Features of Different Types of Early Childhood Program Models

Choosing a scheduling theoretical account, forming the environment, and developing a plan program that is antiphonal to the demands of kids, Early on Childhood Educator ‘s, and households is a complicated and hard procedure.ECE ‘s must see many elements of kids ‘s development and combine their cognition of kid development with the preferable plan theoretical account doctrine when be aftering an environment for kids.

It is of import to cognize that many different plan theoretical accounts exist and that each plan theoretical account offers different characteristics.

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Class Field trip

We are traveling on a field trip! Tonight we are traveling to see 3 different Early Childhood Programs. Each plan is based on a different theoretical account or doctrine on how kids learn and win.

Waldorf Program ModeMontessori Program ModelFirst Nations Head Start Program ModelFirst Stop: Waldorf Program Model

Founder – Rudolf Steiner

Waldorf Program Approach

Curriculum and experiences come from the kids and that cognizing kids good is indispensable to be aftering a acquisition environment that supports kids ‘s whole development.Suggests that an arts-based course of study supports kids ‘s whole development, and so image, beat, motion, pulling, picture, poesy, and play are core constituents.Because of the arts-based experiences, attending to the environmental aesthetics is necessary.Contrary to the thought of many pedagogues, Steiner pointed out that instructors do non supply experiences for pupils. Adults provide the conditions, such as the stuffs, infinite, agenda, and options, but the kids lead the plan design and execution.Frequently asked Questions about the Waldorf Model: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.whywaldorfworks.org/02_W_Education/faq_about.

aspWhat is Waldorf Education?Answer: Based on the work of Rudolf Steiner, the course of study draws on the natural nature of kids, with accent on kids ‘s larning through imaginativeness and phantasy. Academic content is held to a lower limit while art and motion are the nucleus elements of the course of studyWhat is the Preschool & A ; Kindergarten Waldorf Program Like?Answer: The end of preschool and kindergarten is to develop a sense of admiration in the immature kid and fear for all living things. This creates an avidity for the faculty members that follow in the classs. The Waldorf Preschool ; a clip for imitation and drama immature kids live in a rich universe of drama and find. They are wholly unfastened and profoundly influenced by all that surrounds them. What they see and hear they imitate ; unconscious imitation is the natural manner of larning for the preschool kid. Everything around the kid is absorbed.

Consequently, the preschool is a universe of harmoniousness, beauty and heat.Toys in the preschool are made from nature ‘s gifts: wood, sea shells, rocks, pine cones, lamb ‘s wool. The simpler the toys the more active the kids ‘s imaginativeness can be.Formal rational or academic schooling is excluded from the Waldorf Preschool. With an active imaginativeness, energetic physical development, and a true wonder for the universe, kids are best prepared for the challenges of formal schooling and ulterior life.( Paraphrased from the South African Federation of Waldorf Schools )Preschool and Kindergarten activities include:storytelling, puppetry, originative dramavocalizing, dancing, motiongames and finger dramaspicture, pulling and beeswax patterningbaking and cookery, nature walksforeign linguistic communication and circle clip for festival and seasonal jubilationsWhat about the Waldorf Program for Elementary and School-Aged Children?Answer: Elementary and middle-school kids learn through the counsel of a category instructor who stays with the category ideally for eight old ages. The course of study includes:English based on universe literature, myths, and fableshistory that is chronological and inclusive of the universe ‘s great civilisationsscientific discipline that studies geography, astronomy, weather forecasting, physical and life scientific disciplinesmathematics that develops competency in arithmetic, algebra, and geometryforeign linguistic communications ; physical instruction ; horticulturehumanistic disciplines including music, picture, sculpture, play, eurythmies, chalk outinghandicraft such as knitwork, weaving, and woodworkingWhat is alone about Steiner Waldorf instruction? How is it different from other options? ( Public Schooling, Montessori, Head Start, etc.

) hypertext transfer protocol: //www.steinerireland.org/faq/ # 2Answer: The purpose of Waldorf schooling is to educate the whole kid, “ caput, bosom and custodies ” . The course of study is every bit wide as clip will let, and balances faculty members topics with artistic and practical activities. Steiner Waldorf instructors are dedicated to making a echt love of larning within each kid. By freely utilizing humanistic disciplines and activities in the service of learning faculty members, an internal motive to larn is developed in the pupils, making off with the demand for competitory testing and scaling. Some typical characteristics of Steiner Waldorf instruction include the followers:Academicians are de-emphasized in the early old ages of schooling.

There is no academic content in the Steiner Waldorf kindergarten experience ( although there is a good trade of cultivation of pre-academic accomplishments ) , and minimum faculty members in first class. Reading is non taught until 2nd or 3rd class, though the letters are introduced carefully in first and 2nd.During the simple school old ages ( grades 1-8 ) the pupils have a category ( or “ chief lesson ” ) instructor who stays with the same category for ( ideally ) the full eight old ages of simple school.Certain activities which are frequently considered “ frills ” at mainstream schools are cardinal at Steiner Waldorf schools: art, music, horticulture, and foreign linguistic communications ( normally two in simple classs ) , to call a few. In the younger classs, all topics are introduced through artistic mediums, because the kids respond better to this medium than to dry lecture and rote acquisition. All kids learn to play recording equipment and to knit.

There are no “ textbooks ” as such in the first through 5th classs. All kids have “ chief lesson books ” , which are their ain workbooks which they fill in during the class of the twelvemonth. They basically produce their ain “ text editions ” which record their experiences and what they ‘ve learned. Upper grades use text editions to supplement their chief lesson work.

Learning in a Steiner Waldorf school is a noncompetitive activity. There are no classs given at the simple degree ; the instructor writes a elaborate rating of the kid at the terminal of each school twelvemonth.The usage of electronic media, peculiarly telecasting, by immature kids is strongly discouraged in Steiner Waldorf schoolsTour: Waldorf Preschool: hypertext transfer protocol: //picasaweb.


In Class Discussion

What did you like about the Waldorf Program?Is there anything you did n’t wish about the Waldorf Program Model?Second Stop: Montessori Program Model

Founder-Maria Montessori


Montessori Program Approach

Montessori ‘s method requires instructors to carry on realistic observations and carefully fix environments with experiences that become more complex and that are self correcting.Children will interact with stuffs described as work undertakings. Children are given the pick of stuff that they wish to research, and the grownup show the stairss to be carried out when utilizing the new stuff. Then the kids may utilize the stuffs, which focus on day-to-day life, centripetal, academic, or cultural and artistic experiences.An illustration of a work undertaking in a Montessori schoolroom is smoothing places.

On a child-sized tray, the grownup organizes the buffing fabric, the Polish, and the places. The grownup demonstrated to the kids what each fabric is for, how to open the gloss, how to dunk the fabric into the Polish, how to use the gloss, how to buff the shoe and to reapply Polish. Once the presentation is complete, kids my pursue the work undertaking independently.

Frequently asked Questions about the Montessori Model


What is Montessori Education?

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.a-childs-place.com/faqs.html

Answer: Montessori is a doctrine of instruction popular throughout the universe that encourages and supports the flowering of a kid ‘s maximal possible by helping the kid to educate herself at her ain pace.A Its chief beliefs are:each kid is a alone person and has the ability to research her ain capablenesss given the right environment ;kids have sensitive periods for larning ( i.

e. , for linguistic communication, order, motion ) ;really immature kids learn through their unconscious absorptive heads ;observation is important ;appropriate developmental environments and outlooks are essential.AThe doctrine respects the individualism of the kid, her freedom and pick within limits.A The function of the grownup in the environment is to help the kid to run into her demands therefore taking her to research her individuality, independency and recognize her full potential.A An environment is prepared to steer the kid in ego directed activities with hands-on sensory activities.

A The concrete stuffs require motion and the usage of his custodies to develop his mind.A The doctrine respects the natural abilities and patterned advance of each single kid ‘s development.How does Montessori differ from traditional instruction? hypertext transfer protocol: //www.

a-childs-place.com/faqs.htmlAnswer: Montessori instruction differs from traditional instruction in many ways but likely the most cardinal difference is that Montessori is child-centered whereas traditional instruction is teacher-centered.A Please see the list of comparing below that has been adapted from the American Montessori Society:

Montessori Education

Traditional Education

early start in school ( 2-3 )late start in school ( 5-6 )3-year age scope per categoryone age per categoryfreedom to travel about & A ; choose workseated at deskscommunity atmospheresmall socialisationsingle lessonsbig group lessonsself-correcting stuffsteacher as beginning of repliesnatural, logical effectswagess and penaltieslonger free work periodsfrequent breaksenhanced course of studylimited course of studyadvancement of pupil as trialequal comparing as trialaccent on larningaccent on classsaccent on individualismaccent on conformanceadvancement at single rateone-year publicityaccent on “ self ” controlteacher as disciplinarianPeace in instructionbodily penaltystrong school/home tiessmall parent engagementobservation based advancement studiesranked study cardskid centered agendagrownup centered instructionWhy does Montessori hold mixed age groups? hypertext transfer protocol: //www.

apsva.us/155020101915521140/lib/155020101915521140/Frequently_Asked_Questions_about_Montessori_Education.pdfAnswer: Assorted age groups free kids to bask their ain achievements instead than comparing themselves to others. Older kids provide leading and counsel, and benefit from the satisfaction of assisting others.

Younger kids are encouraged by attending and aid from older kids. They learn through observation of older kids. At the same clip, older kids reinforce and clear up their cognition by sharing it with younger 1s. Children easy learn to esteem others, and at the same clip develop regard for their ain individualism. This interaction of different age kids offers many occasions for edifice community, every bit good as fostering the development of self-pride. This encourages positive societal interaction and concerted acquisition.

With assorted age groups and individualized learning how do Montessori instructors keep path of all the kids? hypertext transfer protocol: //www.apsva.us/155020101915521140/lib/155020101915521140/Frequently_Asked_Questions_about_Montessori_Education.pdf


Answer: The Montessori method is based on scientific observation. A cardinal facet of a Montessori instructor ‘s preparation is larning how to consistently detect when a kid reveals an particularly strong involvement towards a piece of cognition or accomplishment. Teachers observe for kids ‘s independency, autonomy, self-discipline, love of work, concentration and focal point. They besides observe for the temper of the category – an overview of the temper of the whole category every bit good as the temper of single kids.In add-on to maintaining observation notes, instructors keep records of lessons presented to single kids and record kids ‘s advancement in working toward command of accomplishments.

Is at that place excessively much single work in Montessori? Do kids larn how to acquire along with others? hypertext transfer protocol: //www.apsva.us/155020101915521140/lib/155020101915521140/Frequently_Asked_Questions_about_Montessori_Education.pdfAnswer: Montessori kids are free to work entirely or in a group.

Although younger kids do frequently take to work entirely as they master challenges, there are many facets of Montessori schools that help kids larn to acquire along good with others. They learn to portion. They learn to esteem each other ‘s work infinite. They learn to take attention of stuffs so other kids can larn from them.

They learn to work softly so others can concentrate. And they learn to work together with others to take attention of the schoolroom. As they get older, most kids choose to work in little groups.

Tour: Montessori Preschool

How are Waldorf and Montessori Models Different?

Please take some clip to read the undermentioned article titled Waldorf V Montessori. How are the plans the same? How are the two different?hypertext transfer protocol: //www.

jnorth.net/mindmaps/personal/parenting/parenting % 20research/Waldorfvs.Montesorri.htmlBeloved Class:If you are interested in larning more about the Montessori Method delight take sometime and bask the information provided below: The Video is a youtube picture so some of your computing machines may non open it up.Montessori Video: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.youtube.

com/watch? v=OM1Gu9KXVkkThe Montessori Method-The Classroom: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.circleofinclusion.org/english/approaches/montessori.htmlHead Start Approach: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.hc-sc.gc.

ca/fniah-spnia/famil/develop/ahsor-papa_intro-eng.phpThe Aboriginal Head Start On Reserve enterprise is designed to fix immature First Nations kids for their school old ages, by run intoing their emotional, societal, wellness, nutritionary and psychological demands.This enterprise encourages the development of undertakings that are comprised of the undermentioned plan constituents: civilization and linguistic communication, instruction, wellness publicity, nutrition, societal support and parental engagement.The plan encourages the development of locally controlled undertakings in First Nation communities that strive to transfuse a sense of pride and a desire to larn ; supply rearing accomplishments and better household relationships ; surrogate emotional and societal development and addition assurance. It is besides designed to help parents heighten their accomplishments which contribute to their kid ‘s healthy development.

Frequently Asked Questions about the Aboriginal Head Start Model

First Nations Head Start Standard GuideWhat is the aim of Aboriginal Head Start?Answer: To supply First Nation kids with the chance to develop their physical, emotional and societal demands in a culturally relevant environment. The end of Head Start is to supply all kids with a safe, nurturing and gratifying acquisition environment that supports their development with the accomplishments and cognition necessary to win in their present environment, in school and in life.

Does the Head Start theoretical account see Parent ( s ) /Guardian ( s ) as of import to a kid ‘s acquisition?


Answer: Head Start will supply First Nations parent ( s ) /legal guardians/extended household with aid and support in geting good parenting and life accomplishments through activities such as workshops and information Sessionss. Parent ( s ) /legal guardian ( s ) /extended household are of import spouses in the procedure of planning and implementing a course of study, and are important in reexamining the effectivity of it.What does a Head Start Curriculum Include?Answer: It is recommended that First Nations Head Start undertakings set up a course of study that reflects the developmental demands of the kids of the plan every bit good as the six plan constituents: nutrition, instruction, household engagement, societal supports, wellness publicity and civilization and linguistic communication. Development of a course of study may besides include input from an early childhood instruction specializer, parent ( s ) , Elders, cultural adviser and/or other appropriate resource individual ( s ) .A course of study may include, but non limited to the undermentioned constituents:provide chance to larn through dramasupply a balance of structured acquisition environments and natural environmentsprovide chance to heighten school preparedness accomplishments and cognitive developmentsupports mulct and gross motor developmentutilizations tonss of learning stuffs including, but non limited to age and culturally appropriate books, pictures, computing machine plans, playthings, guest talkersprovides acquisition experiences through nutrient readying and through trying a assortment of alimentary nutrients including traditional nutrientsencourages function playing and dramatic dramaencourages conversation and linguistic communication accomplishment developmentprovides the chance for the kids to show their feelings, concerns, thoughts and frightsprovides acquisition experiences that are age and developmentally appropriate and respective of the single kidsupply acquisition experiences that are culturally appropriateprovides chance to further develop socialisation accomplishmentsprovides larning chances to develop child consciousness of safety in the place, at school and in the communityallows for originative look through art, music, dancing, singing and storytellingprovides chance for centripetal larning including touch, gustatory sensation, odor. sight and hearingsupply both indoor and out-of-door activities and acquisition experiences


Components of Quality Programs

In Class Activity

Your friend is returning to work after holding been a stay-at-home parent. You have been asked to see a kid attention centre for this friend to find if it is a quality centre, one that you would urge for her kid.

What indexs or facets of quality will you be looking for?Quality IndexsQuality Indexs are predetermined outcome steps used to find the degree of quality to be achieved or that has been achieved.Indexs of Quality

Personal suitableness and educational readying of early childhood pedagogues

The Canadian Child Care Federation indicates the demand for early childhood pedagogues to hold experience and formal post-secondary surveies in early childhood instruction.ECE take part in uninterrupted acquisition that supports their Aress of involvement, specialisation, or identified demands.

They mentor new ECE come ining the field

Early on acquisition and kid attention environments

Early on acquisition and kid attention plans “ respond to kids ‘s demands by offering uninterrupted chances for larning and nurturance.The ends of the service or determined by the demands of the kids and the shared doctrines of parents and attention suppliers.All patterns that take topographic point are based on sound kid development theories and patterns.

Group size and ratios

Small group sizes support the quality of interaction among kids, equals and grownups, and they provide more chances for each kid to hold a one-on-one conversations with ECE ‘s.

Adult interactions

The early childhood pedagogue develops and nurtures an “ unfastened, friendly and enlightening relationship with each kid ‘s household and encourages their engagement.

ECE ‘s believe in common regard, trust, and co-operation among co-workers, equals, households, and community spouses.

Health and nutrition

Effective wellness and nutrition rules and patterns are function modeled on a day-to-day footing


ECE ‘s examine indoor and out-of-door drama infinite and programming schemes to guarantee that safety patterns are being followed, while leting and promoting kids to take safe hazards.


Early on larning an kid attention staff form partnerships among parents, co-workers, all degrees of authorities, preparation establishments, and provincial, territorial, and national organisations related to early acquisition and kid attention.

Respect for cultural values and diverseness

Early on acquisition and kid attention scenes incorporate household and community cultural attributes into the plan.

Appraisal and rating

Early on acquisition and kid attention plans set up a procedure for measuring and measuring all facets of their plan bringing. Action programs are developed, implemented, and evaluated at frequent intervals as a manner to supervise the intended alteration in pattern.

Family support

Early on childhood pedagogues respect and support the demands and properties of householdsElementss of Quality EnvironmentsTraditionally three critical elements were used to place quality Early on Childhood Programs:the adult/child ratiothe figure of kids in a groupthe staff ‘s professional instructionTypes of QualityStructural Qualityadult/child ratio ‘smaximal group sizeeducational preparation of the staffProcedure Qualityrelationshipsdevelopmentally appropriate activitieshealth professional consistenceparent engagementwarm, sensitive & A ; fostering attention givingHealth professional FeaturesEducation & A ; Experience – includes on-going professional developmentECE ‘s who have post-secondary instruction in ELCC tend to be more antiphonal to the kids, provide kids with stimulating activities that are developmentally appropriate & A ; back up the parentsStability & A ; Job Satisfactionhealth professional continuity is of import for babies & A ; yearlings because they are in the procedure of organizing attachment relationshipsECE ‘s that are satisfied with their new occupations are more likely to supply encouragement and counsel.Contextual Factorssubstructuredirectors/coordinators administrative manner and the organisational climerewardsworking conditions such as paid readying clip, chances for professional development and appropriate grownup kid ratiosauthorities ordinances and supportcommunity relationshipshousehold engagementEngagement | Exploration | Application | Connection | Topcreated 12-Oct-2009modified 04-Nov-2010glossaryright of first publication