Heroin is an opioid drug that is derived from the common medical pain killer, morphine. Heroin is also known as diamorphine. This drug is highly addictive and damages the body more than almost any other drug. It is a common drug for addicts because of how easily accessible and due to how addicting it is to the body. It is nearly impossible to quit and the body will crave it for the rest of its life. The origins of heroin dates back to the late 1800s, where a pharmaceutical company in Germany, Bayer Pharmaceuticals, began manufacturing it as a cure for morphine addiction. For many years, opium was a very common drug and boomed throughout the US. This causes a lot of worry to the states. To treat the opium addictions, morphine was used. It was thought to be a less addictive version of opium. The morphine addiction then became worse than the opium one. Then, to treat the morphine addiction, heroin was used. Heroin turned out to be the worst of all. Heroin swept the nation. It poses many threats to the body and does not get better. Heroin affects the body and mind in many ways. The drug affects the brain by entering the system and the body changes it into morphine. It then binds to opioid receptors in the brain. These receptors send euphoric signals to the brain and body. It can even provide pain relief and dopamine secretions. The levels of dopamine get much higher when the body consumes heroin. The drug can cause your brain to produce up to 10 times the amount of dopamine than your brain regularly produces. Your body will eventually become more tolerant to heroin. Your pain threshold lowers when you consume the drug more and more. The drug creates a feeling of constant pain without it. This causes your body to crave it, resulting in withdrawal. The long term effects is where the drug really takes a toll on your body. The drug affects your long term memory, decision making, and controlling social behavior. Heroin causes the user to have trouble getting help. This is because they have trouble setting goals and trying to achieve them. The addiction is nearly incurable. It damages the mind so badly that the user depends on it. It is common for users to try and get help, see some success in treatment, then relapse shortly after. The mind makes the body crave the drug. There are many different types of treatment for heroin addiction, but there is no cure. There are different types of treatment, behavioral and medications. The treatments main goal is to return the brain back to normalcy. In some cases, they work. But in other cases, they just push the person to relapse. The body will continuously crave the drug. Once heroin is put back into the system, the patient is back to beginning. The dependency on the drug relapses, along with the consumer. Behavioral treatments for patients include therapy and residential treatments. For the therapy, the therapists talk about reasons for the using and things like this. They also begin to manage how the patient uses the drug and will push them off of it. Other drugs are used as a substitute as they are going through rehabilitation. These treatments are very effective when combined with medications and also just support from their loved ones. The treatment process is a long and risky one, but often helps. If the patient wants to get better, they have to dedicate themselves. There are many drugs and medications that are used to treat the addiction. Medications act similarly to the actual drug. They target the same receptors and produce a similar result. They are much safer and less likely to hurt the body and brain. There are three types of medications: agonists, which target opioid receptors, partial agonists which are the same but a smaller effect, and antagonists, which block the receptors so there is no signal sent to the body. There are many different medications that can be prescribed to treat the addiction. Buprenorphine is a drug that is used as a treatment to relieve cravings. It does not produce a “high feeling.” This is a very effective drug. Another drug that is used frequently is Naltrexone. This drug is an antagonist. The drug blocks the actions of opioids all and all. This is commonly used while the person is “high.” Patients often have trouble accepting the drug, though. Manh other drugs are used, and if they are used properly, they can help treat the addictions.