Greek and Latin Roots Ch. 19-30
19. contradict
v. to say the opposite of something someone else has said; to deny the truth of something. The witness’s statement will ____ what the criminal claims happened.
19. dictation
n. the act of speaking words that someone writes down or that a machine records; the act of dictating words.

The business executive used a tape recorder for _____ that his secretary could transcribe later.

19. dictator
n. a person who rules a country with total authority, often in a cruel or brutal way. Hitler is one of the most notorious _____ in history.
19. predict

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to say what will or might happen in the future. A weather man’s job is to _______ the weather so that the public can be prepared.

19. verdict
n. the decision made by a jury in a trial; a judgment or opinion about something. The jurors agreed on a guilty ______.
19. neonatal

of, relating to, or taking care of babies in the first month after birth. Jolie brought her daughter to see a _____ cardiologist.

19. neoclassical
adj. relating to a style of art or architecture like the ones found in ancientGreece or Rome. The architect most liked designing buildings in the ______l style.

19. televise
v. to broadcast something by television.

Coach said they’re going to ______ this week’s game.

19. telecommunication
n. the technology of sending and receiving signals, images, etc. over long distances by telephone, television, satellite, etc.

______ methods make it easy to keep in touch with friends and family.

19. telescope
n. a device shaped like a long tube that you look through in order to see things that are far away. Jeremiah was fascinated with space and asked for a _____ for his birthday.
20. geographic
adj. of or relating to the natural features, population, industries, etc.

of a region. We studied the ______ information of each continent.

20. geography.
n. the natural features, population, industries, etc.

of a region. Mr. Benson is teaching us about the ______ of Europe.



n. a person that studies rocks and soil in order to learn about the history of the earth. After the eruption, a ______ came to study the volcano.

20. geology
n. the science dealing with the earth’s history as recorded in rocks and layers of soil; the rocks, land, and processes of land formation of a particular area. Joseph was very interested in learning about the ____ of Hawaii before he visited.


n. the art or science of agriculture. The student searched for a college that offered courses in _______.
20. abstain

to choose not to do or have something. My diet requires me to _____ from simple sugars.

21. abdicate
v. to leave the position of being a king or queen; to fail to do what is required by a duty or responsibility. Tsar Nicholas II was forced to _____ the throne as the Russian Revolution began.

21. abnormal
adj. different from what is normal or average; unusual especially in a way that causes problems. The doctor called to let her know that the results of the blood test were ______.

21. dysfunctional
adj. the condition of having poor and unhealthy behaviors and attitudes within a group of people; the state of being unable to function in a normal way. Drew has one normal and one ______ kidney.
21. dyslexia
n. a condition in the brain that makes it hard for a person to read, write, and spell. Betsy has _____, but overcame early problems with reading.

21. degrade
v. (1) to treat something or someone poorly and without respect. It was inappropriate for the teacher to degrade the student. (2) to make the quality of something worse. An oil refinery might ______ the air quality.

21. gradual
adj. moving or changing in small amounts; happening in a slow way over a long period of time. I prefer a ______ increase in homework over a sudden increase.
21. graduate

to earn a degree or diploma from a school, college, or university; to move from one level to a higher level. Most seniors choose which college they want to attend before they ______.

21. progressive
adj. moving forward; using or interested in new or modern ideas. The banker’s ______ disease continued to worsen.

21. regress
v. to return to an earlier and usually worse or less-developed condition or state.

A child showing the early signs of autism might ____ around the age of two. When a child regresses, he may lose some speech or stop talking altogether.



adj. having good or pleasing qualities; worth having or getting. The house should sell quickly since it’s located in a _____ neighborhood.
21. vulnerable
adj. easily hurt or harmed physically, mentally, or emotionally; open to attack,harm, or damage. The soldiers knew they were most _______ at the bottom of the hill.

21. visible
adj. able to be seen; easily seen or understood; known to or noticed by the public.

On a clear, dry night, the northern lights are sometimes ______.

21. flexible

capable of bending or being bent; easily changed; willing to change or try different things. I’m ______, so we can eat whatever you’d like.



adj. able to be changed back to an earlier or original state; able to be stopped and not causing permanent damage or changes; having two sides that can be used. If you don’t like the new hair color, it is ______.
22. eject
v. to push something out; to force someone to leave. The referees will _____ any players fighting from the game.


n. the act or process of forcing a liquid into something; the act or process of forcing a liquid medicine or drug into someone by using a special needle. Most vaccines are given by ________.
22. interjection
n. a spoken word, phrase, or sound that expresses sudden or strong feeling. You should refrain from using an ______ in a formal essay.


v. (1) to cause light, a picture, or a movie to appear on a surface. The teacher projects the problem of the day onto the screen in the front of the classroom. (2) to plan, calculate, or estimate something for a time in the future. The contractor will ______ an estimated cost for the building.

22. reject
v. to refuse to believe,accept,or consider something. If the editor doesn’t like the article, he will ______ it, and it will not be published.
22. selfish

having or showing concern only for yourself and not for the needs or feelings of other people. Jarod was being _____ and refused to let anyone else read his comic books.

22. squeamish
adj. afraid to deal with or do things that might hurt or offend people; having an unpleasantly nervous or doubtful feeling; having a sick feeling in the stomach. Mary gets ______ when she’s around raw meat.

22. combative
adj. having or showing a willingness to fight or argue. His _____ disposition makes him an aggressive lawyer.
22. impressive

deserving attention, admiration, or respect; making a good impression. The well-dressed gentleman handed over an ______ resume.

22. intensive
adj. involving very great effort or work.

This advanced algebra class is much more _____ than I expected.

23. descriptive
adj. giving information about how something or someone looks, sounds, etc.

; describing with words what someone or something is like. Marjorie’s paragraph included many ______ details about her favorite dessert.

23. manuscript
n. the original copy of a play, book, or piece of music before it has been printed. The actor decided to audition for the play after reading the ________.
23. prescription

a written message from a doctor that officially authorizes someone to use a medicine or treatment; a medicine or drug that a doctor has authorized someone to use. The doctor wrote a _______ for antibiotics for the sick child.

23. scribble
v. to write something quickly and in a way that makes it difficult to read; to draw lines and shapes that have no particular meaning in a quick and careless way. The teacher told him to write his spelling words, but all the naughty child did was _____.
23. transcribe

to make a written copy; to write down something that is spoken. The secretary will ______ the list from his boss’s recorder.



adj. of or relating to a whole group or class; not sold or made under a particular brand name. Despite the fact that Dad prefers name brands, Mom buys _____ food to save money.

23. domestic
adj. of, relating to, or made in your own country; relating to or involving someone’s home or family; relating to the work that is done in a person’s home. Granny was an expert on _____ tasks such as cooking, cleaning, and sewing.


adj. having a desire to be successful, powerful, or famous; not easily done or achieved. The _______ young executive hoped to be president of the company someday.
23. prestigious
adj. inspiring respect and admiration; having high status.

His new position at the university was more ______ than his previous job.

23. orderly

neatly and methodically arranged. The teacher insisted on a straight and ______ line when walking in the hallway.

25. judgment
n. (1) a decision made by a court. The court will announce its judgment.

(2) the ability to make good decisions about what should be done. Use good ______ when deciding what’s appropriate to wear to school.

25. jurisdiction
n. the power or right to make judgments about the law and to arrest and punish criminals. The court has ______ over criminal offenses that occur in the county.


n. a member of a jury (a group consisting of members of the public who are chosen to make a decision in a legal case). The ______ was excused from jury duty because of her chronic illness.


n. the crime of telling a lie in court after promising to tell the truth. After she lied on the witness stand, the judge found her guilty of ________.
25. prejudice
n. an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group based on race, gender, religion, etc. The company has a history of _______ against women when promoting executives.


n. a business deal; an occurrence in which goods, services, or money are passed from one person or account to another; the act or process of doing business with another person or company. The entire business _______ took place over the phone.

25. transform
v. to change something completely and usually in a good way. New paint and flooring can ______ the look of any room.


n. a change from one state or condition to another. She isn’t quite ready to begin the _______ from Kindergarten to first grade.
25. automatic

having controls that allow something to work or happen without being directly controlled by a person; happening or done without deliberate thought or effort. When I asked to go to the party, Mom gave an _______“no.”

25. autonommy

the state of existing or acting separately from others. Mrs. Dell stresses individual _______ in the fifth grade.

26. dismal
adj. very bad or poor; showing or causing unhappiness or sad feelings. The atmosphere in the church during the funeral was _____l.

26. malfunction
v. to fail to function or work properly. When a store’s point-of-sale equipment ______, no customers can be checked out.

26. malice
n. a desire to cause harm to others. The prosecutor had to prove that the crime was committed with ______.
26. malignant
adj. very serious and dangerous; tending or likely to grow and spread in a rapid and uncontrolled way that can cause death; cancerous. A biopsy can determine if a tumor is ____ and needs treatment.

26. manourish
v. provide with insufficient quality or quantity of food or nourishment.Sometimes an animal will malnourish its young.
26. interfere
n. to become involved in the activities and concerns of other people when your involvement is not wanted; to stop or slow something or to make something more difficult.My brother wants to constantly ______ with my life!


n. used or accepted for a limited time; not permanent. Since the mayor resigned, an ______ mayor will have to take over until a new mayor can be elected.
26. interstate
adj. relating to or connecting different states; existing or occurring between states, especially in the US.

The committee discussed ways to increase ______ commerce.

26. intrastate

existing or occurring within the boundaries of a state, especially in the US. The governor is attempting to promote _______ relations.



adj. occurring within ones mind or thoughts. My emotions tend to remain _______.
27. dismiss
v. to send someone away; to cause or allow someone to leave early; to decide not to think about or consider something or someone. We must wait for Mrs.

Crocker to _____ the class before we can leave.

27. mission

a task or job that someone is given to do; a specific military or naval task. Devin is on a _______ to raise money for the orphanage.



v. to leave out someone or something; to not include someone or something. My teacher told us to ______ number eight from the assignment.
27. submit
v. to give (a document or piece of writing) to someone to be considered or approved.

Contestants must ______ an essay by noon Tuesday.

27. transmit

to send (information, sound, etc.) in the form of electrical signals to a radio, television, or computer. The internet is an efficient way to ____ data.

27. expand
27. exceed


27. periscope
n. an optical instrument that provides a view of an otherwise obstructed field, used to look over or around something.

The sailor kept the_____ above the water just long enough to take a rapid observation.

27. peripheral

not relating to the main or most important part; connected to a computer but not an essential part of it; of or relating to the area that is to the side of the area you are looking at. Use your ______ vision to remain aware of what’s going on around you.

28. inspect
v. to look at something carefully in order to learn more about it or find flaws or problems; to officially visit a school, hospital, or the like to see if rules and/or laws are being followed. Tomorrow, the principal will _____ students’ lockers.
28. perspective
perspective – n.

a way of thinking about and understanding something such as a particular issue or life in general. Molly asked for Jim’s ____ on the reasons for going to war.

28. prospect

the possibility that something will happen in the future; an opportunity for something to happen. They are disturbed by the ____ of losing electrical power for several days following the hurricane.

28. spectator
n. a person who watches an event, show, game, or activity, sometimes as part of an audience.

Hundreds of _____ waited for the parade to begin.

28. speculate

to consider something and make guesses about it; to form ideas or theories about something when there are many things not known about it.It’s difficult to ______ about what the criminal was

28. anonymous
adj. not named or identified; made or done by someone unknown; not distinct or noticeable. An _____ donor gave enough money for the toddler to have the surgery she needed.


n. a situation of confusion and wild behavior in which the people in a country, group,organization,etc. are not controlled by rules or laws. With the substitute teacher here, there was _____ in the classroom.
28. apathy

the feeling of not having much emotion or interest. My brother showed total ______ about my problems in school.

28. anemia
n. a condition in which a person has fewer red blood cells than normal and feels very week and tired. The boy missed a lot of school because he suffered from _____.

28. atheist
n. a person who does not believe that God exists.

Nick was an ______ before he changed his beliefs and converted to Christianity.

29. survival
n. the state or fact of continuing to live or exist, especially in spite of difficult conditions. The probability of _______ is higher than ever for cancer patients.


n. a lively or energetic quality; the power or ability of something to continue to live, be successful, etc. Frequent exercise will improve your _____.


adj. absolutely necessary or important; essential. The nurse played a _____ role in the man’s recovery.

29. vitamin
n. a natural substance that is usually found in foods that helps your body to be healthy; a pill containing vitamins. Many breakfast cereals are fortified with ____.
29. vivacious
adj. happy and lively in a way that is attractive.

The contestant’s _____ personality shone through and was reflected in the judges’ scores.

29. synthesis

something that is made by combining different things. My ideas are actually a ______ of all of our ideas.

29. synthetic
adj. made by combining different substances; not natural. The fabric on my dress is ____.

29. synagogue
n. a building where people gather for Jewish religious services. Carly attends services at the ____ with her family twice weekly.

29. symposium
n. a formal meeting at which experts discuss a particular topic. Many doctors attended the _____ on thyroid cancer.


n. the feeling that you care about and are sorry about someone else’s trouble, grief, or misfortune. A best friend will always be there with ______ when you need someone.