Summary, Findings and Implication
The chapter presents the summary, the
findings, and the implication. The study sought to determine the practices and
beliefs among the Matigsalug women on the maternal and childcare in Kalagangan,
San Fernando, Bukidnon. Specifically, this study answered the following problems: What are the
maternal and childcare practices of Matigsalug women during pregnancy,
childbirth, and postpartum period? What are the beliefs of Matigsalug parents
in relation to maternal and childcare practices?
Six (6) of
the Matigsalug mothers living in Kalagangan, San Fernando, Bukidnon were
identified and selected purposively as the participants of this study. The
qualitative method of research was utilized in the study.
The method in answering the question
was through verbal interviews which identify the respondent’s desired answer;
all interviews are audio-taped and video-taped. The questionnaire of the study
was adopted and modified from Morales (2014) which identified the practices of the Matigsalug mothers.
Matigsalug tribe is very rich in
culture, particularly on the maternal and childcare practices inherited from
their ancestors but are still used today. Matigsalug women are very dedicated
to their traditional beliefs and practices in time of pregnancy, childbirth and
postpartum period. They always used medicinal herbs that are useful to their
physical health and also for the baby.
It was found that
despite the modern times, their practices are well continued for they believed
that their culture from the very beginning is connected to their lives. These practices provide good outcomes on
their community as a whole. They gave importance on what is being practiced by
their elders from the very beginning.
They are well connected to the environment
for the believed that every plants from the forest are significant to their
lives as the dwellers in this certain place in Kalangangan. The practices for
them are very effective for it is from their ancestors who believe and prove
that it is effective for their tribe to use and preserve what is started from
the very beginning. The traditional practices that they learn are still present
in their family especially the important usage of medicinal herbs in the form
of liquid or solid. These are very popular practices in their community.
In this Matigsalug community, the
elders of the tribe are very knowledgeable about the practices and beliefs of
the tribe. The children are also taught to be respectful to the elders. Their
own languages are more superior to the other languages and these made the tribe
more united in their tradition.
Data gathered from the six (6) Matigsalug
mother’s participants revealed the following findings:
maternal and health care practices during pregnancy include: Matigsalug women used herbs such as “kelup” “kelumunga”and root of abaca.
Drinking of softdrinks is prohibited to pregnant mother. Working on the farm
even if they are pregnant is practiced.
During childbirth, they always practiced the
preparation of a piece of cloth “manggad” or “hamit”. A warm bottle of water is
used to place in the abdomen to ease the pain caused by delivery.
The practices during Postpartum conclude: The eating of foods
like sweet potato, cassava, native banana (sab’a) and wild gabi (apusew). They are not allowed to eat salty food. They
avoid drinking soft drinks and cold water. Matigsalug mother drink the roots of
abaca and roots of sab’a (banana).
They practice to grill the “batikulon”
or gizzard of the native chicken and mix this to the food of the baby. They
used roots of “sab’a” and abaca, and
mix these on the water to bath the baby.
2. The maternal and childcare beliefs of the Matigsalug women include:
They do not cross on the rope and used
“Saliyey” (small bell). Used a tail of ell or
“kasili” by rubbing in the woman’s abdomen, and also used “renda” of the horse to rub on baby’s lips. When they leave their
baby alone, they put salt under the swing “duyan” and bolo on the upper part of
As present time
Matigsalug women are very dedicated to their traditional knowledge. Their
primitive ideas from the elders were superior despite of the technology that
exists, traditional practices in pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum were
followed. Matigsalug mothers were connected to nature and they consider it
sacred because they believed that their life was dependent to the forest, where
herbs are abundant that provide their traditional medicine.
There are government programs that
provide for their basic needs, like education and proper health access from the Pangtawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program
(4P’s) and Indigenous People (IP’s). However, they are still hesitant to go to
the health center for personal reason. They just follow their traditional practices
because they considered these practices as personal.