ED Psych Final
James
Founded the field of american psychology
Hall
Founded American Psychological associationEncouraged teachers to make detailed observations to study their students development
Dewey
considered father of progressive education movement
Thorndike
1st ed psych textbookshift from the classroom to the labview proved to be to narrow
Piaget
4 stages of cognitive development
Freud
early childhood experiences were critical, especially for emotional/social and cognitive development
Bandura
Social cognitive theory- interations among behavior, environment, and personal characteristics
Vygotsky
Sociocultural theory- human activity takes part in cultural settings and cannot be understood apart from these settingsMental structures and processes can be traced to interactions with othersZPD- area between students current level and the level they could achieve with adult help
Bronfenbrenner
Microsystem- students imediate relationshipsMesosystem- family and teachersExosystem- social settings that affect the childMacrosystem- Culture
Siegler
rules assessment- understanding, challenging, and challenging the rules that students use for thinking
Erikson
connects person development to the social environment (Psycho social)8 life stages each involves a central crisis
Marcia
4 Identity AlternativesIdentify Diffusion- no conclusions about who they are or what they want to doIdentity foreclosure-do not explore options, commit to a life styleMoratorium-expolation with a delay in commitment to personal and occupational choicesIdentity achievement- explore relistic options, has made choices and is committed to pursuing them
Kohlberg
Divided moral reasoning into 3 levelsPreconventional-judement based on personal needsConventional-judgment based on others approvalPostconventional-good is determined by social standard
Gardner
Multiple intelligences
Pavlov
Classical Conditioning- involuntary
Skinner
Operant Conditioning- we behave in certain ways as we operate on the environment
Maslow
Hierarchy of needs ranging from survival to higher levels for intellectual achievement and finally self actualizationLower levels (Survival,safety,belonging, self-esteem)