the meaning of informed consent, and identify issues relating to it in research
on human subjects.
Informed consent is a fundamental
ethical requirements for research with human subjects. It is when a subject voluntarily agrees to participate in a research
study in which he or she has full understanding of the study before the study
begins (Nieswiadomy, 2014).
The informed consent process is where the
participant is informed regarding all aspects of the trial, which are important
for the participant to make a decision and after studying all aspects of the
trial, the participant voluntarily confirms his or her willingness to
participate in a particular clinical trial and significance of the research for
advancement of medical knowledge and social welfare (Nijhawan et al., 2013)
Misunderstandings between the
researchers and the participants will result due to communication barriers such
as language differences and religious dogma. The individual who signed the
informed consent is assumed to have fully understand the information that is
stated in the consent form but it is difficult to evaluate the level of understanding
in the individual’s point of view. Therefore, there might some degree of
misunderstanding that might occur.
Besides that, other issue is the
participants may have a false expectation regarding the research. Moreover, the participants might get involved
in research projects that they did not approve of due to misunderstandings or
misinterpretation concerning the experimental procedures (Escobedo et al., 2007).
In addition the participant’s perception regarding the research might
affect the process of obtaining the informed consent because they afraid of the
consequences of the research on them. In this case, disclosing information to
them might scare them away.
In order to prevent issues related to
informed consent to occur when doing research, the researcher need to identified
and credentials presented
selection process is described;
of study is described;
procedures are discussed;
risks are described;
benefits are described;
if any, is discussed;
procedures are disclosed, if any;