Computer misuse act 1990 The computer misuseact 1990 has 3 sections to it which are:v Unauthorised access to computer material,punishable by 12 months’ imprisonment (or 6 months in Scotland) and/or a fine”not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale” (since 2015,unlimited) v unauthorised access with intent to commit orfacilitate commission of further offences, punishable by 12 months/maximum fine(or 6 months in Scotland) on summary conviction and/or 5 years/fineon indictmentv unauthorised modification of computer material,punishable by 12 months/maximum fine (or 6 months in Scotland) on summaryconviction and/or 10 years/fine on indictment.These define the punishments in which can be given relatedto computer misuse. These charges can be given to anyone who commits a basicoffence which is classified as attempting to gain access to a computer or thedata that is stored it by using a function that is normally intended to secureaccess to it. Any hacker using a piece of software to steal access informationis liable to be prosecuted but the condition is that the hacker must know thatthe access attempt is unauthorised. Copyright design and patents act 1988The copyright design and patents act dictates the laws standpoint on anything to do with copyright infringement and patents of ownership.There are a couple of categories that it covers such as:v literary, dramatic and musical workv artistic work v sound recordings and filmsv broadcasts v published editions there are also works that are things that are exempt fromcopyright law and these are mainly things that are released before 1 June 1957.This act was created so that people could claim rights to their ownintellectual property and take action against those who are trying to plagiariseit.
Data protection act 1984,1998, 2000Data protection act 1998 is a law that has been createdto make sure that personal details i.e. the wages they earn are handledproperly and safely. The person whose information that have been handled, havethe right to know what information of theirs has been held. For example,accountants within a bank must not share details about their customer’s toothers within or outside of their organisation. The person who is handlingpersonal information must register with the DPA and obey the eight principles.Freedom of information act 2000The freedom of information actallows an individual to request any copy of official information that has beenpublished by any form of public authority.
The information that can be requestedcan either be from the local government, the National Health Service (NHS),educational premises such as schools, colleges and universities andthe police. This act also allows an organisation to refuse disclosure in manycircumstances, some of these circumstances include if the information isalready accessible by other means, if the information is to be publiclypublished or if if it would be used against the interests of nationalsecurity and defence. I feel that maybe more measures should be put inplace to monitor what the intentions are of an individual or organisation thatwishes to view official information. As if the information is copied orpublished without the Information Commissioners consent then it could cause alot of security issues depending on what official information is released tothe public eye.