Computer that is normally intended to secure access

Computer misuse act 1990

 The computer misuse
act 1990 has 3 sections to it which are:

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Unauthorised access to computer material,
punishable by 12 months’ imprisonment (or 6 months in Scotland) and/or a fine
“not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale” (since 2015,

unauthorised access with intent to commit or
facilitate commission of further offences, punishable by 12 months/maximum fine
(or 6 months in Scotland) on summary conviction and/or 5 years/fine
on indictment

unauthorised modification of computer material,
punishable by 12 months/maximum fine (or 6 months in Scotland) on summary
conviction and/or 10 years/fine on indictment.

These define the punishments in which can be given related
to computer misuse. These charges can be given to anyone who commits a basic
offence which is classified as attempting to gain access to a computer or the
data that is stored it by using a function that is normally intended to secure
access to it. Any hacker using a piece of software to steal access information
is liable to be prosecuted but the condition is that the hacker must know that
the access attempt is unauthorised.


Copyright design and patents act 1988

The copyright design and patents act dictates the laws stand
point on anything to do with copyright infringement and patents of ownership.
There are a couple of categories that it covers such as:

literary, dramatic and musical work

artistic work

sound recordings and films


published editions

there are also works that are things that are exempt from
copyright law and these are mainly things that are released before 1 June 1957.
This act was created so that people could claim rights to their own
intellectual property and take action against those who are trying to plagiarise

Data protection act 1984,1998, 2000

Data protection act 1998 is a law that has been created
to make sure that personal details i.e. the wages they earn are handled
properly and safely. The person whose information that have been handled, have
the right to know what information of theirs has been held. For example,
accountants within a bank must not share details about their customer’s to
others within or outside of their organisation. The person who is handling
personal information must register with the DPA and obey the eight principles.

Freedom of information act 2000

The freedom of information act
allows an individual to request any copy of official information that has been
published by any form of public authority. The information that can be requested
can either be from the local government, the National Health Service (NHS),
educational premises such as schools, colleges and universities and
the police. This act also allows an organisation to refuse disclosure in many
circumstances, some of these circumstances include if the information is
already accessible by other means, if the information is to be publicly
published or if if it would be used against the interests of national
security and defence. I feel that maybe more measures should be put in
place to monitor what the intentions are of an individual or organisation that
wishes to view official information. As if the information is copied or
published without the Information Commissioners consent then it could cause a
lot of security issues depending on what official information is released to
the public eye.


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