
A term used in survey research to refer to the match between the targetpopulation and the sample. 


Clear, understandable representation of the data 


A frequency distribution statistics. Normal distribution is shaped like a bell. 


The collection and presentation of detailed information about a particularparticipant or small group, frequently including the accounts of subjectsthemselves.



A model which represents a causal relationship between two variables. 


The specific probability of obtaining some result from a sample if it did notexist in the population as a whole, at or below which the relationship will beregarded as statistically significant 


1) A common statistical analysis, usually abbreviated as r, that measures thedegree of relationship between pairs of interval variables in a sample. Therange of correlation is from 1.00 to zero to +1.00. 2) A noncause and effectrelationship between two variables. 


A researcher’s ability to demonstrate that the object of a study is accuratelyidentified and described, based on the way in which the study was conducted 


Being able to account for changes in the design of the study and the changingconditions surrounding what was studied. 


A quality of qualitative researchers who strive to be nonjudgmental whencompiling findings 


How a measure or procedure appears.



A nonsequential text composed of links and nodes 


A tentative explanation based on theory to predict a causal relationshipbetween variables. 


A variable that is part of the situation that exist from which originates thestimulus given to a dependent variable. Includes treatment, state of variable,such as age, size, weight, etc. 


The extent to which two or more individuals agree. It addresses theconsistency of the implementation of a rating system. 


Chosen by determining which word, set of words, or phrases will constitute aconcept. According to Carley, 100500 concepts is generally sufficient whencoding for a specific topic, but this number of course varies on a case by case basis.



Process of corresponding variables in experimental groups equally feature forfeature. 


A qualitative research approach based on a researcher’s narrative account ofthe investigation, not to be confused with a narrative examined by theresearcher as data 


In hypertext, each unit of information, connected by links 


The target group under investigation, as in all students enrolled in firstyearcomposition courses taught in traditional classrooms. The population is theentire set under consideration. Samples are drawn from populations. 
