Fidel Che Guevara, the two overthrew a corrupt

Fidel Castro’s greatest achievements
as a prominent communist leader have been ignored in humanitarian and
international history. From classifying as someone who knows nothing about
politics to becoming an icon in anti-imperialistic politics, Castro, despite
negative remarks, was an important figure in the fight against racial injustice
and world poverty. With the help of his ally, infamous Che Guevara, the two overthrew
a corrupt US-formulated government that was placing the citizens of Cuba under economic
and social distress.

            Castro’s legacy has
been tainted by the Cuban Missile Crisis, and a lot of his great achievements
and accomplishments have been shadowed. In the time of his presidency and
control over Cuba, he focused on many humanitarian acts in the Global South,
and the developing countries of his time. For example, Castro took an interest
into the internal situations weighing down on South Africa. South Africa, at
the time, was in a state of civil war and massive racial inequality. Fidel
Castro had made it a point to provide humanitarian aid to the oppressed native
Africans that were denied their civil rights. Nana Brantuo (December 2016), in
an article on PBS, addressed this by stating:

“He
focused largely on medical and educational collaborations and furthering the
fight against imperial rule — providing military assistance that led to
independence in Namibia and the end of apartheid rule in South Africa.
Thousands of Africans have been educated in Cuba over the past five decades
with costs of attendance being split between the Cuban government and the
government of the student’s nation.” (Brantuo, 2016)

            Brantuo
discusses the disagreement between millions of Americans and the rest of the
world, and how both viewed Fidel Castro as a leader. What many Americans who
criticize Castro do not know, was that Castro had been viewed as a hero to
these Africans. His efforts in South Africa had greatly and positively impacted
the people of Namibia, and it has since, been overlooked or ignored.

            While
many deemed Castro as an oppressive leader and “vicious dictator”, the Africans
native to South Africa and the African-Americans fighting for civil liberties
at the time, deemed him as a philanthropist to the Global South and even the
United States. Many of the Black Liberation movements in the United States were
very familiar with Castro’s attempts to break the racial indifference in the
world, and it was not uncommon for him to meet and discuss with one of the
movements most influential leaders, Malcolm X.

            In
addition to fighting to end racial injustice, Castro also excelled in providing
social services, education, and universal medical care to the people of Cuba,
despite being under strict embargoes. This enactment on Cuba, has often been
remarked by experts, as something the Global North and other rich countries struggle
with in providing to their own citizens. In an article by The Commonwealth
Fund, author David Blumenthal, M.D. (November 2016) states, “By almost all
accounts, Cuba’s health care achievements directly reflect the decisions of
Fidel Castro. The Cubans we met consistently reported that Castro personally
prioritized two services: education and health care.” This achievement alone, has
gained the most attention, of experts and critics of Castro’s presidency. What
is so special about this legislation, is that it was near impossible to be able
to financially take care of Cubans, with almost no access to imported goods or
services from the rest of the world. The fact that he decreased the infant
mortality rate from almost 40% to less than 5%, since the beginning of his
presidency, immediately after leading a revolution, proved his extensive
knowledge in politics and dedication to his cause.

            Many
arguments against Fidel Castro’s way of presiding in Cuba, mostly include the
disagreement of his decision to imprison a large number of native Cubans who simply
disobey laws, criticize, or attempt to rebel against his government. Many experts
have stated that the number of citizens imprisoned during his rule is an
unpleasant amount. The Miami Herald addresses this issue in an article by,
author Nancy San Martin (2003), stating, “Cuba today has an estimated 100,000
inmates in about 200 prisons and correctional labor camps, including 80 maximum
and lesser security penitentiaries, according to the Cuban Commission on Human
Rights and National Reconciliation, an independent organization in Havana.”
What critics love to argue, is that the number of prisoners per-capita in Cuba
is almost equal to that of the United States, a country whose population is
thirty times larger. However, this argument against Castro’s Cuba completely
falls since Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International’s, very own elected
officials, agree with the 100,000 amount. (San Martin, 2003) Thus proving that
Castro’s great achievements and struggle to imprint his name in history as a concerned
leader for world peace, far outweigh the miniscule indifferences in his
presidency.

            More
so, Fidel Castro’s accomplishments are not, and should not, be limited to just
the previously stated examples. Following the devastation of Hurricane Katrina
in 2005, Castro very assertively, offered medical assistance and humanitarian
aid to Americans directly affected. What could have been a late act of peace,
that would most likely end or ease the conflict between the two countries, did
not occur. The United States, would later, deny his offer for assistance. Thus,
leading to why it will not go down in history as one of Castro’s achievements,
but instead exemplified his concern for others. Moreover, from the
now-developed countries around the globe (that did allow for Castro’s
assistance) have since witnessed his commitment to ending both racial prejudice
and country-wide, if not, world-wide poverty. Focusing on Latin America and
along the Caribbean, with what little resources they had. Castro’s Cuba, had
shamed the world’s richest countries who each self-proclaim themselves as being,
the “most” humanitarian.