start with I am going to tackle the issue head on, not try to distract and delude you by using sneaky techniques, as to only tell my own opinions, but rather to firstly show you the opposition that I face, and how they feel.They see capital punishment as the way forward for their country and the only way to prevail among the plague of criminals that vilify the name of their country. They feel that it is very important; almost a necessity to have a strong deterrent to crime, that will strike fear throughout the crooks and basically scare them into submission.

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They feel the only way that is efficient enough to do this is by literally putting the fear of death in their hearts. Most criminals when it comes down to it may be able to kill someone but when it comes back round to them they cannot imagine their own death.The infamous Margret Thatcher who was the first female Prime Minister Is quoted as Saying “I personally have always voted for the death penalty because I believe that people who go out prepared to take the lives of other people forfeit their own right to live. I believe that that death penalty should be used only very rarely, but I believe that no-one should go out certain that no matter how cruel, how vicious, how hideous their murder, they themselves will not suffer the death penalty. ” This is a view that is also held by a lot of her supporters and is a common view on capital punishment.One of the main reasons Christians have for believing capital punishment is right, is that they believe it is written in the bible. It does actually state in the bible that “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” however this is written in the old testament and modern Christians now live more by the new testament, and now finally consider some of the old views very extremist.

An also there are so many contradictions in the bible that you probably can’t find a quote that doesn’t have another one stating the exact opposite.In addition to that note, a quote against capital punishment is quite simply that in the Ten Commandments it states “thou must not kill” Another view on capital punishment, that people who consider it ok, is that it is maybe even more humane than sending someone to prison. To spend the rest of your life sitting in a cell block the size of a big cupboard and not having any freedom is torture. Seeing the same blank walls every day, the same bed, the same ceiling, this is what would drive you mad.An interesting case of this is the situation concerning a man called Gary Gilmore. Gary Gilmore committed two accounts murder and was consequently sentenced to life imprisonment; however after he was told this he demanded that he be given the death sentence instead.

The jury then went and reconsidered this and came out and told him his wish would be followed and he could either be killed by hanging or firing squad. To which he replied “I’d rather be shot”. This is a peculiar case in which for once the person chose death over imprisonment.This shows how a prison is consider even worse than death in some people eyes. However it may be thought that Gary was not a perfectly mentally stable person as when he was asked if he had any final words he simply said “let’s do it”. He showed no remorse for his actions and was eerily calm about his impending death. The other side of this argument is that capital punishment is barbaric, brutal and unjust. It is a misuse of power, and where the life of another human being is taken, so it is essentially murder.

It is quoted as being “the special and eternal sign of barbarism. Where the death penalty is applied, barbarism dominates; where the death penalty is rare, civilisation reigns. ” This was said by Victor Hugo a member of the national assembly of France. This represents how many people feel that it is a malicious act or even crime that society is able to kill another man. There are several incontrovertible arguments with capital punishment, and they are simply that you may put an innocent man to death, and it leaves you no way of reversing that choice.If they were imprisoned they could be released, but once they have been killed there is nothing you can do to repent.

Also naturally we are human so our minds can be persuaded by emotions and we lose our objectivity and become lost in emotion which changes our decision. So when you have a jury that decides whether they are innocent they can never be sure and so rely upon their own feelings to decide the convict’s fate. It was Albert Einstein who famously quoted on capital punishment “I have reached the conviction that the abolition of the death penalty is desirable.

Reasons: 1) Irreparability in the event of an error of justice, 2) Detrimental moral influence of the execution procedure on those who, whether directly or indirectly, have to do with the procedure. ” This is undeniably the most logical way to look at the problem, and sums up the way many people look at the problem. Also to prove this point since 1973, 124 people have been exonerated from death row. If these people hadn’t been proven innocent in time they would have been killed.They would of then found out they were innocent too late and they would already be dead and that is irreversible.

Finally to put into perspective what all of this means, it is that naturally we are all enraged and incensed by extreme acts of violence upon people, like murder, but it is not down to us to decide whether or not someone else lives or dies. We do not hold that power. The risk of an innocent person being sent to death and how that is irreparable is too great a risk to take. So the capital punishment is an aged barbaric tool that needs to be left behind.