How papaverine that has been used for both

How has opioid crisis shaped America as we know it? A recent thirty-five minute speech made by President Donald Trump can be a source in which can address the issues of opium. This speech was delivered by the cable news network C-Span and was published October 26,2017. The speech consisted of Trump’s perspective on the opioid epidemic. He speaks of the death toll due to opioid addiction. Also the process of regulating the amount of subscriptions that medical doctors can issue and finally says President Trump said Monday he will declare the opioid epidemic a national emergency next week.

On Tuesday, he also announced that his nominee for drug commissioner would be Gov. Chris Christie(R-NJ.).   More than a century ago during the early 20th century president Teddy Roosevelt made a familiar speech about such a topic.

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He soon later in 1908 hired a doctor by the name of  the first U.S opioid commission. Opium is a sticky sap of the opium poppy containing alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, and papaverine that has been used for both medical purposes and recreational activities. relieving pain and getting people high for the five thousand years (4,000B.C Mesopotamia). It was often called “The Joy Plant” in which as many as 50 substances derived from.The bitter, yellowish-brown substance affects every part of the society no young or old, rich or poor, urban or rural, has been spared this plague of drug and was considered the most  addictive narcotic drug.  In a transcript of his speech Trump begins by explaining the number of Americans we lost due to this epidemic, “Last year we lost at least 64,000 Americans to overdoses.

That’s 175 lost American lives per day. That’s seven lost lives per hour in our country.”, (quadrupled since 1999)  He then goes on to say The United States is by far the largest consumer of these drugs using more opioid pills per person than any other country by far in the world. President Trump mentions in his speech something that has not happened in a very long time.

For years nothing has been done to make the opioid epidemic a national emergency. The cause is due to about Nine out of 10 members of the House of Representatives and 93 U.S senators that have taken campaign contributions from pharmaceutical companies. They do this to lobby legislation to turn a blind eye on regulations from the cost of drugs to how new medicines are approved. It is a known fact that pharmaceutical companies spend far more than any other industry to influence politicians pouring more than a million dollars into their campaigns.

The opioid crisis played a huge role when the topic “The War on Drugs” comes up. Subsidiary drugs of Opium are oxycodone heroine. People view these kinds of drugs as both a benefit and a risk. Studies have reports contains the average death toll caused by opioid overdose use within the years.  Others consists of Checklist for Prescribing Medication for the Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder, Medications Approved in the Treatment of Opioid Use Disorders. This will help see the medical perspective on this crisis, and how they are coping. Judging by this it has given regulations on this such as the amount of medication to prescribe. Reports like this one that realizes how bad we messed up in taking opioid regulations seriously, and now tries to explain various ways in which we may start the addiction treatment process.

It takes a data of which states have higher uses and need a lot more help then its mentions of the kinds of facilities needed. Lastly the cause of this as explained by this source. Uproar of opium cartels such as Prohibition-era gangsters like Arnold Rothstein who trafficked in illegal heroin in the 1920s and how it shaped that timeline throughout four U.S presidents.

It mainly focused on president Theodore Roosevelt as he played a big role in enforcing laws against opium addiction. It mentions of how he started the opium commision in 1908. This may help us find our previous mistakes or ideas for innovation. In 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt appointed a doctor named Hamilton Wright to be the nation’s first Opium Commissioner.He did this because “have become the greatest drug fiends in the world.” About a decade after the civil war Americans developed a narcotic habit. Many veterans were hooked on morphine. Women were consuming doses of Laudanum which was a mixer of alcohol and opium.

Lastly the drug was a popular drug widely used as a cough suppressant for treating diarrhea in children. This lead Wright to push for U.S. legislation over the objections of drug manufacturers, in the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act of 1914.

 This act taxed and tightly regulated the sale and distribution of opium and cocaine-based products, the first broad crackdown in a century of American narcotics prohibition.  This also happened recently earlier in September, when 41 states announced they would band together to investigate drug companies and wholesalers for civil and criminal fraud violations.Along with cocaine, it was recommended as a safe alternative to morphine for addicts, it later flooded the market in forms of pills and throat lozenges. “It possesses many advantages over morphine,” the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal wrote in 1900, as a claim to early advertise OxyContin. “It’s not hypnotic, and there’s no danger of acquiring a habit.

” This was proven false as a study showed opioids slows down nerve signal transmissions and blocks pain nerves reaching the brain. Although it may seem like little harm at first when taken as prescribed, the abuse of it sets off a series of damaging effects inside the brain’s chemical workings. The brain soon develops of tolerance for opioid drug effects. As the tolerance levels rise, the chemicals begin to take shape, causing the consumer to want to increase larger drug doses.

It  shows that anyone who abuses these drugs or remains on them for longer than three months will likely develop an addiction problem in the near future.   Kermit, West Virginia, for example, is a town of 392 people, ordered more than nine million hydrocodone pills over a span of two years.( this amounts to 433 pain pills for every man, woman and child in West Virginia) It went a little like this: “High-school kids get injured playing sports, they’re prescribed painkillers, and without good follow-up treatment, they get hooked. Same with farm workers who get in accidents” companies were supplying corrupt doctors and pharmacists who then peddled narcotics to the black market.From the 1990’s to 2016, more than 200,000 (40%) people have died in the U.S.

from overdoses related to prescription opioids. In just the year 2016 more than 64,000 lives were lost due to the overdose of this addictive painkiller. A family by the name of Sackler rose to power when two brothers, Raymond and Mortimer Sackler bought a small time pharmaceutical called Purdue Pharma in 1952.

Due to the family’s  to their opioid OxyContin production profits have increased drastically and has caused them to become one of the wealthiest families in the U.S, with a net worth that reached as high as $14 billion. Around 2007 the company was sued for more than $600 million for false advertising OxyContin as only modestly addictive. They later would also introduce the new medical concept of “pseudo-addiction,” this recommended that doctors respond to warning signs of opioid addiction by prescribing even more opioids. They even claimed, “if a patient asks for higher dosages of drugs, hoards drugs, or wants early refills of drugs, they’re not addicted—they really just need more drugs to quell their pain.

” Companies such has Purdue Pharma ,Watson, and Abbott has profited and made billions ($11 Billion) from over prescribing and getting people addicted to these deadly painkillers.Worldwide about $711 Billion were accumulated. Overall the opioid crisis has devastated and deeply shaped America dating back from the 19th century. Those who helped shape it were legislators, pharmaceutical companies, and the people affected by it. But there is still time to rebuild. We’ve started this process back when our first opioid commission was formed, but we will now continue with President Donald Trump and the new opioid committee implementing harsher regulations on the  pharmaceutical companies and focusing more on its affect on public health safety now that it is a national emergency.

We can build more facilities to help addicts instead of just incarcerating thema minimum of 30 years and a $10 million dollar fine.With a  substantial budget report like the one made by Hornby Zeller Associates, Inc. for Delaware Department of Justice every state will get the proper fundings from the federal government to start the rebuild of proper care. Like Trump said in his speech “As Americans, we cannot allow this to continue.

It is time to liberate our communities from this scourge of drug addiction. We can be the generation that ends the opioid epidemic.”