Characteristics of an effective Team1- Commitmenttowards team’s goals- All the team members should be committed towards team’ssuccess and their shared goals. They are motivated to achieve the top levelgoals. They focus on achieving the team’s goals rather than individual goals. 2- OpenCommunication and Feedback- Team members should willingly give and acceptconstructive criticism and provide genuine feedback. Actively listening andfreely communicating without any hesitation also creates effective workenvironment.Effective teams communicateproactively.
They provide information before being asked. They also takeinitiatives and provide guidance and suggestions to other team members as well. 3- Teamcomposition- There should be appropriate team composition and team membersshould be aware of their roles and responsibilities. They should understandbeforehand what is expected from them and thus make effective contributions. 4- Encouragedifferences in opinions- Teams with diverse opinions come up with new andcreative ideas. Diversity in teams encourages different opinions with helps ingetting the “out of the box” ideas. 5- Mutualaccountability- Effective teams celebrates the success together as well asfaces the failures together. They take responsibility as individuals as well asteams for their mistakes.
6- Informal-The atmosphere of effective teams tend to be informal and comfortable workingenvironment where people are involved and interested in everything related tothe team. 7- Risktakers- The teams willing to take risks are also effective. Risk-taking attitudecomes with confidence. Confidence on yourself and team members is of utmostimportance to face the consequences. 8- Leadership-Functions of leaders shift from time to time. This depends on the situations,need of the team members and their skills and expertise. The leader helps inmaintaining appropriate behavior and positive norms.
9- EmotionalIntelligence- An effective team is possesses not only technical skills but ishigh on emotional intelligence as well. Also, teams high on EQ than IQ arehighly productive and are better performers. How an organization can create team players?Generally, the manager tries to motivate theindividuals by the three most popular ways:1- Properselection2- Employeetraining &3- Rewardingthe appropriate team behaviorsThese above mentioned elements will improve andguarantee people being extremely cooperative in the association. These pointsare discussed below:1- Hiringthe right individuals: Some people already have interpersonal skills to be effectiveteam players.
While hiring, it is important to ensure that apart from technicalknowledge, the candidate has other necessary skills to fulfill their roles. Thereare ways to check if a particular candidate is a team player or not whichincludes tests with different type scenarios to see how an individual wouldbehave in a team and how participative he is in a team. But some candidates don’tpossess these team skills when employed. In this situation, the manager has threeoptions: either to train the candidate or transfer him/her to another unitwhich doesn’t require much of team work. And the third option would be not tohire that candidate.
2- Differentways of training employees: Training exercises can be used to show theimportance of team accomplishments and the satisfaction derived from team work.Workshops can be arranged for the employees to improve their skills. These skillsmay include communication, problem solving, negotiation, conflict handling etc.
Group development model can also be used which includes five stages forming,storming, norming, performing and adjourning.Team building exercises can also beused which creates openness and trust among employees. 3- Properrewarding system: Any organization’s reward system should be such thatencourages the cooperative and not competitive environment. Promotions, payraises, incentives and other forms of recognition should be given to employeeswho work effectively as individuals as well as in teams.
The individuals shouldalso be placed in positions in which they can use all their potential andstrengths and positions they are best suited for. Apart from this, creating aclimate of trust is also very important. Members of the team must trust eachother because trust will facilitate cooperation and a sense of confidence thatpeople will not take undue advantage of their efforts.
Example of PepsiCo showing exemplary teamwork:”People are everything and the success of anenterprise usually comes down to one thing: the Team”, Indra Nooyi said.PepsiCo’s organizational culture indicates thecompany’s commitment to maximizing the strength of its human resources. Itsemployees are encouraged to focus on excellence in a collaborative way. The threemain characteristics of PepsiCo’s organization culture are:1- Performancewith purpose2- Realworld leadership3- Collaboration Among these three, Collaboration isof extreme significance. Cooperation and Teamwork is a fundamental part ofPepsiCo.
The organization believes that joint efforts accomplish incredibleexecution. While PepsiCo perceives the qualities of individual representatives,its corporate culture manages the utilization of its qualities throughcollaborative efforts. Teams are used through the organization which creates synergyin human resources instead of relying just on individual human efforts.