Sudan – The Sino Factor

China has significant trade relations with Sudan and it considers it in its best interests for the present Arab government to remain in power. A Boston Globe Editorial stated succinctly that China’s stake in Sudanese oil is significant, as it has made huge investments in this area. The government of Bashir is provided strong support by the Chinese and this enabled him to prevent the deployment of additional UN peacekeeping forces to stop the genocide in Darfur.

It would be no exaggeration to state that China’s support has perpetuated the Darfur genocide. Moreover, China has provided a large number of arms to the Sudanese, which are employed to kill the civilians of Darfur.  In fact there is a move afoot to name the 2008 Beijing Olympics as the Genocide Olympics (Seeking Sudan’s pressure point).

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A highly informative article in the Encarta Encyclopedia described Sudan as the largest country in Africa. The principal resources of this country are water, arable land, petroleum, chromite, gold and iron. However, water is not in sufficient abundance and conditions of drought have engendered famine like conditions. The cardinal hindrance to any development effort is the widespread and ongoing civil war. Most of the exports of Sudan are to countries like China, Japan and France: while its imports are chiefly from China, Germany and the United Kingdom (Sudan).A Washington Post new item described China’s investment in African nations, which was to the tune of billions of dollars.

It has made significant contribution to the development of infrastructure in these countries. Chinese aid is extremely attractive to these nations, because it does not insist on cessation of human rights violations and other such repressive and inhuman measures. Prior to the Chinese Premier Hu’s visit to Sudan, the US had impressed upon him to persuade the Sudanese government to accept the UN peacekeeping force and the US officials were extremely sanguine about the outcome. However, Hu did not compel Bashir to accede to this and on the other hand he wrote off a number of debts incurred by Sudan (Timberg).A major New York Times article describes the bestiality of Bashir and his total disregard for humanity. The main source of his strength is China, which has armed his army and the Janjaweed killers. Even women and children are not shown mercy by the cronies of Bashir.

Aid workers are beaten and molested on a routine basis. The developed world, but for the pitifully inadequate protestations of Bush, has chosen to refrain from taking any concrete measures to prevent the genocide. The reason for this reluctance is China’s support for Bashir (Kristof).In the Los Angeles Times it was held that the industrialized nations of the world are desperately dependent on oil.

This reliance on oil is so great that foreign policy is to a great extent molded by considerations regarding its procurement.  Thus the public posturing by world leaders that such dependence on oil should not result in a repeat of the US Middle East Experience is not accompanied by suitable deterrent action.  China with an eight billion dollar investment in the Sudanese Oil fields is unwilling to censure the murderous Bashir Régime. The emergence of China as a major economic power, which requires a great deal of oil has proved beneficial to the genocidal government of Bashir (`Just say no’ to oil).The arms sold by China to Khartoum had been utilized for attacking and wiping out a number of towns and villages in Darfur. Nevertheless, China has chosen to ignore the fact that the arms supplied by it had been employed by the Sudanese government and its proxies to commit acts of mass killings in Darfur (MURDER MADE IN CHINA).

As per the report of the Human Rights Organization – Amnesty International, army personnel and members of the Janjaweed militia captured the people from rural towns of Darfur and then took them remote areas. Subsequently, these abducted persons were killed (MURDER MADE IN CHINA).Such atrocities were disregarded by Chinese government, which turned a Nelson’s Eye to these mass killings, since it was reluctant to stop selling arms to Sudan. The latent reason for this was that the Chinese government’s oil company had invested a major portion of its foreign investments in the Sudan Oil fields. China’s attitude towards violation of human rights in Darfur clearly indicates its penchant to disregard morality in favor of economic benefit (MURDER MADE IN CHINA).

Subsequent to the adoption of a capitalist economic model, the Chinese require huge amounts of oil. This is essential for the huge number of automobiles and the several industries. Therefore, China vitally needs oil and natural gas and Sudan, which has abundant reserves of oil, has come under the Chinese influence. In return for oil, the Chinese provide arms, which in turn support genocide in Darfur. Therefore, the Chinese government props up the Arab government in Sudan.