Committee: human rights and boiling hatred amongst nations

Committee:
Disarmament and International Security Committee.

Country:
Iran

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Topic 1: Banning development, possession and
use of Chemical Weapons (CW)

In
the modern era of the 21st century, we still see remnants of what
went on during yesteryear wars; That is, the mass destruction of the human
race, paramount violations of human rights and boiling hatred amongst nations
that have led to dire consequences worldwide. Various kinds of CWs ranging from
least toxic to extremely lethal ones have been employed over the past few years
as a result of the ongoing tension around the world. Iran has signed several
agreements concerning CWs including the Biological Weapons Convention, the
Chemical Weapons Convention, and the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) since the
Iran-Iraq war which affected millions of civilians and so, Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei banned the production and usage of these weapons on
grounds of national security and religious laws.

Modern
developments in nuclear science have had adverse effects as those such as rebel
forces, terrorist organisations and out of state countries take advantage of
this knowledge and convert it into weapons of mass destruction. Although no
rules can be placed against using nuclear energy and chemicals for educational
and research purposes, production of any sort of lethal weapon may be
regulated. The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has captured
98 percent of the world’s attention, as well as Iran’s, against weapon production.
OPCW strives to discontinue chemical weapons programs through stricter legal authority
and reinforcement of existing pacts on banning production of CWs, monitoring
nuclear consumption, stricter controls over delivery of weapons on the ground
and in the air and encouraging countries to be more transparent about their
nuclear activities.

The
OPCW recognises and has implemented many ways to support and improve the
Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) through providing technical assistance to
parties struggling to eradicate their nuclear stockpiles, The OPCW Network of
Legal Experts who are sent out to give reports on the status of implementation
in their home country, including problems encountered and assistance required
and The National Legislation Implementation Kit which need to provide states
parties with a concise and clear guide for national implementation of the CWC. The
OPCW receives ongoing support and partnership of other organisations such as the
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), African Union (AU), European
Union (EU) and the Pacific Islands Forum.

Countries
must initiate stern programs to improve border and customs controls to prevent
and detect the movement of terrorists and the illegal exchange in, inter alia, small
arms and light weapons, conventional ammunition and explosives, and nuclear,
chemical, biological or radiological weapons and materials. Rulers must
ameliorate regulation of home country’s imports and exports to catch
discrepancies and discourage the country’s links to terrorist organisations or
countries where nuclear weapons are active.

Recent
reports state that Iran has become the main sponsor of current terror attacks due
to its alliance with the infamous terror organisation, Al-Qaeda. The White
House assured that Iran is complying with the agreement to restrain its nuclear
program and has since then announced more sanctions on Tehran. Another solution
may involve super countries such as Russia and the USA to imply threat of
direct foreign military intervention to countries that are persistent on usage
of CWs.

Topic 2: Limiting arm trade

The
leniency and ease of weapons flowing in and out of countries nowadays has fuelled
many a terrorist organisation and acts almost as a gateway to terror and
destruction. Even today, in 2018, in countries such as the USA, it is easier to
purchase a gun than to be eligible to obtain birth control. Iran has portrayed
quite a controversial image concerning arms trade in recent years as it blocked
adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) during the treaty drafting conference
in 2013. Iran’s UN ambassador, Mohammad Khazaee had issued a statement that
Iran voted “no” as the treaty did not include the banning or transfer of
conventional arms to “aggressors” and “foreign occupiers”. As a consequence of
the conventional arms embargo levied in 2010, Iran has recorded a prominent
decrease in transfers of conventional weapons. Even post the convention,
however, because of the country’s ever-growing international separation from the
nuclear dossier, leading weapons exporters were hesitant to engage in arms
deals with Iran.

The
expanding arms embargo since 2006 meant that Iran was unable to openly procure
what it needed. Therefore, it, came to rely heavily on illicit methods. In this
regard, for as long as Iran remains under a UN Security Council (UNSC) arms
embargo, the ATT would restrain Iran because it aims to support and complement
other states’ adherence to those embargos. The ATT can also serve Iran because
signatories have the right to request legislative assistance, such as model
legislation, or institutional capacity-building assistance to set up effective
practices. In terms of exports, Iran does sell rockets as well as
small arms and light weapons, which are all conventional arms covered by the
ATT.

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