Childlabor should be banned in all countries no matter the children’s livingsituation. When most of us hear about child labor, we know it refers to theemployment of children in work places that deprives children of theirchildhood, education, mental, physical or harmful to their health.
Thereare 168 million children in the world that are trapped in child labor, which isalmost 11 percent of the overall child population in the world. There are 100 millionboys and 68 million girls engaged in child labor. Almost half of these kids areinvolved in dangerous work that could harm their health or lead to death. It issaid that nearly 60 percent of child labor are trapped in agriculture. I chose this map from the articlebecause it represents the most common products kids work on during child laborin certain countries. Lookingon the map I saw my country Ghana where child labor also occurred.
I lived inthe city so I did not know much or learn about the suffrage of these kids in mycountry. I know my teachers used to say if you don’t learn hard or go to schoolyou will end up like the kids on the streets so I thought the kids I see on thestreets where either dropout or their after-school jobs to help their parents.This is how I saw it and didn’t visualize it as child labor until I came acrossan article of a girl from Ghana who was involved in child labor. She is youngteenage age girl called Mabel. She found herself in child slavery at a veryyoung age. When Mabel was very young, her mum passed away so she had no choicebut to be sent to western Africa, a country called Ghana. She was sent to hergrandparents in the village where she thought she could find a better livebecause everyone loves grandma than the actual parents.
But in this situation,her grandparents were poor. Since her grandparent where unable to take care ofher, she was sent to a lake where she worked for 17 hours and later in the daycooked for the other workers to eat. Every night, she prayed there would be astorm so she would not have to go to work.
This article really touched myheart. Living in Ghana I have seen kids on the streets sell while their matesgo to school I have seen poor living conditions but still manage to take theirkids to school because of the free education system we have in Ghana. However,the free education is as bad as being an illiterate so I understand why theylead their kids into hand working carriers like, sewing, hair making catering,mechanic and many more.
These jobs don’t require any level of education. Allyou need is your own shop or place in the market to start your business. Thesejobs usually help keep a family from poverty. looking at the second map, it tellsme where most of the products I eat and wear are made from scratch. Taking thecocoa for example, these children work on these cocoa plantations all day andnight just for me and you to enjoy a chocolate bar. Isn’t that sad we enjoythings that are made by children that could be our younger siblings? The cottonfabrics we wear, the golden jewelries we own, the coffee we drink and many moreitems these kids work on for our needs and wants.
This shouldn’t be any child’sjob to provide us with items we use in our everyday lives. I believe we don’tsee it because most of these items are well processed before we buy them, andwe end up giving the credit to a company or the person who designed theseitems. The table below is the list ofgoods produced by child labor or forced labor. There are more countries andgoods these kids work on. Reading the list was shocking. Country Goods Exploitation type Afghanistan. Coal, flowers(poppies), bricks, carpets Child labor, forced labor Ghana Gold, cocoa, fish Child labor, forced labor Ihave come to realize that there are many reasons to child labor but poverty isone main reason why children end up in child labor or trafficking.
Study hasshowed that poor families may push their kids into child laboring to survive.This usually happen in the developing countries where parents are unable tohelp raise an income for their family due to lack of unemployment’s. “childlabour is considered as part of the household chores children do to help theirparents. I do not consider this child abuse because we are making money that isused to pay their school fees”. This is a quote from a parent. If a child hasto work in unsafe environment that can harm their health sake of paying forschool fess to educate a child can go both ways. First, I think its ok if thechild is about 14 and works in a safe area to help pay their school fess since theirparents cannot do all. But then ask what kind of school are these kids gettinginto.
Is it impacting them? or will they graduate still being an illiterate.But if the child is below 13 and they have to work in an unsafe environment,then the child is being lead to an early death rate. This is when birthcontrols and family planning comes to mind. Familyplanning this the key to gender equality and women empowerments. And it is alsothe basic factor in reducing poverty. Yet in some developing countries, womentrying to avoid pregnancies are not practicing safe and effective familyplanning methods.
Most of these reasons range from not having access toinformation or service to lack of support from their community, government orpartner. This Terrorize these women abilities to plan and build a better futurefor themselves, their children, and communities. About214 million women in developing countries are trying to prevent theirpregnancies but they are not introduced to the modern-day contraceptives thatcan help them reduce pregnancies. 84 percent of all accidental pregnancies inthe developing countries are from southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Ifthese women have access to the contraceptives, birth rate would have droppedfrom 89 million to 22 million per year and if abortion is included, then itwill drop from 48 million to 13 million per year. these developing countriesdon’t even have access to free condoms.
Condoms are being sold, and to get oneis even a problem because the sellers always see the buyers as fornicators orwill even ask so many questions when they see you look young. This preventcouples and teenagers to practice safe sex. This all goes back to poverty andhow it leads children to work in unhealthy environment to help their families.If birth control was introduced to these women, then it can cut down the numberof children couples produce. This can help reduce poverty and focus on lesskids rather than more kids.
the more children one has; the more attention andmoney is used on these kids. “Guttmacher estimates that for each dollarinvested in expanded contraception access, global health funds would save $2.30that would have otherwise been spent on care for unintended pregnancies.” I really agree with her on that. Women in thesecountries need to be introduced to these birth controls to help avoidpregnancies which lead to child labor because they can’t afford enough money totake care of their kids.This map shows the type of contraceptives andthe country in which is commonly used all over the world. Lowaspiration is also another because this is the fact that parent believe it isonly a certain region or group of people that can afford an education to besuccessful. So, their mindset is on since I can’t provide that amount of money whynot put my kids in a position where they can make money and help the family.
Literacyis also another concern when it comes to child labor. Since the parents can’tprovide a high cost of education, they then lead them to working at a young ageor maybe taking them to an early marriage this usually happens when the otherfamilies provide them with promises like taking their kids to school orproviding a good job for them to help support their families. This is a story I found of two kidsthat survived child trafficking.
Lina is a victim of child trafficking inThailand. At the age of 10, Lina was taken from her parents in Cambodia whereher family lives, her traffickers took her away from her parent to sell on thestreets. They premised to send theirparents a percentage of what Lina makes to feed the families at home. When theygot to Thailand, poor Lina was sent to the streets to make sales. While hermates where in school getting an education. During the night time, Lina stoodoutside nightclubs for long hours selling flowers and candies to tourist. Hertrafficker took her earnings and beat her miserably wen the sales where low.
After two years of being on the streets, her trafficker decided to go back toher parents and get her little eight-year-old sister to join Lina in Thailand.After days of abuse Lina decided they must escape so she asked one of the nightclub workers to help them escape, he agreed and helped them. This ties back topoverty and illiteracy.
If the parents of these kids where not in a situationwhere they cannot afford to take their kids to school then this could have beenprevented. But since they are also illiterates, they really do not understandwhat their kids will be doing in another county. They settle for the fact thattheir children will travel, work and go to school at the same time and bringpart of her salary for us to spend. After spending months in Thailand, the girlsretuned to Cambodia. “TheDamnok Toek Poipet Reception Centre for trafficked and abused children” gavethe two sister a place to live, food to eat and individual counseling andschooling.
Today they are back with their family. Lina decides to be a teacherwhile her younger sister decides to be a nurse. The Damnok toek ReceptionCentre in Poipet, Cambodi is an organization. that provides kids with benefitslike food and shelter, counselling, medical care and education. these benefitsare usually for kids that are victims of child trafficking or at high risked ofbeing trafficked. “The Centre aims to prevent children from beingre-trafficked, and whenever possible, it helps reintegrate trafficked childreninto their families.
” Not every child in this condition can escapee from theirtrafficker and have this wonderful life. But luckily in Cambodia, they have anorganization that will help to when you are in such condition and even educateyou and they also provide health services. I think most countries should do thesame mostly the ones in Asia, and African continents. This will help most ofkids and end up with a bright future. Childlabor should not be entertained at all it should be stopped for its it illegal.
Child labor can be prevented in many ways if the government of the developingcountries work together to stop it. I believe one best way to prevent it is byproviding free education for these kids for they are our future leaders andlife savers of the world. I also believe there should be a lot of jobopportunities for parents so that these kids won’t end up in child labor. Birthcontrol options need to be shared with families for them to weigh theiroptions.
In addition, business wherechild labor occur should be banned and if a child need to work, it should startfrom a certain age like 15 and above. Work should be limited and parents needto work two times harder to prevent their children in unhealthy environment. Everychild deserves a happy childhood and bright future. Work cited. A Child is Meant to Learn,NOT to Earn! (n.
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In Developing Nations, 214Million Women Want to Prevent Pregnancy But Have NoContraception. Retrieved January 16, 2018, fromhttp://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/2017/06/29/in_developing_nations_214_million_women_want_to_prevent_pregnancy_but_have.html Family planning. (n.d.).
Retrieved January 16, 2018, from http://www.unfpa.org/family-planning List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or ForcedLabor, www.dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-labor/list-of-goods/.
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Retrieved January 11, 2018,from http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2013/June/world-day-against-child-labour-_-two-stories-of-hope.html QuickFacts About Child Labor. (n.d.).
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