Sanctions

In a legal background, sanctions are penalties imposed by the judges, parents, teachers for the sake of achieving a certain disciplinary action. A sanction can be defined as a punitive measure adopted by another country or countries against other nations for political reasons or other objectivesSanctions are strategic instruments of rectifying behaviors in order to structure a logical and effective conduct, ruling, control and discipline. Sanctions primary aim is to change a certain behavior of leadership, a regime, a culture or a gradual change in the behavior of a certain political power, nation, or an offender.PURPOSES OF SANCTIONSAccording to this chapter, the main purpose of a sanction is to rectify the behaviors of inmates. This can be achieved by disciplinary actions which involves depriving the prisoners some basic human rights.

For example, a brother was denied the freedom of movement for some hours. This steered him to the right direction and he was morally upgraded.  From this chapter, prisoners are sanctioned in order to avoid mischievous behavior.

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The principle purpose of this sanction is to restraint inmates who have desecrated or violated rules and regulations set out by the state. Another purpose of sanctions is to aid staff on the measures to adopt when punishing the offenders of both major and minor misconduct. This is done to mould self responsible individuals, hence smart citizens.Internationally, the main purpose of sanctions is to force a given country to implement the intended objective or to stop dictatorship for the sake of wellbeing of the entire citizens. For example, the UN economic sanctions were imposed through U.S.

back up to topple the government of Saddam Hussein from power. The primary purpose of all diplomatic sanctions was to compel Iraq’s to cooperate with the United Nations and in order to cause a change in its formerly hostile foreign policy and abuses of human rights. Sanctions are imposed on some nations to stop war and conflicts on certain local resources such as oil.A SANCTION ACCOMPLISH THE FOLLOWINGAccording to the chapter, a sanction should meet the desired motive. For example, the inmates should be punished to rectify their bad habits or misdeeds irrespective of the degree of the punishment.

Some times sanctions are tough such that abuse of human rights is involved. Sanctions are imposed to let the offenders to know that he cannot continue with the offence. For example, a thief cannot be allowed to continue stealing, gamblers cannot be allowed to go on besides first warning, and they must be punished to avoid this misconduct.Another mission sanctions should accomplish is to stop misconducts such as possession of illegal substances, making use of them or abusing them by intoxicating yourself, selling, or availing it to others.

Sanctions should stop use of alcoholic beverages, marijuana or any other drug which is used to cause a condition of intoxication especially to the under aged.If no sanctions, people would behave the way they want without control. Therefore, another purpose of sanctions is to maintain control and focus on good objectives. Major misconduct sanctions should accomplish the above missions by trying to stop bad behaviors. These misconducts include major rules violations such as sexual misconduct. Sexual misconduct involves consensual touching of the sexual organs or other sensitive parts of another person without his or her consent for the purpose of satisfying the sexual desire of either party. And if there is consent this should be done in the right place and not in a class. Note that hugging of a visitor at the beginning and at the end of a session is not sexual misconduct.

Internationally, the desired objective should a sanction accomplish is to remove bad rulers on power. The UN economic sanctions were imposed under the influence of the U.S. to remove Saddam Hussein from power.

The latest history of Yugoslavia, reveal how the astute use of sanction can lead to efficient containment.Types of sanctions.Different types of sanctions exist depending on the technicality of the matter and the aimed goal to be achieved not forgetting the degree of magnitude of the objective. For example, there is a misconduct sanction whose objective is to punish the offenders. Other sanctions include intermediate sanctions which are adopted by groups of people or government, disciplinary sanctions that are applied to the prisoners for violating the law, loss of privilege sanctions that are employed for minor misconduct. These sanctions are lenient.

For example, from (chapter 6), the brother was denied freedom of movement. Other sanctions exist for example, international sanctions, this include corrective measures adopted by a country or group of countries against another nation for political reasons. Mostly these types of sanctions are employed toward a given nation when there is a political abuse of human rights, mistreatment, dictatorship or genocide.Diplomatic sanctions, involve the elimination of diplomatic relationships, such as migration of embassies from a given nation to another due to political instability or enmity. In addition, economic sanctions exist; these are a ban on trade, possibly restricted to certain sectors such as access to weapons, or certain basic human needs such as food and medicine.Trade sanctions are applied whereby a certain country deny a targeted nation access to some products within the trading block, economic sanctions are applied for non-political objectives, classically as part of a trade disagreement, or for merely economic motif, and actually this involves tariffs or similar actions, rather than bans.