CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING Introduction

 CHAPTER1THEPROBLEM AND ITS SETTINGIntroduction            Students play a crucial role in the society. They serveas the foundation of the future generations. A student’s main purpose is tostudy and acquire information to contribute to self-growth and be able to shareknowledge to others. Other than home, the easiest way to learn is going toschool. Schools are institutions made specifically for learning.

Memoryretention is very essential in learning especially in situations when you haveto recall a specific lesson for recitation or the homework that the teachergave before leaving the school premises.            Inthe past, where there’s little or almost no modes of transportation available,students walk their way to their respective schools even if it’s miles away.But thanks to the innovative emergence of alternative means, different modes oftransportation are now accessible to everyone, especially students.

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            Astime flies, more and more vehicles (both private and public) now occupy thestreets of the Philippines, specifically in Manila. According to CNNPhilippines (2015), Manila topped the longest minute spent in commuting surveyconducted by a GPS-based navigation app called Waze and named Manila, a citythat has the “worst traffic on Earth”. The Philippines also ranked ninth inworst places to drive. This issue does not only apply to the workers but forthe students also who commute on a regular basis to go to their respectiveschools or universities.             Notonly does traffic and other modes of transportation hindrances can affectstudent’s academic performance, this study seek to find out if there is arelationship between the respondent’s home distance and memory retention.TheoreticalFramework            Several theories have been used to understand how thememory functions. As well as how these people affects physically andemotionally because several phenomena.

Theoryon How Memory FunctionsScientists don’t entirely grasp howthe memory organizes. They can’t predict what occurs while recalling a memory. Thebrain’s organization and storage of memories have been an infinite journey forcognitive researchers for decades but have enough theories to formulateeducated guesses regarding the subject.According to Mohs (2007), the processof memory starts with encoding, then progress its way to storage and finally,retrieval. Formation of memory begins specifically through sensory andperception, and requires paying attention.            Itwill be then stored in short term memory which is known to have smallcapacities. Essential learning may be transported to long term memory,especially when used frequently.

Long term memory is known to store unlimitedmemories that make it easier to recall when needed. Experts find difficulty in identifyingthe difference between true forgetting and failed retrieval of specificinformation stored in the long term memory.                                       ConceptualFramework            Figure 1 presents the research paradigm of the study. Theinput variables show the demographic profile of respondents in terms of age, sex,strand and distance from school. Process covers the steps needed for analyzingdata from respondents.

Finally, the output presents the significant correlationbetween home distance and memory retention. INPUT   PROCESS   OUTPUT   Demographic Profile of Respondents 1.1.Age 1.

2.Sex 1.3.Strand 1.

4.Distance from School        Statementof the Problem This study aims to find out thecorrelation on the effects of home distance on memory retention of Senior HighSchool Students of Polytechnic University of the Philippines.Specifically, it wants to answer thefollowing questions:1.   Whatis the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of the followingvariables1.1.       Age1.

2.       Sex1.3.

       Strand1.4.       Distancefrom school2.

    How many hours do the respondents allot fortravel from home to school3.   Doeshome distance affect the respondents’ memory retentionHypothesis            Theresearchers formulated a null hypothesis that there is no correlation betweenhome distance of Senior High School students of Polytechnic University of thePhilippines and memory retention.Scopeand Limitations of the Study            This study is delimited to Polytechnic University of thePhilippines, Sta. Mesa Main campus only. Through this setting, the students inSenior High School from different strands were drawn.

Generalization of thestudy’s findings is limited to PUP and other schools in Manila in which thestudents have similar situations.             Theother limitation is that time and funds for conducting this research werelimited. This is the reason why only one campus and only Senior High schoolstudents are involved.Significanceof the Study            The results of this study may benefit the followingStudents. Through this study, students,especially those who are obligated to provide greater time and effort in goingto school would be informed of the possible effects on memory retention oftheir home distances to schools.

Teachers.The findings of thisstudy may help the teachers derive teaching strategies that will be moresuccessful and effective for the students. It may also improve theirunderstanding on the students who have live in greater distances from school. Psychologists.As this studyinvolves cognitive aspects, specifically memory, the professionals such as thepsychologists can improve the scope of this study and provide more generalconclusions.

Departmentof Transportation and Communications (DOTC). The findings of this study may help this sect ofgovernment address transportation hindrances and derive for further developmentand improvement of overall transport systems in the country.Commuters.Through this study,commuters will be aware that home distances and travel may or may not affecttheir memory retention.

Through this, they can address the possible effectseven in the middle of the traffic. FutureResearchers. Forthose researchers in the future that will conduct a similar study to thesubject of this research, the findings will be beneficial to them as a sourceof reference and comparison of data gathered.Definitionof TermsFor a better understanding of theresearch, the following terms are provided with their operational definitions.                Memory is the concept in whichinformation is perceived or encoded by the human brain and stored for laterretrieval. Retention is the ability in keeping orpreserving experiences and learning that makes a recall or recognition. Hindrance is an act of making orcausing vehicles to stop, preventing motorist to move forward.

Traffic Congestion is a term thatdescribes an act being stocked in the midst of slow moving vehicles.