History A french neurologist, Jean Martin Charcot identified the disease Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as ALS back in 1869. The disease is also known by the name of Lou Gehrig’s diseases. Lou Gehrig was a famous baseball player who played for the new York Yankees back in 1939. He was known as the “iron man” since he was indestructible.
Until he noticed one day that something was wrong. Few months later then being diagnosed with ALS. CausesAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is a disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and in the spinal cord. A chemical imbalance can cause the nerve cells to be destroyed.
People with ALS have high levels of glutamate, which is a chemical that sends messages to the brain. High quantities destroy the cells. Another cause of ALS may be an unorganized immune system. The immune system may attack some body cells, which may possibly be killin nerve cells. Symptoms There are different stages of ALS. Theres the early stage, middle stage, and then the late stage.
What may occur during the during the early stage is the muscles may get weak and soft, which cause muscle cramping to occur. During the middle stage, some muscles become paralyzed, causing weakness in breathing and swallowing to occur. In the last stage most muscles are paralyzed.
Mobility is extremely limited, and speech may not be possible. Prevention Studies show that eating bright colored foods, especially yellow, orange, and red may prevent or slow the diseases. Carotenoids are antioxidants, and they are what add the bright red, orange or yellow color to our fruits and vegetables. People with high antioxidant intake have been shown the decrease the chance of ALS. Treatments There is no cure for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. It is not treatable. However there are medications that slow down the progression.
Riluzole is an example. Riluzole is a pill, and what it does to the body is it blocks the release of a compound called glutamate. Glutamate is known to injure nerve cells. Other than medications there’s always different kinds of therapy they may apply support. Speech and physical therapy help with ALS in ways like helping maintain your cardiovascular fitness, and teaching you techniques to make your speech more clearly understood.DemographicsA little over 6,000 in the US alone get diagnosed every year. ALS care database states that 60% of people with ALS are men, and 93% of the people are caucasian.
People who develop amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are between the ages of 40 and 70, however there are cases where people in their 20s and 30s are diagnosed. Half of the people that are diagnosed live about three or more years after being diagnosed. Only about up to ten percent will live more than ten years.