Genghis Khan and Mongolia

Even though Mongolia is one of the biggest country by area, it has a very small population. It is slightly over 3 million people. Mongolia is in Northern Asia, between China and Russia. Mongolia contains vast semi desert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central. Mongolia has sensational weather temperature, it has 4 season that it could get real serious if disaster happens. Mongolia is close to the equator, which means it is more close to the sky.

Capital city of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar and it has lot of pollution in the city. Mongolian government seeking for ways to deal with this issue. Mongolians people are ordinary smart people. Mongolia has very small population, it is only 3,133,318 people. Comparison to the world, Mongolia takes place in 134th out of 244 countries. In Mongolia most people are mostly Khalkha Mongol, which is 94. 9%. Turkic and Kazakh’s are 5% and other including Chinese and Russian 0. 1%. Mongolian population growth rate has increased in last few years, which is 1. 89% . Language in Mongolia is Khalkha Mongol 90% and in 10% many other languages are spoken. Religion in Mongolia are Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40%. Mongolians are not that religious people. Mongolia has a history of Genghis khan’s empire, he was the one of the amazing leader. That’s who we are Mongolian people. [ii] In 13th century, The Mongolians empire was very strong all the way through Genghis Khan’s death. During that time everything was under control of Genghis Khan. He was a dictator of all Mongolians.

After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these sadly broke apart in the 14th century. In late 17th century Mongolia came under Chinese rule for while. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with help of Soviet backing and communist system was installed in 1924. Mongolia still represents their culture nowadays in the world with their own unique style of living. (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but it was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election.

The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party. In 2010 the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. The prime minister and most cabinet members are MPP members. iii] [i] [ii] [iii][iii] Mongolia exports and imports many things. Result of 2010, so far Mongolia has exported $2. 899 billion amount of money items exported to many different countries. Mongolians imported $3. 3 billion in 2010. They imports such a things as machinery and equipment, fuel, cars, food products, industrial consumer goods, chemicals, building materials, sugar, tea. Mongolians importing partners are China 35. 99%, Russia 31. 56%, South Korea 7. 08%, Japan 4. 8%.

Mongolian Gini index Distribution of family income 32. 8 in 2002 result. Also, Mongolians participates in many international organizations. Some of them are “UN – United Nations, their aim is to maintain international peace and security and to promote cooperation involving economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian problems”, “ UNESCO- United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Their aim  is to promote cooperation in education, science, and culture. , “SCO-Shanghai Cooperation Organization their aim is to combat terrorism, extremism, and separatism; to safeguard regional security through mutual trust, disarmament, and cooperative security; and to increase cooperation in political, trade, economic, scientific and technological, cultural, and educational fields. Since Mongolian capital city is small, there are not enough work for everybody. The population below poverty line was 36. 1% in result of 2004. In Mongolia unemployment rate was 11. 5% in 2009. The labor force of Mongolia is 1. 68 million in 2008 and labor force by occupation is agriculture: 34%, industry: 5%, services: 61% in 2008. Debt in external was $1. 86 billion was 2009. Mongolian money is called tugrug and Exchange rates of togrog/tugriks (MNT) per US dollar 1,357. 5 in 2010. Mongolia have so many natural resources that we don’t use them all. The resources we have is oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron. They have a plenty of resources to use in the future.

Mongolia is a big country by area, but small population makes us weaker and not able to build and create new things a lot. New people exists every day, but many people die too and those who born they will become educated if they goes to the right path. The infant mortality rate is total of deaths is 37. 26% and new born babies are 1,000. Too clarify, males are 65. 85 years and females are 70. 89 years in result of 2011 est. The people who have HIV or AIDS based on adult prevalence rate was less than 0. 1%. Which is pretty good, but the people living with HIV or AIDS was fewer than 500 in 2009 est.

The deaths of HIV or AIDS is less than 100 in result of 2009 est. In Mongolia, Literacy is well because based on result of  2000 census it was total population was 97. 8%. Nowadays It is still remaining as it was before. The school life expectancy is total of 14 years to get primary to tertiary education. The education expenditures was 5. 1% of  GDP  in 2007. The two big issues that Mongolia facing today is how to get rid of the pollution from the capital city and how to make our transportation roads wider.

The capital city is Ulaanbaatar and its surrounded with big mountains, so the air is not traveling through. Mongolia has more automobiles than our population. Mongolia exports and imports many things. Result of 2010, so far Mongolia has exported $2. 899 billion amount of money items exported to many different countries. Mongolians imported $3. 3 billion in 2010. They imports such a things as machinery and equipment, fuel, cars, food products, industrial consumer goods, chemicals, building materials, sugar, tea. Mongolians importing partners are China 35. 9%, Russia 31. 56%, South Korea 7. 08%, Japan 4. 8%. Mongolian Gini index Distribution of family income 32. 8 in 2002 result. Also, Mongolians participates in many international organizations. Some of them are “UN – United Nations, their aim is to maintain international peace and security and to promote cooperation involving economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian problems”, “ UNESCO- United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Their aim  is to promote cooperation in education, science, and culture. , “SCO-Shanghai Cooperation Organization their aim is to combat terrorism, extremism, and separatism; to safeguard regional security through mutual trust, disarmament, and cooperative security; and to increase cooperation in political, trade, economic, scientific and technological, cultural, and educational fields. Since Mongolian capital city is small, there are not enough work for everybody. The population below poverty line was 36. 1% in result of 2004. In Mongolia unemployment rate was 11. 5% in 2009. The labor force of Mongolia is 1. 68 million in 2008 and labor force by occupation is agriculture: 34%, industry: 5%, services: 61% in 2008. Debt in external was $1. 86 billion was 2009. Mongolian money is called tugrug and Exchange rates of togrog/tugriks (MNT) per US dollar 1,357. 5 in 2010. Mongolia have so many natural resources that we don’t use them all. The resources we have is oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron. They have a plenty of resources to use in the future. Mongolia is a big country by area, but small population makes us weaker and not able to build and create new things a lot.

New people exists every day, but many people die too and those who born they will become educated if they goes to the right path. The infant mortality rate is total of deaths is 37. 26% and new born babies are 1,000. Too clarify, males are 65. 85 years and females are 70. 89 years in result of 2011 est. The people who have HIV or AIDS based on adult prevalence rate was less than 0. 1%. Which is pretty good, but the people living with HIV or AIDS was fewer than 500 in 2009 est. The deaths of HIV or AIDS is less than 100 in result of 2009 est.

In Mongolia, Literacy is well because based on result of  2000 census it was total population was 97. 8%. Nowadays It is still remaining as it was before. The school life expectancy is total of 14 years to get primary to tertiary education. The education expenditures was 5. 1% of  GDP  in 2007. The two big issues that Mongolia facing today is how to get rid of the pollution from the capital city and how to make our transportation roads wider. The capital city is Ulaanbaatar and its surrounded with big mountains, so the air is not traveling through. Mongolia has more automobiles than our population.

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