Holidays The Chinese New Year or the Spring Festival is one of the major and best known holidays of the Chinese culture.
It is rumored that the holiday began during the Shang Dynasty(c.1600-1046 BCE). Traditionally the Chinese New Year is a time to honor ancestors and gods and hope for a new year of good luck and prosperity. For good luck and prosperity some traditions fireworks, decorating houses red, wearing the color red, and giving young people money in red envelopes and lighting lanterns.
The Chinese New Year goes with the lunar-solar Chinese calendar, the dates for this holiday ranges each year. In the Chinese calendar, each new year has an animal. There are twelve animals symbols that rotate for each year, these animals symbols are the rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, rooster, dog and pig.
The holiday fifteen days long, it starts with the new moon and end to the full moon. FoodsK?o ròu(BBQ Meat) is one of the most known in China. They are spiced meats and are often sold in restaurants and street carts. The meat comes in many variations that can include chicken, gizzards, and lamb with a few others. K?o ròu are often served on a stick.Ji?o zi (Dumplings) is another well-known traditional dish in China. The dumplings are usually filled with beef, pork, or vegetables and are either steamed or fried. There are dippings which people use and the locals use black vinegar mixed with a chili sauce for its unique taste with the dumplings.
Wontons are like dumplings but they are smaller in size and they have a thinner skin made out of flour, egg, and salt. Wontons are often filled with beef, pork, crab, duck or cream cheese. And are steamed or fried. When wontons are steamed they are served with broth. When wontons are fried they are served with soy sauce or sweet and sour sauceCultural Landscape of the United States in MinnesotaThis is a Chinese Christian church located in the Twin Cities where the people go to worship God according to the teaching of His words.
They also have Mandarin Sunday School, English Sunday School, and many other services. In 1949, Mrs. Torjesen, a returned missionary from China, invited a few Chinese students at the University of Minnesota to start a bible study group. Three years later, Mr.
and Mrs. Victor Christianson, a missionary couple who returned from China, came to lead the growing fellowship in Minnesota. LanguageChina has many languages, the most prominent being Mandarin, China’s national language, and Cantonese, spoken in Southeast China. There are multiple types of dialects and minority languages. Chinese characters are also known as ‘??(Han Characters), they are the oldest continuously used writing system in the world, dated back to as far as the Shang Dynasty. Spoken Chinese is in the form of tonal syllables, each syllable corresponds to a Chinese character and can be written using the English alphabet in a pronunciation notation called pinyin.
One of the benefits of using one single writing system is that people who speak different dialects can understand each other’s writing, and therefore communication can go on without much struggle. There are two ways to write Chinese the “traditional” way or the “simplified” way. Simplified characters have fewer pen-strokes than traditional Chinese characters. People who are literate in simplified Chinese characters may not be literate in traditional Chinese. Cantonese speakers have also developed an informal slang or phonetic characters. These characters are used in addition to traditional Chinese characters in an informal setting, like in comics or magazines. The informal characters are used to sound out the Cantonese dialect. Chinese Push/Pull Factors Chinese immigration was pulled to American looking to be rich, because of the California Gold Rush, and hoping that they could send money back to their families back in China.
Another Chinese pull factor was that America represented the hope of freedom from intolerance built up from one individual’s view. America symbolized something for them, something they couldn’t get in China back then.Lastly, the pull which is said to the most important to Chinese immigration was the economic hardship due to the growing British dominance throughout China after Britain won against China in the Opium War. Chinese Legends The Legend of Meng Jiangnu is the most famous and widely spread of all the legends about the Great Wall, which happened during the Qin Dynasty.
It tells of how Meng Jiangnu’s heartbreaking weeping made a section of the Great Wall collapse. Her husband was sent to build the Great Wall and when she went to him after not hearing from him so long. Sadly, when she arrived her husband was dead already causing her to shed many tears. Her painful howl caused a section of the wall to come down. Nian is a story that explains why Chinese New Year’s is celebrated with lots of noise. Once there was an ugly, scary monster called Nian who regularly came down from the mountains to hunt people. The people were so scared that they locked themselves when Nian came but one wise old man proposed that they should stick together and chase Nian away. So they did, with the noise of drums and fireworks.
The Dragon is a hero in Chinese mythology, the collector of the water, which in Chinese beliefs brings rain for their crops. Dragons were the symbol of bringing wealth and good fortune, it also uses good magic to help people that are in trouble. The dragon is used for the celebration of Chinese New Year which is believed to get rid of evil spirits that would harm the New Year. Chinese ReligionsAlthough ninety percent of the people in China consider themselves non-religious or atheist, there are still several religions in China. The main religions are Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Christianity, and Islam. Buddhism is the most followed religion in China since Buddhism spread to China from India 2,000 years ago.
Most Han Chinese people are Buddhist, but the Tibetan people of China make up a substantial amount of the Buddhist population in China. There are over nine-thousand Buddhist temples in China some which built two-thousand years ago. One temple is the Jokhang Temple. The Jokhang temple is in Lhasa, China.
The Jokhang Temple is well known for its beautiful architecture and history with Buddhist Tibetan pilgrims. With a long history, Taoism was started in China 1,700 years ago. Taoism is one of the few indigenous religions in China. Taoism is popular in the rural areas of central and eastern China. There are fifteen-hundred Taoist temples in China, one of the most popular is the Baiyun Temple, also known as the White Cloud Temple in Beijing, China. The Baiyun Temple was built in the Ming dynasty and is known for its long history and architecture. Islam spread to China 1,300 years ago from Arab countries. Islam is very popular in the Xinjiang Uygur Region, where ninety-five percent of the population practices Islam.
Another place Islam is very common is in the Gansu and Qinghai provinces. In China, there are over twenty-six thousand, mosques one of the prominent mosques in China is the Great Mosque of Xi’an built in the Tang dynasty known for its different architecture than Arab mosques and beauty. The last major religion is China is Christianity.
Christianity came to China in the nineteenth century, when China came out of its isolation. This attracted many missionaries which spread Christianity all over China. There are many churches in China, one is the St. Joseph’s Church in Beijing, China. This church is known for its beautiful Romanesque architecture.
Lantern Light Festival is a six week celebration of Chinese culture. The tradition has been around for 2,000 years, and it includes big lanterns, performances, and food. The Lantern Festival is an important celebration, marking the return of spring. Lighting the lanterns symbolizes illuminating the future and the reunion of family. The lanterns stay on the ground and are made by Chinese artisans and usually takes four weeks and a team of seven to complete. Chinese Harbin Garden in Minneapolis, MNDavid Fong’s, A Chinese restaurant in Bloomington, MNThis is a buddhist temple is Minnesota, it has chinese architecture.