The land upon which Samuel Greg built his mill in 1784 had many advantages. Near to the grounds of the mill there was a river. This was The River Bollin (shown in source 4). The river provided maximum power for the water wheels in his mill to be worked.
Greg built a mill pond to make sure that water would always be available. In summmertime the water would evaporate and there would be nothing left, this is why Greg built a storage place for water so the water saved from springtime would be there to be used for summer. In the winter water would freeze up, but because Greg had stored water beforehand this wouldn’t be a problem. A dam was also made opposite the mill which stored and released water whenever needed. Because of this, they rarely went short of water.The water wheel inside the mill ensured the flow of water was right when it was used for working the mills so the cotton would be spun to perfection.A manmade waterfall called a Weir was also near the river, this helped increase the force of water being directed to the wheel.
A sandstone valley stood close to the mill. This provided free building materials for Greg because he owned the land it stood in. There was never any shortage of sandstone as it was always available.
A stable block for the horses was built from sandstone. Greg travelled by horse to keep to his budget, any other form of transport was just too expensive.The cotton Greg used was ordered from America.
From America it would be imported to the docks in Liverpool and then made its way by carriage to the mill. The cotton would arrive in blocks.Source 6 shows the Farm Fold cottages in Styal which were used as an habitation for Greg’s apprentices and servants. The cottages were quite luxurious, they were spaceous, clean, had front gardens etc.
.Samuel Greg chose Styal for a number of reasons, he knew that his partner, John Massey would help him with the work. Greg signed the lease for the grounds because he knew that what he was getting was well worth the money.
And eventually, he made the money back. Greg’s intuition probably told him that the cotton mill business would grow to be a great success. He went on to build five more mills.Overall, Styal was the ideal place to build a mill. It had everything needed to be a success.