Geo politicalrelation between India and china Motivationfor choosing this topic The mainmotivating factors for choosing this topic are several some of them arementioned below1. Curiosity in the subject 2. Lack of knowledge of china 3. Lack of knowledge of trade relationswith China 4.
Curiosity to learn more about theborder disputes 5. Curiosity to learn more about the bilateralrelation between Pakistan and China I am hoping to learn more about the importance of geopoliticalrelations especially between two countries with a lot of significance.I am also wanting to understand the reasons for the borderdisputes. Originand nature The origin of Geo-Political relation between India and China startedin the second century BC through the “SilkRoad” the silk road played a vital role as historical network of traderoutes started by the Han Dynasty.This led to India and china prospering in trade between eachother since ancient times. Silk road also played an important role in the spreadof Buddhism as well as certain Chinese cultures in India.
Both china and India had signed a “Panchsheel Treaty” which is a non- interference treaty. This treatyhas 5 main principles which both the parties involved should adhere by1. Mutualrespect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.2. Mutualnon-aggression.3.
Mutualnon-interference in each other’s internal affairs.4. Equalityand cooperation for mutual benefit.5. Peacefulco-existence.
Borderissues China as the longest land border in the world, with 22,000 kmborder shared with 14 different countries, North Korea, Russia, India, Nepaljust to name a few.China’s quest for national security and then expansion hasbought the country right to the battel field. It is important to note that notall border disputes are about demarcation of the line itself, it could have todo with resource extraction, trade or exported labor etc.