Describethe meaning of informed consent, and identify issues relating to it in research on human subjects.
Informed consent is a fundamentalethical requirements for research with human subjects. It is when a subject voluntarily agrees to participate in a researchstudy in which he or she has full understanding of the study before the studybegins (Nieswiadomy, 2014). The informed consent process is where theparticipant is informed regarding all aspects of the trial, which are importantfor the participant to make a decision and after studying all aspects of thetrial, the participant voluntarily confirms his or her willingness toparticipate in a particular clinical trial and significance of the research foradvancement of medical knowledge and social welfare (Nijhawan et al., 2013)Misunderstandings between theresearchers and the participants will result due to communication barriers suchas language differences and religious dogma. The individual who signed theinformed consent is assumed to have fully understand the information that isstated in the consent form but it is difficult to evaluate the level of understandingin the individual’s point of view. Therefore, there might some degree ofmisunderstanding that might occur. Besides that, other issue is theparticipants may have a false expectation regarding the research.
Moreover, the participants might get involvedin research projects that they did not approve of due to misunderstandings ormisinterpretation concerning the experimental procedures (Escobedo et al., 2007).In addition the participant’s perception regarding the research mightaffect the process of obtaining the informed consent because they afraid of theconsequences of the research on them.
In this case, disclosing information tothem might scare them away.In order to prevent issues related toinformed consent to occur when doing research, the researcher need to identifiedand credentials presentedØ subjectselection process is described; Ø purposeof study is described; Ø studyprocedures are discussed; Ø potentialrisks are described; Ø potentialbenefits are described; Ø compensation,if any, is discussed; Ø alternativeprocedures are disclosed, if any;