In hard path in getting its independence. After

In December, 2016, UN declared that the world’s youngest state is in danger
of turning to genocide. In fact, ethnic cleansing. But how did South Sudan get into this
position in the first place? And what is international community doing about
it? South Sudan was only formed in 2011, it broke away from the North at the
end of what was the longest running civil war in African History. The first
Sudanese war started in 1955 and ran up until 1972 when a peace deal was
reached with the North agreeing to give the South some degree of autonomy that
lasted until 1983. The government went back on their word and the armed wing
the Sudan’s people’s Liberation Movement took up a fight against the government
except it is never that simple, there were actually a number of rebel groups
and several fractions of SPLM. Another Peace Deal was hammered out in 2005 and
that included a referendum on independence scheduled for 2011. That is when
country voted for a split from Sudan. The world youngest country South Sudan went through
the very hard path in getting its independence. After 22 years of civil war,
South Sudan got its autonomy within Sudan, and only after 6 years, in 2011 they
had referendum on separation and got its independence. New State South Sudan has many ethnic
groups including the two largest. The Dinka and Nuer. The country’s first
president Salva Kiir belonged to Dinka tribe, and he is a devout Christian. Salva
Kiir became the head of SPLM in 2005. Kiir’s Vice President was a man called
Riek Machar, who is from Nuer Tribe. However, shortly after independence country again fall
into violence, as the President Silva Kiir fired Vice President of state and
made big changes in government. His aim was to put people of Dinka on top
governmental places, whereas the second most spread ethnicity Nuer people were
ignored, fired from the office, which gave seeds to a new conflict.

In 2014, there was widespread violence in the country, Government was
calling people to do mass killing, to rape women of other tribe, and telling to
some ethnic tribes to leave the cities. All of these was through the channels
of broad cast. These horrible facts reminds us genocide which took place in
Rwanda. Learning from the past and other’s mistake is important, moreover it
becomes crucial when the mistakes cost people’s life.

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In 1994, the same as in South Sudan right now, bloody conflict took place
in Republic of Rwanda, based on ethnic differences. As a result of military
coup, there started killing of ethnic minority group called Tutsi, and also
Hutus, who were holding different political views. At that time, the ethnical consciousness
of Hutus gave a start to mass killings and violence. Brutal?ty was promoted in
media against tutsi tribe.

History seems to repeat itself. South Sudan conflict reminds us Rwanda in
many aspects. Fostering hostility between two ethnicities, abusing those who do
not support government, promoting violence through broad casting. According to
some estimates, number of casualties varies from 600 000 to 1 000 000 people,
and this is in only first 100 days of the conflict. In South Sudan conflict, ‘since the
conflict began, almost 1 in 3 people in South Sudan have been displaced. Some
3.7 million citizens have been forced to flee their homes: more than 2.1
million people have escaped to neighbouring countries in search of safety, and
more than 1.8 million are trapped inside the warring nation. South Sudan is now
the third-most fled country in the world, behind Syria and Afghanistan.’ (Mercy Corps,

One of the sensitive points of conflict is that children
are also forced to fight in this brutal conflict. According to some estimates
almost 12 thousand children and teenagers had been involved.


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