In the progressive era, there were many activists who influenced the future of America and fought to eradicate issues brought up from industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and corruption in the government. One of the most important African-American activists was W.E.B. Du Bois, an educator and journalist who fought for civil rights. Du Bois played a big part in the civil rights movement by leading great activist groups to fight for their beliefs . Sadly, his goal for civil rights was not achieved until shortly after his death. It was his legacy and perseverance that helped the African-American people to keep fighting for their civil rights.William Edward Burghardt “W.E.B.” Du Bois was an American civil rights activist who co-founded the NAACP and was also a supporter of Pan-Africanism. After being educated at many schools including, Harvard University, Fisk University, and the University of Berlin, with some of the greatest social thinkers of the time, Du Bois became the first African-American to receive a Ph.D. He applied his knowledge to writing and publication of works such as “The Philadelphia Negro” and “The Souls of Black Folk”. Along with his co-founding of the NAACP, he also helped lead a civil rights movement called the Niagara Movement.In his years following the publication of his book “The souls of black folk”, he adamantly opposed the idea of biological white superiority and supported women’s rights through his writings, but found it hard to support vocally due to the fact that they did not support the Civil Rights Movement. He also believed in Pan-Africanism, which basically means that all African descendants have equal rights and should be united. His belief in Pan-Africanism stems from his want to encourage and strengthen bonds between all people of African descent. He was the first person in the United States to study the black social experience. This study, which took place in Philadelphia, he later used to write the book titled, “The Philadelphia Negro.” He also wrote “The Soul of Black Folk” as a way to inform people of the sadness, rage and frustration with the hardships that black people encountered. In addition to these books, he wrote and edited other books and papers such as, “The Crisis” that supported the Civil Rights Movement. He was a founding member of the Niagara Movement to contradict the message being delivered by Booker T. Washington. The Niagara movement basically went against the idea of blacks assimilating into American culture and waiting for change, and encouraged a fight for total equal rights. Also, as a way to achieve equal rights for all people, he helped organize Pan-African congresses to unite all people of African decent, end colonial rule, eradicate racial discrimination, as well as demand human rights and equal economic opportunity.In the summer of 1963 W.E.B. Du Bois passed away at the age of 95, and less than a year later, the Civil Rights Act was passed which finally accomplished his goal. He had fought long and hard for the rights of all African-Americans with his great leadership of the NAACP and the Niagara Movement. His impact on the civil rights movement had finally led to the equality of all Americans, no matter the race. Thanks to civil rights activists like W.E.B. Du Bois, America was truly the land of the free. Without men like Du Bois, America may have never been able to see the days of all men being treated equal. This American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, and writer became a hero for his fight against racism through the creating and leading of powerful civil rights activist groups. His fight led to not only the Civil Rights Act, which outlawed segregation, but also the Voting Act and the Fair Housing Act, granting African-Americans the right to vote and banning the discrimination in housing. He should forever be remembered as one of the greatest civil rights activists in American history.