How long is Mark compared to the other three gospels?
It is far and away the shortest of the gospels.
Why are Matthew, Mark and Luke called the “Synoptic” gospels?
They are called the “synoptics” because they are so similar in style and content.
How many chapters are there in Mark? How many words?
16, a little over 11,000
Which of the gospels has the most miracles based on the total number of words used in that in each gospel? Which has the least?
Mark has more miracles per total words used than any of the other gospels. John has the least.
What does the Gospel of Mark say about who wrote it?
It doesn’t say anything about authorship. It is anonymous in that sense.
What does tradition say about the authorship of Mark?
Tradition say it was written by John Mark, a disciple of Peter, and in that sense was a reflection on the life of Jesus by Peter.
What does tradition say about the authorship of Matthew?
Tradition says that Matthew wrote the first gospel originally in Hebrew for a Jewish audience.
What does tradition say about where the Gospel of Mark was written?
Tradition says it was written in Rome for Gentiles.
How does it being written for Gentiles effect its composition?
It tends to be shorter with lots of action and fewer (notice its fewer quotations not no quotations) OT quotations.
What does tradition say about the order in which the gospels were written?
Tradition says Matthew was first and then Luke and then Mark.
What word does Mark use over and over again?
He uses the word “immediately” some 41 times.
What is the “key” verse in Mark?
ESV Mark 10:45…For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.
The quote at the beginning of Mark, “Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way, the voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.” Where is does this passage come from in the Old Testament?
Is the quote actually concerned with making a real highway? What does it mean then?
NO. It is concerned with making all people level before God…uplifting the poor and sinful while simultaneously deflating the rich and prideful.
According to Mark 1:6, John the Baptist was unusually dressed.
What did he wear that set him apart?
A coat of camel’s hair and a wide leather belt
Who was John trying to look like?
Why did he want to look like Elijah?
To show that he was the forerunner of the Messiah.
What Old Testament passage promised the Prophet Elijah would come before the great and terrible Day of the Lord?
ESV Malachi 4:5…”Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes.”
John claimed he was not worthy to do what in relationship to Jesus?
Untie his sandals
Mark says that when Jesus was baptized by John something happened. What does he say that was?
He says that the Spirit of God descended upon Jesus like a dove.
God in heaven also addressed Jesus from heaven. What did he say to him?
You are my son. In you I am well pleased.
Mark says that after his baptism, the Spirit of God led Jesus to go into the wilderness. What happened to Jesus there?
He was tempted by Satan.
How much space does Mark give to the temptation of Jesus?
He give four words to it.
After Jesus came out of the wilderness, he went along the Sea of Galilee and called two brothers who were fishermen to follow him. Which of the disciples did he call first?
Peter and Andrew
What did the people at Capernaum say made Jesus’ teaching different than that of the scribes and Pharisees?
They said he preached with authority.
When Jesus preached in the synagogue at Capernaum a demon recognized him. Who did the demon say Jesus was?
He said Jesus was the Holy One of God.
Why is that so significant?
It indicates they knew Jesus before the incarnation.
What do I mean when I say they knew him before the incarnation?
I mean they knew him back in heaven before the angels rebelled against God. They knew him as the eternal Son before he became a man.
What was wrong with Peter’s mother that caused Jesus to heal her?
She had a fever
At the end of chapter 1, Mark said that Jesus’ many miracles had an impact in his being able to visit the towns around the Sea of Galilee.
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It made it much harder for him to enter towns because of the crowds following him
At the beginning of Mark 2 four men bring a friend to Jesus to be healed. What was the man’s issue?
He was paralyzed.
Since the men could not get to Jesus because of the crowd they had to be creative in order to get the man to Jesus. How did they do it?
They tore a hole in the roof of the house where Jesus was.
When Jesus saw the man his friends had brought to him to be healed, he said something to the man that made the Pharisees very angry. What did he say to the man?
Son, your sins are forgiven/
As a result of what Jesus said to the man, the Pharisees accused Jesus of a terrible sin. What sin did they accuse him of committing?
What was the man’s name that was sitting in the tax booth that Jesus called to be his next disciple? What is the man’s named used in the other gospels?
When Jesus went home with the Levi to eat supper, Levi invited a large number of people to join them. The Pharisees were angry with Jesus because of the kind of people Jesus ate with.
What did the Pharisees call them?
Sinners and tax collectors
Jesus responded to their objections by says that he had come not to call the ___________ but _____________.
Shortly after the previous scene the Pharisees got mad at Jesus because his disciples were not doing something John’s disciples were doing. What was it they were not doing?
They were not fasting the way John’s disciples were.
What answer did Jesus give as to why his disciples were not fasting?
He said wedding guests can’t fast when the bridegroom is with them.
At the end of the chapter, Jesus and his disciples were walking through a field on the Sabbath and ate some of the grain growing there.
It made the Pharisees very angry. What did Jesus tell them?
Jesus told them two things:(1) “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath and,(2) The Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath.”
What was the man’s physical disability at the beginning of Mark 3?
He had a withered hand.
Where was Jesus when he met the man with the disability?
He was worshipping in a local synagogue.
The Jewish official were upset that Jesus healed the man at the beginning of Mark 3. Why?
They were upset because he healed the man on the Sabbath.
Who were the Herodians?
Herodians were a Jewish political party that supported the rule of Herod as a minion of the Romans.
Who were the Pharisees?
The Pharisees were a conservative religious party in ancient Israel greatly beloved by common folk. They believed in the resurrection, life after death, miracles, keeping the Sabbath and the absolute authority of God’s word. They also accepted the tradition of the elders.
Who were the Sadducees?
The Sadducees were a less-conservative religious party in ancient Israel mostly disliked by the common folk. They did not believe in the resurrection, life after death, or miracles. They controlled the Temple and thus practice of religion in ancient Israel.
What does Jesus family say about Jesus when they try to see him but cannot get to him because of the crowds thronging to see him?
They remark that he was out of his mind.
Jesus’s enemies claim that Jesus was possessed by Beelzebub and that he worked his miracels by his power. Who was Beelzebub?
In Jesus’ day he was considered to be the chief prince of demons. His name is onomatopoetic…that is it sounds like the thing it describes…bzzzzz…his name means Lord of the Flies.
How did Jesus answer the charge that he was doing his miracles by the power of Beelzebub?
He said, “He said a house divided against itself could not stand.”
What later American president quoted Jesus’s statement about a house divided?
Lincoln during the Civil War
Why did Jesus get in the boat at the beginning of Mark 4?
To be able to speak to the crowd without getting crushed.
What is the parable Jesus tells in Mark 4? It is his first parable.
the parable of the Sower
What reason did Jesus give for speaking in parables?
He spoke in parables so that his hearers might hear but not understand.
Paraphrase “He who has ears to hear, let him hear.
What I am saying is really important, so pay attention and then act on what I say.
What OT book was Jesus quoting when he gave his answer about parables?
What does the seed symbolize in Jesus’ parable?
The Word of God
What do the different soils symbolize?
Different people and how they respond to the Word of God
Who does the “birds” symbolize in the parable?
The devil and his demons
What does Jesus say will happen to those who hear the truth and act on it?
He says they will be given even more truth.
What is Jesus point in comparing the Kingdom of God to a mustard seed?
His point is that it starts off small and grows into something big.
Mark 4 ends with the disciples and Jesus crossing over the Sea of Galilee at night. What happened?
A dreadful storm arose and they woke Jesus up and he spoke to the storm and it grew still.
Where does Mark say the possessed man came from at the beginning of Mark 5?
He says he came from out of the tombs.
What does Mark says about the man’s chains and shackles? Why include that?
He says the man broke all the chains and shackles with which people tried to subdue him. To show how powerful he was.
What does the demon in the man ask Jesus not to do to him?
He asks him not to torture him.
Jesus then asks the man his name. What does the man answer? What is the significance of his name?
Legion, His name means a large number…somewhere between 1,000 and 5,000
When Jesus casts out the demons in the man they ask to go somewhere else. Where?
They ask to go into some nearby pigs.
Chapter five ends with two stories sandwiched together. Who are the principal characters in the stories besides Jesus?
Jairus and his twelve year old daughter and a woman who had been bleeding for twelve years.
What word connects the two sandwiched stories?
The number twelve
What does the woman in the story do to Jesus?
She touches the hem of his garment hoping to be healed of her illness.
Why do the mourners at Jairus’ house laugh at Jesus?
They do so because Jesus tells them Jairus’ daughter is not dead but sleeping.
Where was Jesus when he said, “A prophet is not without honor, except in his hometown and among his relatives and in his own household.”
His hometown Nazareth
How many brothers does Mark 6 say Jesus had? What were their names?
Four: James, Joses, Judas, and Simon
How many sisters does the text say Jesus had? What are their names?
At least two, the text doesn’t say.
In Mark 6, Jesus sends out his disciples two by two to preach the gospel and to cast out demons. What does he tell the disciples to do if a place refuses to receive them?
He tells them to shake of the dust of their feet as a testimony against them.
Who did Herod think Jesus was when he heard about the miracles Jesus was doing?
He thought he was John the Baptist back from the dead.
Who did the crowds think Jesus was? From which book of the OT did they get that idea?
Elijah…ESV Malachi 4:5.
..”Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes.
What was Herod’s wife’s name?
Why did Herod lock John the Baptist away in prison?
Because he preached about Herod’s incestuous relationship with his sister-in-law.
What did Herod offer his stepdaughter after she danced for him?
He offered her whatever she wanted up to half his kingdom.
What did she ask for? Did Herod give here her request?
She asked for the head of John the Baptist. Yes, he did so reluctantly.
Later in an isolated area Jesus tells the disciples to feed the multitude. How much money’s worth of bread do they say it will take to feed the crowd?
200 denarii (plural form of denarius)
How much money was a denarius?
It was an amount equal to one day’s pay.
What miracle occurs at the end of Mark 6? It is the only miracle recorded in all four gospels.
The feeding of the 5,000
What did Jesus use to produce the miracle?
5 small loaves and two fish
How many baskets of scraps did they pick up after the miracle?
EXPLAIN the connection and progression between the first four paragraphs in Mark 7.
The first paragraph has to do with Jesus’ disciples not washing their hands according to the tradition of the elders. Jesus explains that it the tradition of the elders is not equal to the law of God. He quotes Isaiah where it says, “This people honors me with its lips but not with it’s heart.”The second paragraph has Jesus give an example of just what he means. He mentions Corban and how the Pharisees violate the fifth commandment in order to keep the tradition of the elders.
The third paragraph has Jesus explain that it is not what goes into a person that defiles them but rather what comes out. He quotes the Ten Commandments extensively to make his point.The fourth paragraph takes place with the Syrophoenician woman who demonstrates a right understanding of the law and how it makes all people needy before God.
She understands the law better than the Pharisees.
Chapter eight begins with what seems like a retelling of the feeding of the 5,000. How is it different?
There are fewer people only 4,000 and Jesus uses 7 loaves and a few fish (2 or 3?).
It seems that the main point in Mark 8 is not the feeding of the 4,000 but the lack of understanding by the disciples. How does it do that?
It does that by relating the interchange between Jesus and the disciples in the boat crossing over the lake when the disciples forget to bring bread.
How many scraps had they picked up after the feeding of the 4,000?
7 baskets full
Once they got in the boat to go to the other side of the lake, the disciples got really nervous when Jesus brought up the issue of leaven. What is leaven?
Leaven is yeast and a symbol of sin.
How is yeast a symbol of sin?
Even a small amount will spread throughout an entire loaf of bread.
What miracle does the man from Bethsaida ask of Jesus?
He asks to have his sight restored.
The chapter ends with Jesus asking the disciples who people were saying he was. He then asks Peter who he thinks Jesus is. What does Peter say?
He says Jesus is the Christ…the Messiah
Right after that Jesus tells the disciples that he must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes and be killed, and after three days rise again. When he says that Peter rebukes him.
What does Jesus say to Peter?
“Get behind me Satan!”
Jesus then says the call to discipleship is costly. How exactly does he put it?
He says, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me.”
At the beginning of Mark 9, Jesus takes three of his disciples up on a mountain and is transfigured there. Who are the three disciples?
Peter, James ; John
What does it mean to be transfigured according to the text? (I am wanting to know how it describes the transfiguration.
Jesus looked the same as always but began to shine like the sun.
How is Jesus transfiguration connected to the Old Testament?
His transfiguration reminds the reader of the Shekinah glory of God in the Old Testament.
What famous historical characters appear at his transfiguration?
Moses and Elijah
What sections of the OT do Moses and Elijah represent?
The Law and the Prophets
What assertion does Jesus make after the transfiguration regarding John the Baptist?
He says John was the promised Elijah for all who will accept it.
When Jesus comes down off the mountain after the transfiguration he finds his disciples with a man and his son whom they are unable to heal. What was the boy’s problem?
He was possessed by a demon that made him mute.
The boy’s dad speaks to Jesus not in faith but in doubt and asks says to Jesus, “If you can help will you please do so?” What was Jesus’ response to the man?
“All things are possible to him that believes.
Later his disciples ask Jesus why they could not heal the boy. What was Jesus’s answer to them?
He said, “This kind can only be cast out by prayer.”
After this miracle the disciples got in an argument with each other. What did it concern?
It concerned who would be the greatest.
At the end of Mark 9 the disciples want to stop someone doing miracles in Jesus’s name. What does he tell the disciples?
He says, “Those not against us are for us.”
In Mark 10, the Pharisees ask Jesus about divorce. Jesus asks the Pharisees what the opinion of a famous historical character was regarding divorce. Which character does he refer to?
The Pharisees believed divorce was permissible on almost any grounds. Jesus disagreed and quoted the OT to make his point. What passage did he use?
He used Genesis 2…the wedding of Adam and Eve.
What sin did Jesus say a person was guilty of if they divorced their mate without a proper cause?
In Mark 10, Jesus corrects the disciples or keeping a particular group away from him. What group was it?
At the end of the chapter, a young man comes before Jesus, kneels down, and calling him Good Master asks how he may obtain eternal life. Jesus rebukes the young man. Why?
He rebukes him for calling him “good” saying, “No one is good but God.”
Was Jesus denying that he himself was good?
Hardly. He was rather making the point that is was God.
When the young man told Jesus that he had kept the commandments from his youth Jesus gave him one more task to accomplish. What was it?
He told him to sell all his possessions and to follow him.
Did the young man do what Jesus told him to? Why or why not?
No he did not. He was very rich.
What dramatic statement does Jesus make about the salvation of the rich?
He said it was easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God.
What specific request did James and John make of Jesus at the end of Mark 10? What does it remind the reader of that occurred earlier in Mark?
They ask to sit on his right and left in his kingdom. It reminds the reader of the argument as to who would be greatest.
At the end of Mark 10, Jesus meets Bartimaeus on the way to Jericho. What does Bartimeaus want from Jesus?
He was blind and wanted Jesus to give him his sight back.
Mark 11 contains the account of Jesus’ triumphal entry into the city of Jerusalem at Passover.
What do the crowds shout as he enters the city?
“Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!”
Mark 11 then includes two separate stories that are literarily and theologically closely Connected. Those two stories involve a tree and something Jesus did in the Temple. What are the two stories and how are they connected?
Jesus cursed a fig tree because he no fruit on it and then he cleansed the temple of the moneychangers and merchandise sellers. The connection is that neither group was producing the kind of fruit it should have.
What OT book does Jesus quote at his action in the Temple?
ESV Isaiah 56…”My house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples.”
At the end of Mark 11, the Pharisees question Jesus as to the authority he claims for doing what he does. He explains he will answer their question if they will answer his question first.
What question doe she ask them?
He asks whether John’s baptism was from God or man. They refuse to answer the question.
In Mark 12, Jesus tells the parable of the unrighteous tenants. What does the vineyard represent? Who do the tenants represent? Who does the owner represent? Who do the servants represent? Who does the son represent?
Vineyard = Israel,Tenants = the Israelites,Owner = God,Servants = the prophets of old,Son=Jesus
Mark 12 says the Herodians and Pharisees began to conspire to kill Jesus. Why is that odd?
Because they hated each other.
Next in Mark 12 the Pharisees try to trap Jesus with a question about paying taxes. How does Jesus answer their question?
He ask to see a coin and noticing it has Caesar’s picture on it he tells them to give the thing belonging to Caesar to Caesar but to give the thing with God’s image on it (themselves) to God.
Next the Sadducees try to trip up Jesus by asking him a stupid question about a man that had been married seven times. The reason they asked the question is because they did not believe in the resurrection. They wanted to know whose husband the man would be in the resurrection. How does Jesus answer their question?
He say that in the resurrection there is no such thing as marriage.
What passage does Jesus quote to make his point? How does the passage prove Jesus’ argument?
He quotes Exodus 3:6 where God tells Moses, “I am the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.” Jesus’s point is that if Abraham wasn’t still alive God would have had to say, “I used to be the God of Abraham…”.Obviously, it’s a brilliant answer.
In Mark 12:28 one of the scribes asked Jesus, “Which commandment is the most important of all?” How does Jesus answer him?
You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength,”and ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
What two OT passages is Jesus quoting?
Deuteronomy 6 and Leviticus 19
How does Jesus’s answer sum up the Ten Commandments?
The first table of the law concerns our actions toward God while the second table concerns our actions toward other people.
At the end of Mark 12 Jesus makes note of a poor widows offering of two small copper coins.
What observation does Jesus make regarding her offering?
He says it was greater than all the other offerings because it was all she had to give.
At the beginning of Mark 13, the disciples make some passing comments about the beauty of the stones used to build the Temple. What does Jesus warn them?
He warns them it will all be torn down and destroyed.
What are some of the signs that Jesus warn will precede these events?
False Messiahs will arise.There will be wars and rumors of wars.For nation will rise against nation.
There will be earthquakes and famines.Christians will be persecuted and bear witness.
Jesus then says there will be something called the “Abomination of Desolation.” It’s an allusion. To what does it allude?
It alludes to the defiling of the temple by Antiochus Ephiphanes.
Did the Abomination of Desolation actually occur?
It occurred in 70 AD when the Romans destroyed and profaned the temple and Holy Place.
Why were the Pharisees so afraid to kill Jesus during Passover?
They were afraid of the common people breaking into an uproar.
While he was staying with Simon the Leper at Bethany just before Passover a woman came in and anointed his head with ointment. What kind of ointment?
Nard or spikenard, an ointment made from a plant that grows in Mongolia and China.
The plant is rare. It only grows between 9,000 and 16,000 feet in altitude. Very expensive.
Some of the disciples griped about the woman’s action (one of the other gospels says it Was Judas). They complained because the ointment could have sold for _______________ denarii.
Jesus told his disciples to leave the woman alone. He said what she had done was beautiful. He said her action was anointing him for his _________________.
Jesus also said that wherever the gospel is told to the whole world that the woman’s action would be told in __________________ of her.
The disciples did what they were told and the man led them to a large _________________________.
When Jesus told the disciples one of them was to betray him, they asked him who it was. He said:
“It is the one to whom I give this sop of bread.
Speaking of Judas, Jesus said, “It would be better for him had he never __________________________.”
ESV Mark 14:22…And as they were eating, he took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to them, and said, “Take; this ______________________________.”
is my body
ESV Mark 14:22…And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it. 24 And he said to them, “This is my blood of the _____________________, which is poured out for many.
After the Last Supper Jesus and his disciples went over to the Mount of Olives to a Garden called ________________________.
He asked Peter, James and John to some aside with him and to ____________________.
But they could not because they kept falling asleep.
pray with him
When the Pharisees and the guards came to arrest Jesus, Peter attacked one of the guards and ___________________________________.
cut off his ear
Again the high priest asked him, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?” and Jesus answered him:
“I am and you will see me seated at the right hand of power and coming with the clouds.”
Upon hearing Jesus’s answer, the High Priest _________________ and charged Jesus with ____________________.
tore his clothes, blasphemy
Mark explains that each year at Passover he used to release someone from prison as an act of kindness to those worshipping. He asked the crowd whether they wanted him to release Jesus. The crowd shouted, “No. Release Barabbas.” Why is that ironic?
It is ironic because Barabbas’ name means “Son of the Father.”
Mark 15:15 says Pilate had Jesus scourged.
What does that mean?
It means he was savagely beaten with a Cat O’ Nine tails a special kind of whip.
Mark pays special attention to how Jesus was mocked by the Romans. List some of the ways they mocked him.
They placed a purple robe on him.They gave him a crown of thorns.They knelt before him and called him King of the Jews.
Who did the Romans compel to carry Jesus’ cross?
A man named Simon of Cyrene
What was the most likely reason the Romans had to compel another man to carry Jesus’ cross?
The most likely reason is that Jesus was probably too exhausted to carry the cross himself especially having been beaten and scourged.
He was probably extremely dehydrated from blood and fluid loss.
What time of day did the crucifixion of Jesus take place?
The text says it took place at the third hour. Since time was reckoned from sunrise or about 6:00 in the morning that would mean it took place at 9:00 AM. Jesus died at 3:00 PM.
What happened at noon during the crucifixion of Jesus?
The sky went black and stayed black until he died.
The Romans offered Jesus a sort of anesthetic. What was it? Did Jesus take it?
They offered him myrrh mixed with wine. He refused it.
What dramatic thing happened at the Temple when Jesus died?
The curtain or veil of the temple tore or rent from top to bottom exposing the Holy of Holies.
Who pled with Pilate for the body of Jesus?
Joseph of Arimathea
What is at issue in Mark chapter 16?
The main issue is that older manuscripts omit the last half of Mark 16 while the newer manuscripts contain it.