This study made used of descriptive
research. It describes the research design, research locale, subject participants,
research instruments, data gathering procedure, data analysis and the research
This study utilized a phenomenological
method, to highlight the lived experiences of single mother in raising their
children and sought to identify and understand their coping strategies.
(2011), stated that a qualitative research method intended to understand the
peoples’ experiences, perspective, and understanding of a particular situation and
through the description provided by the people that were involved in the study.
This study normally translates into gathering data, deep information and perceptions
such as interviews, discussions.
this study was intended to describe and to interpret the lived experiences and
coping strategies of single mothers in raising their children using deep and
This study was conducted in Purok 8, Barangay
9 Malaybalay City Bukidnon. Malaybalay City has 46 barangays. It includes
Barangay 9, that consist, of 8 Purok with an estimated total population of
9,022 residents. Some people living in Barangay 9 are considered part of
diverse ethnic groups in the Philippines.
These are, Cebuanos, Ilonggos, Warays, and
Muslims. Barangay 9 was one of the 20 Barangays created during the Marcos
Regime under the declaration of Martial Law by virtue of Presidential Decree 86
and 86-A.Under the administration of the late Hon. Mayor Timoteo C. Ocaya, the
Municipal Council passed resolutions number 246-74 and 294-74 and Implementing
Ordinance No. 87-74 by reducing the number of barangays from 20 to eleven
barangays. The merging of some barangays affected the political boundaries such
that Barangay 16 became Barangay 9. Despite the diversity of culture, the
people live in unity and peace, observing and respecting their own different
cultures. Majority of the people are Muslims and Christians.
terms of livelihood, majority have micro-enterprises like sari-sari store, carenderia,
and junkshop. Some of them preferred motorela driving as part of their
livelihood and as a way of transportation. Majority of Barangay 9 residents are
Muslims, and the Barangay is considered as the Islamic center in Bukidnon. The
Bus terminal and the Market are also found in Barangay 9.
Figure 2. Map
of Barangay 9, Malaybalay City.
LEGEND: Purok 8 Barangay 9, Malaybalay City
Participants of the Study
participants of the study were the 8 Single
Mothers who were classified into four (4) as follows: unmarried, due to
legal separation, due to abandonment of spouse and due
to death of the spouse and who were raising
their children alone. A total of eight (8) participants were purposively chosen
for this study.
of the Participants
Dealer of avon
High school level
instrument of the study was researchers’ made interview guide composed of two
parts. The first interview guide question sought to determine the participants
lived experiences of single mother in raising their children. The second
interview guide questions determined the coping mechanism of single mothers in
terms of economic hardship, emotional or psychological aspect in response to
their lived experiences.
gathering the data, the researchers conducted an individual interview with the participants
on how they raise their children and how they come up a solution to provide the
needs of their children. The researchers interview the participants with a
harmonious way and it was audio- recorded with note-taking of the details that occurred
during the interview.
study utilized themes and frames. The data and information gathered by the
researchers from the interviews were analysed based on the lived experiences of
single mothers in raising their children, and the quality of the participant’s responses
in the in-depth- interview.
researchers considered several research ethics in conducting the study such as
informed consent from the participants, respect and accept whatever the answers
were given and protect the confidentiality of information. It was one way of
protecting the information given by the subject participants.
Before conducting an interview, the
researchers explained the purpose and objectives of the study. It was for the
subject participants to be able to understand the questions asked by the
researchers set significant consideration on the research ethics especially in
asking the subject participants about some personal questions and putting more
importance to the responses of the subject participants. Through this research
ethics the subject participants will not be harmed.