Cold States sent mass quantities of war material

Cold War,Ke-Nuh Wynne & Zack FletcherWhat was life like before the Cold War? Life before the Cold War was harsh as it was because of the waging war against The axis powers (including Germany, Italy , and japan) , the concentration camps such as Auschwitz , and deaths of the innocent like the Jews , homosexuals , and civilians of both sides.     The allies who fought the axis powers included Britain , France , Canada , New Zealand , Australia , India , the Soviet Union , China , and the United States of America. One of their most recognizable battles with Germany was D-day in Normandy , France lasting from June 6 1944 to late August 1944.Roughly 156,000 Canadian , British , and American forces had went for and amphibious attack on 5 heavily fortified beaches across a 50-mile stretch and the allied forces had won against the Germans and in the following spring had claimed victory over the Nazis but what can be seen as an inspirational moment before the battle was when Dwight D. Eisenhower our 34th us president had told the troops, “you are about to embark on the Great Crusade, which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you.” Time before D-day, June 1941, the Soviet Union was being invaded by the Nazis and the attitude of the United States changed as they began to see an embattled country being over-runned by fascist forces. This attitude was reinforced in post-pearl harbor December 1941. Under the lend-lease act the United States sent mass quantities of war material to aid the soviets in withstanding the Nazis and the Nazi advance was stalled and then reversed in the battle of Stalingrad (now called Volgograd )1943.This battle was a defensive one, one of the bloodiest including combined casualties of military and civillians of nearly 2 million, and turning point in favor of the allies for the Nazis had been ordered to invade the only place with the name of Stalin and to take a strategic position in order to continue attacks in the Caucasus. Yet Russians had built defenses and a very able general V. I. Chuikov took command of the initial defending forces while Marshall Georgii K. Zhukov planned a counterattack. over time the invaders had run low on munitions and men, they had positioned themselves in a department store in the center of town. Field Marshall Eric Von Manstein had planned a rescue mission but hitler had ordered his men to not try to reach their rescuers and to hold their ground at all costs this decision was the choice that resulted in Hitler’s humiliation and wasted deaths of his men.     Sadly after World War 2 ended the tension between the US and USSR once again arose for three main reasons; the geopolitical, economic struggle but most importantly the ideological differences between two world superpowers, the USA and the USSR that started in 1947 at the end of the second world war and lasted until the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991.   None of the two groups were oppressing each other, it was an issue that the United States did not agree with the ideology of the U.S.S.R nor did they recognize or accept it. The differences between the two groups were, The U.S. wanted a democracy and a more free country if but the Soviet Union wanted to have a communist based place and there was no resolving these differences because the conflict was so old and this is where the major conflict began which lead to the Cold War.    This war is very important today because  it would have determined whether we lived in a communist country or not, such as North Korea forced rules, harsh punishments ,and other problems that come with these ideologies. Fortunately, the war ended and it shaped our lives today by haulting communism from gaining power over the west and helped create bonds through foreign alliances. This was an old unresolved conflict but started quickly after World War 2 . We would say that we could pinpoint the cause of the problem and that was the fact that we stated before, that the U.S did not want a communist country but the Soviet Union wanted the exact opposite.   Another war that was going on during the Cold War was the Vietnam War this war lasted from 1955 to 1975 while the Cold War lasted from 1947 to 1991. One could imagine that the United States was quite dispersed, having to deal with many opposing forces against them but they managed to hold their own.A more notable moment in the cold Had lasted from October 23 to November 10, 1956 the Hungarian revolt was a big thing for the locals. Those who lived in Hungary before  the arrival of the Soviet Union had to learn to survive with their communist oppressors in power, though leaderless at the beginning of the revolt it was the biggest threat to the u.s.s.r control since nazi Germany. Initially the revolt was a student demonstration involving a van with loud speakers attracting thousands as they marched through central Budapest to the parliament building. Entering the radio building students trying to broadcast their demands they were fired upon by state security police, one being killed then wrapped in a flag and carried by the crowd starting the revolution. Before the whole situation the Soviet Union had bombed part of the Hungarian capital and their troops poured in, at least 1,000 of their tanks had been sighted. This invasion had to been a response to yet another uprising in this event led by prime minister Imre nagy.           In response to the failed bay of pigs  invasion in 1961 and the presence of American Jupiter ballistic misses in Italy and turkey, Soviet leader Nikita khrushchev decided to agree to Cuba’s request to place nuclear middles on the island. An agreement was reached during a secret meeting between Khrushchev and Fidel Castro in July 1962 and the construction of a number of missile launching facilities started later that summer. Although the White House denied charges that it was ignoring soviet missiles 90 miles away from Florida the missile preparations were confirmed when an Air Force U-2 spy plane obtained photographic evidence of the missiles being produced. A military blockade was established to prevent any more missiles from reaching Cuba. Yet in 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev assumed the reins of power in the soviet Union. No one predicted the revolution he would bring, Gorbachev showed policies of glasnost and perestroika to the USSR. Glasnost meant a greater willingness on the Soviet officials and was an openness to allow western goods and ideas into the USSR. Perestroika allowed limited marketing to the Soviet Union. Gorbachev hoped these changes would spark the sluggish Soviet army. Unraveling of  the SOVIET BLOC began in Poland June 1989. Despite previous military interventions in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Poland, Polish elected a noncommunist government for there legislature. The world watched anxiously, expecting Soviet tanks to go to Poland and stop the new government from taking power. Gorbachev refused to act, eastern European communist dictatorships fell. East and West Germans were tearing down the Berlin wall with pickaxes, Demands for freedom soon spread to the soviet union. Estonia, Latvia, and lithuania declared independence. Talks of similar sentiments were heard in Ukraine, Caucasus, and the central asian states. In 1991 Gorbachev proposed a Union treaty, giving greater autonomy to Soviet republics, while keeping them under control. That summer Gorbachev was placed under house arrest. A coup by conservative hardliners took place. Boris Yeltsin demanded the arrest of the hardliners. The coup failed. Gorbachev was freed but with little legitimacy. December 1991, Ukraine Byelorussia, and Russia itself declared independence and that dissolved the Soviet union. America was shocked. Republicans were quick to claim credit for winning the cold war. Others pointed out that no one really won the cold war. Although after lasting for so long the war was officially over in 1991 and it has given the U.S new alliances and new hostilities one would not doubt Russia is involved but resident trump has claimed he will improve relations little has changed.Sources:”BBC ON THIS DAY | 4 | 1956: Soviet Troops Overrun Hungary.” BBC News, BBC, 4 Nov. 1956, news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/4/newsid_2739000/2739039.stm”The Cold War Erupts.” Ushistory.org, Independence Hall Association, www.ushistory.org/us/52a.asp. ushistory.org. “The Cold War Erupts.” Ushistory.org, Independence Hall Association, 2017, www.ushistory.org/us/52a.asp.History.com Staff, Staff. “Cold War History.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/cold-war/cold-war-history.Alpha history authors. “Cold War Quotations.” The Cold War, Alpha History, alphahistory.com/coldwar/cold-war-quotations/. In this secondary Pifer, Steven. “U.S.-Russia Relations Six Months into the Trump Administration.” Brookings, Brookings, 28 Nov. 2017, www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2017/07/26/u-s-russia-relations-six-months-into-the-trump-administration.”A Day That Shook The World: Cold War Officially Ends.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 22 Oct. 2011, www.independent.co.uk/life-style/history/a-day-that-shook-the-world-cold-war-officially-ends-2149069.html.”The End of the Cold War.” Ushistory.org, Independence Hall Association, www.ushistory.org/us/59e.asp.History.com Staff. “D-Day.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/d-day.”Why Is The Cold War So Important Today.” Prezi.com, 18 Jan. 2015, prezi.com/m/r8v5nou1b1ew/why-is-the-cold-war-so-important-today/.U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of State, 2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/pubs/fs/46345.htm.History.com Staff. “Battle of Stalingrad.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-stalingrad.

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